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Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, Grade 9 - 12, Equine Science, 2009

1.) Describe career opportunities in the equine industry.

2.) Identify safety techniques to be considered when handling horses.

Examples: approaching a horse from the front and side, avoiding sudden movement, speaking quietly

•  Describing horse behavior that can cause injuries to the horse and to the handler
Examples: submission to some members of the herd, dominance over some members of the herd, fight or flight behaviors

3.) Differentiate characteristics of light horses, draft horses, and ponies, including structure, muscling, color, and shape of head and neck.

•  Listing various breeds of light horses, draft horses, and ponies
Examples: breeds of light horses—Quarter Horse, Appaloosa, Thoroughbred, Arabian, Morgan, American Saddlebred, Tennessee Walking Horse, Paint

- breeds of ponies—Welsh, Shetland, Pony of the Americas, American Walking Pony

•  Describing historical roles of horses in transportation and recreation
4.) Describe the external anatomy of a horse.

Examples: withers, crest, poll, forehead, muzzle, point of shoulder, pastern, coronet, fetlock

5.) Describe structures and functions of the equine digestive system.

6.) Explain functions of the equine circulatory system.

7.) Identify parts and functions of equine male and female reproductive systems.

•  Describing factors in an equine breeding program
Examples: heat cycle, gestation, lactation, artificial insemination, fertility

8.) Analyze equine feed ingredients to determine nutritional value.

Examples: grain, roughage, vitamins, minerals

•  Identifying possible problems associated with feeding equine
9.) Explain the balance of rations used in feeding equine.

•  Explaining nutritional requirements at various stages of equine development
10.) Describe causes of major equine diseases and methods for prevention.

Examples: disease—equine encephalitis

- method of prevention—improved management practices

11.) Differentiate among internal and external parasites prevalent in equine.

Examples: internal—ascarids, stronglyes, pinworms;

- external—deerflies, lice, mits, ringworm, ticks, botflies

12.) Describe hoof problems in equine.

•  Recognizing symptoms of lameness in equine
13.) Diagnose conditions that require the assistance of a farrier.

Examples: farrier assistance—trimming, shoeing

•  Identifying tools used by a farrier
Examples: apron, hoof gauge, hoof knife, hoof pick, anvil, rasp, hoof nippers, nail clincher

14.) Categorize normal equine ranges for vital signs, critical and noncritical injuries, and treatment of wounds.

Examples: vital signs—heart rate, respiratory rate

- critical injuries—broken bones

- noncritical injuries—cuts

- treatment of wounds—cleaning, applying ointments, applying bandages, stitching

15.) Distinguish factors in selecting horses for a particular use.

Example: draft horses for pulling heavy loads

•  Describing procedures for determining the age of a horse
Example: checking size of teeth

•  Describing factors to consider in judging equine halter and performance classes
•  Evaluating various equine training techniques
16.) Describe equine barn styles and facilities.

Examples: barn styles—gambrel, gable

- facilities—round pen, stables

•  Identifying various tack and equipment used in the horse industry
•  Analyzing environmental issues to maintain and care for horses
Examples: waste management, overgrazing

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