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Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, Grade 9 - 12, Horticultural Science, 2009

1.) Explain the importance of horticulture to local, state, national, and world economies.

2.) Identify careers in horticulture.

3.) Describe safety practices in horticulture.

4.) Describe vegetative structures and functions in annuals, biennials, and perennials.

Examples: root for plant anchor and support, stem for plant support, leaf for photosynthesis and respiration

•  Identifying sexual reproductive structures and functions of plants
Examples: flower, fruit, seed

•  Identifying asexual reproductive structures and functions of plants
Examples: stem, root, leaf

5.) Describe the purpose and use of growth regulators.

Examples: rooting, growth stimulant, retardant

6.) Differentiate soil from soilless media in the horticulture industry.

7.) Identify components of soil.

Examples: sand, silt, clay

8.) List the macronutrients and micronutrients needed for plant growth.

•  Identifying the function of macronutrients and micronutrients
Examples: major macronutrients—nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium

- secondary macronutrients—calcium, sulfur, magnesium

- micronutrients—zinc, iron, boron, copper, manganese, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, molybdenum, chloride

•  Recognizing common nutrient deficiency symptoms
9.) Design short- and long-term fertilization plans based on information provided by a soil test.

•  Comparing organic and inorganic fertilizers
•  Demonstrating fertilizer application methods
•  Describing pH modification procedures
10.) Describe various greenhouse designs and types of coverings.

Examples: designs—even-span, Gothic arch, uneven-span, Quonset, lean-to, attached or g gutter connected

- coverings—glass, polyethylene, fiberglass, acrylic, polycarbonate

•  Comparing methods used in controlling greenhouse temperatures
Examples: misting, heating, ventilating

•  Describing tables or benches used in greenhouses
Examples: wood, welded wire, prefabricated plastic

11.) Design greenhouse and nursery crop production schedules.

12.) Compare container and field nurseries.

13.) Describe techniques for maintaining plants, including pruning, mulching, fertilizing, and irrigating.

14.) Identify common names of greenhouse and nursery plants.

•  Explaining the importance of the binomial classification system
15.) Identify plant damage caused by insects.

•  Describing types of pesticides
Examples: herbicides, miticides, insecticides, fungicides, rodenticides, molluscides, nematocides

•  Describing the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) concept
•  Identifying practices required in the safe use of pesticides
16.) Compare hydroponic systems used in the horticulture industry.

Examples: sand culture, gravel culture, bag culture, aeroponic, continuous flow, nutrient film technique

17.) Design a vegetable garden plan, including site and suitable plant varieties for the local area.

18.) Utilize various technologies in the horticulture industry.

Examples: computers, computer software, watering timers, sensors

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