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Arts Education, Grade 6 - 12, Theatre: Level II, 2006

1.) Demonstrate use of the body and voice as creative instruments.

Example: depicting old man with hunched shoulders, shaky hands, and trembling voice

•  Demonstrating staging techniques
Examples: stage positions, movement

•  Participating in a variety of subtext vocal exercises accompanied by physical reactions

- "I didn't do that." (Subtext: How dare you ask!)

- "I didn't do that." (Subtext: I promise, not me.)

- "I didn't do that." (Subtext: I'm too sweet to do something like that.)

•  Demonstrating resonance, projection, and articulation through vocal exercises and personal vocal warm-ups
Example: vocal exercise or warm-up--"Articulate the consonants, clearly speak the words, round out the vowel sounds, and then you will be heard."

•  Performing scenarios for pantomime using characters involved in an initial incident, conflict, rising action, climax, or conclusion

- initial incident--raking leaves,

- conflict--gust of wind blowing across leaves

•  Performing stage combat exercises
Example: techniques involving sword play, falling, and fighting

•  Demonstrating spontaneity through improvisation exercises
Example: creating a dialogue in which each actor's line begins with the next consecutive letter of the alphabet to tell a story

2.) Analyze scripts, including dialogue, action, and expository information, to explain and justify character motivation.

•  Depicting behaviors based on interactions, ethical choices, and decisions made by characters
•  Justifying artistic choices made when rewriting an original work
•  Creating an original work in a selected theatrical style
Examples: musical theatre, vaudeville, Greek chorus

3.) Utilize the components of playwriting to create short scenes.

Examples: plot structure, character types, themes, settings, dialogue

•  Illustrating language and action used to define characters
•  Interpreting metaphors, themes, and moods in scripts
•  Adapting student-written scenes for dramatic media
4.) Create scripts that reflect specific periods, events, or cultures.

•  Demonstrating how improvised dialog and scenes can be used to tell stories and develop characters based on a variety of sources
•  Identifying ways plays can represent the time periods in which they are set
Examples: costumes, lighting, set, speech patterns, dialogue

5.) Explain the functions of technical theatre.

Example: roles that scenery, props, lighting, sound, costumes, and makeup play in creating the environment for a play

•  Identifying roles of different members of the production staff

- sound engineer--determining all sound reinforcement, sound effects, and music;

- light designer--designing all lighting requirements;

- stage manager--accepting responsibility for general operations;

- costume designer--designing all costuming needs;

- makeup artist--designing all makeup for characters

•  Developing sound effects to support a production
•  Designing a set for a given piece, including floor plan, set materials, props, lighting, costumes, and sound requirements
6.) Determine criteria necessary to review a theatrical production.

Examples: relationship of theme, plot, and conflict; dramatic elements; appropriate use of theatrical language; quality of acting

7.) Analyze selected texts to determine how they incorporate figurative language and imagery.

Examples: Thornton Wilder's Our Town, August Wilson's Fences, Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire, Nilo Cruz's Anna in the Tropics

8.) Use various self-evaluation processes, including journaling, rubrics, and aesthetic responses, to evaluate personal choices and performances.

9.) Explain the impact of social and cultural events on theatre.

•  Describing ways American history has been reflected in the theatre
Examples: August Wilson's two plays in a ten-part series chronicling the African-American experience, Ma Rainey's Black Bottom and Fences

10.) Identify the major periods of theatre history.

Examples: Greek, medieval, Elizabethan, modern, contemporary

•  Identifying major writers of various historical periods

- Sophocles--Early Greek,

- William Shakespeare--Elizabethan,

- Edward Albee--twentieth century

11.) Apply theatre skills to reflect concepts presented in other curriculum areas.


- social studies--improvisations of historical events,

- English language arts--Reader's Theatre,

- science--movement exercises reflecting movement in simple machines

12.) Identify ways technology has impacted theatre, including American theatre.

Examples: projection screens, computer programs, lighting sequences, computer designs or graphics, surround sound

•  Describing the effect of modern media on live theatre
•  Describing the impact of computers and the Internet on the arts
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