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Education and Training, Grade 9 - 12, Family Wellness, 2009

1.) Determine a variety of health services provided by school and community health professionals that impact the health and wellness of individuals and families, including health activities that influence and support others to work cooperatively for healthy communities.

Examples: mental health counseling, physical health screening, immunizations, public information seminars and services, drug prevention programs, school nurses, STOP the Violence–Students Taking on Prevention project, programs such as Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD), health fairs

2.) Analyze cultural influences on health behaviors, including social norms, laws and regulations, family traditions, and stereotypes that impact the health and wellness of individuals and families.

Examples: knowledge, attitude, and beliefs related to family eating habits; Alabama's graduated driver license to promote safe driving

3.) Differentiate between positive and negative health messages portrayed in the media.

Examples: negative—attractive models advertising products such as tobacco, and alcohol, sexual images used to promote products

- positive—public service announcements about parent-child communication, advertisements promoting the use of sunscreens

4.) Evaluate positive and negative impacts of technology on health.

Examples: positive—improved diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and disorders

- negative—decreased level of health-enhancing physical activity, inflationary expense of health care services

5.) Explain valid and essential information for the safe use of consumer goods and health products.

Examples: using over-the-counter medications as directed, using herbals safely, recognizing fraud and fads, checking product labeling

6.) Analyze factors that affect community health, including comparing the rights of individuals or special interest groups regarding the environment with those of the community.

Examples: air pollution—breathing problems

- noise pollution—hearing loss

- chemical pollution—water quality

- bio-terrorism—disease

- rights of individuals or groups—community action to prevent landfill construction near neighborhoods, noise abatement near airports, rights of smokers versus nonsmokers in public places

7.) Explain the impact of personal health behaviors on family life, parenting, and child development, including attending to financial responsibilities associated with pregnancy, childbirth, and childrearing.

Examples: waiting to become a parent until physically, socially, and emotionally mature and employed

8.) Determine common causes of disability and premature loss of life across life stages.

8.) Examples: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), unintentional and intentional injuries, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers, inadequate prenatal care

9.) Analyze the relationship of dimensions of health and wellness, including emotional, intellectual, physical, social, environmental, and spiritual factors that impact the health and wellness of individuals and families.

•  Applying decision-making strategies to achieve and improve personal health goals
Example: participating regularly in physical activity, avoiding sexual risk-taking, preventing abuse, practicing water safety, operating motor vehicles safely

10.) Apply refusal skills used by individuals and families to abstain from risky situations.

Examples: saying "no," walking away, offering alternatives, making excuses, finding solutions

11.) Assess the impact of positive and negative personal health behaviors on the functioning of body systems.

Examples: identifying effects of health behaviors on the endocrine, cardiovascular, nervous, reproductive, digestive, skeletal, and muscular systems

12.) Identify symptoms, methods of treatment, and ways to manage mental illnesses or disorders such as depression, eating disorders, and suicide, including proposing potential solutions to health concerns.

Examples: recognizing problems with substance or child abuse and seeking help with prevention through family counseling; requesting referrals for drug, alcohol, or suicidal peer problems; participating in intervention seminars; using methods for working cooperatively with parents, school personnel, and peers; seeking assistance from responsible adults

13.) Describe the impact of significant events on physical and emotional health of individuals and families.

Examples: birth or death of a loved one, marriage, childbirth, adoption, divorce, chronic or infectious illness, victimization, relocation, end or relationship

14.) Predict the impact of positive nutrition-related changes in behavior.

Examples: eating versus skipping breakfast, knowledge of food pyramid, following doctor-recommended diet restrictions

15.) Demonstrate CPR and first aid skills.

16.) Design home safety guidelines.

Examples: establishing family emergency plans for inclement weather, fire safety, personal safety, water safety, and accidental poisoning

17.) Explain consequences of health behaviors that are harmful to self or others.

Examples: personal injuries, diseases and illnesses, monetary and property losses, legal liabilities

18.) Determine symptoms, methods of prevention, and strategies for controlling communicable infestations, diseases, and infections.

Examples: symptoms—fever, itching, chills

- strategies for preventing or controlling—abstinence, vaccinations, universal precautions

19.) Explain methods of treating and managing chronic health problems.

Examples: diabetes; stress; asthma; allergies; depression; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); addiction to alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs; physical or cognitive impairment

20.) Explain laws and regulations related to substance use and abuse.

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