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Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, Grade 9 - 12, Landscape Design and Management, 2009

1.) Compare job characteristics for various careers in landscape design and management.

2.) Identify safe use of pesticides, power equipment, and hand tools in the landscaping industry.

3.) Apply principles of landscape design, including simplicity, balance, focalization of interest, rhythm and line, scale and proportion, and unity.

•  Describing computer programs used in landscape planning
•  Designing a landscape plan, including enrichment features
Examples: fencing, birdbath, gazebo, walkway, driveway

4.) Identify common plants used in landscape design.

Example: trees, shrubs, ground covers, vines, flowers, turfgrass

•  Describing physical and cultural characteristics of common plants used in landscape design
Examples: physical—color, flowering, foliage, fruiting

- cultural—cold or heat hardiness, sun or shade tolerance

5.) Describe environmental factors that affect plant growth.

•  Explaining the importance of specific plant processes
Examples: photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration

6.) Analyze landscape plants for symptoms of nutrient deficiencies.

  Examples: primary nutrients—nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium

- secondary nutrients—calcium, sulfur, magnesium

- trace nutrients—boron, manganese, chlorine, zinc, molybdenum, iron, copper, aluminum

7.) Explain environmental issues related to landscape design and management.

8.) Demonstrate methods for planting shrubs, trees, annuals, bulbs, groundcovers, and vines.

9.) Describe techniques used for establishing and maintaining landscapes, including pruning, fertilizing, irrigating, mulching, and controlling pests.

•  Identifying insects, diseases, and weeds that pose a problem in the landscape
•  Describing types of selective and nonselective pesticides used in the landscaping industry
10.) Identify criteria for the selection of hand tools, power tools, power equipment, and machinery for a specific landscape task.

•  Describing basic maintenance procedures required for tools and equipment used in landscaping
11.) Describe the purpose of various sprinklers within an irrigation system.

Examples: impulse, oscillating, automatic, pop-up

•  Describing methods of drainage in a landscape
Examples: tiling, sloping

12.) Identify common needs for indoor plants used in interior plantscaping.

Examples: light, media, watering and drainage, fertilization, temperature, humidity

•  Explaining principles of interior design
•  Selecting techniques used to achieve xeriscaping concepts
13.) Demonstrate business-related work ethics and managerial skills for the successful operation of a landscape business.

Examples: work ethics—following instructions, being on time, cooperating with others

- managerial skills—record keeping, budgeting, pricing, scheduling work, inventorying, purchasing, advertising, handling customer complaints, c communicating in oral and written form

14.) Identify advancements in technology that enhance the landscaping industry.

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