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Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, Grade 9 - 12, Aquatic Biology, 2009

1.) Describe various aquatic career opportunities.

2.) Explain safety concepts related to aquatic biology.

3.) Describe the historical background and technological advancements of aquaculture as it relates to agriculture.

4.) Classify aquatic species using scientific nomenclature.

•  Describing characteristics of various species of aquatic life
•  Identifying exotic, invasive, and indigenous aquatic species
•  Identifying microscopic and aquatic organisms using dichotomous keys
5.) Describe types of aquatic animal production in the United States.

•  Comparing the aquaculture pond to natural aquatic ecosystems, including recreational fish ponds
6.) Classify characteristics of ectothermic animals.

•  Describing roles of various aquatic organisms in aquaculture
7.) Describe concepts of diffusion and osmosis related to aquatic organisms.

Examples: gill function, counter and current gas exchange

8.) Interpret water quality data related to natural and artificial aquatic environments.

Examples: temperature, dissolved oxygen, ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, pH

•  Managing water quality parameters
Examples: analysis, treatment

9.) Diagnose major diseases and their causes in aquaculture environments.

10.) Describe preventive measures for aquatic predators and pests.

11.) Identify contributions of biotechnology to aquaculture.

Examples: gene probes for diagnosing viral infections in shrimp, polymerase chain reactions (PCR) for detecting bacterial pathogens in seafood shipments

12.) Trace biogeochemical cycles through the environment, including water, carbon, oxygen, phosphorus, and nitrogen.

•  Relating natural disasters and climate changes to the dynamic equilibrium of ecosystems
13.) Identify agencies responsible for the development of effluent limitations, guidelines, and standards for aquatic production.

•  Identifying effluent treatment methods
14.) Identify potential land and water use conflicts in the aquaculture industry.

15.) Recognize problems with sustainability in aquaculture production.

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