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Health, Grade K, 2009

1.) Name major health care professions.

Examples: nurse, dentist, physician, pharmacist

2.) Identify health information sources in the community.

Examples: parents, school nurse, family doctor

3.) Identify ways schools encourage a healthy environment.

Examples: providing smoke-free facilities, serving healthy meals in the lunchroom, maintaining clean restrooms

4.) Recognize environmental hazards.

Examples: oil spill, downed power line

5.) Identify types of families.

  Examples: two-parent families, single-parent families, extended families, blended families

6.) Identify individual roles and responsibilities of family members.

7.) Recognize warning sounds and signs.

Examples:

- sounds—fire alarm, weather siren

- signs—wet floor, railroad crossing

8.) List behaviors that promote personal safety.

Examples: following emergency drill procedures, using caution when approached by strangers, wearing seat belts and safety equipment, looking both ways before crossing the street

9.) Explain behaviors that promote personal hygiene.

Examples: washing hands, brushing teeth, bathing

10.) Identify mental and emotional health concepts.

Examples:

- mental—self-esteem, stress

- emotional—happiness, anger, love, fear

11.) Describe safe responses to physical and emotional conflicts.

Example: seeking help when threatened

12.) Identify healthy foods, including snacks.

•  Recognizing the six food groups on MyPyramid
•  Identifying characteristics of various foods
Examples: taste, smell, color, texture

•  Locating the nutrition facts label on food products
13.) Identify healthy habits that may prevent and control disease.

Examples: coughing into sleeve; washing hands; avoiding sharing towels, combs, or brushes

14.) Name substances that are harmful to the body.

Examples: tobacco, illegal drugs, alcohol, household cleaning products

15.) Explain ways medicine can help people.

•  Naming adults who can administer medicine

Health, Grade 1, 2009

1.) Recognize health-enhancing activities that promote clean schools, homes, and communities.

Example: participating in school-wide cleanup, Auntie Litter, and People Against a Littered State (PALS) projects

2.) Recognize safety instructions on consumer products.

3.) Name technology resources used to access reliable health information.

Examples: telephone, Internet, television, digital video diskette (DVD)

4.) Identify roles and responsibilities of health care professionals within the community.

5.) Describe ways to save energy, water, and other resources.

6.) Recognize activities that encourage healthy family living.

Examples: family meal time, family outings

7.) Differentiate between safe and unsafe touch.

8.) Demonstrate ways to summon help in an emergency.

Examples: dialing 911, contacting trusted and helpful adults

9.) Identify positive ways to cope with emotions.

Examples: talking to a parent, taking time-out away from others, seeking help from teachers or administrators

10.) Identify decision-making skills that enhance health.

Example: saying "no" to medication unless prescribed by a doctor or given by a designated adult

11.) Identify foods in the six food groups on MyPyramid.

12.) Recognize foods and beverages that are healthy choices.

Examples:

- foods—vegetables, fruits, whole grains

- beverages—water, 100 percent fruit and vegetable juices, low-fat milk

13.) Identify ways in which germs enter the body.

14.) Describe how the avoidance of harmful substances may enhance personal health and individual well-being.

Example: avoiding tobacco and second-hand smoke to promote healthy lungs

15.) Identify refusal skills needed to avoid harmful substances.

Examples: saying "no," walking away


Health, Grade 2, 2009

1.) Identify community emergency services.

Examples: police and fire departments, emergency medical services (EMS)

2.) Explain the importance of warnings found on tobacco products and medical and chemical containers.

3.) Identify effects of pollutants, household wastes, and chemical hazards on the environment.

4.) Identify hereditary and environmental factors that influence family health.

Examples:

- hereditary—diabetes, hypertension

- environmental—exposure to second-hand smoke, mold, and air pollutants

5.) Describe safety products, devices, warning signs, and symbols.

6.) List rules for weapon safety.

7.) Describe personal behaviors that enhance safety at school, home, and within the community.

Examples:

- school—staying seated on the bus, observing playground rules

- home—using the Internet with parental supervision, establishing emergency escape routes

- community—staying close to parent in a mall, practicing water safety

8.) Explain ways that bullying and excessive teasing can be hurtful.

•  Comparing positive and negative ways to respond to conflict
Examples: taking responsibility for personal behavior instead of blaming others, talking instead of hitting, waiting turn instead of interrupting

9.) Identify the six major nutrients.

Examples: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, water, vitamins, minerals

10.) Recognize ways of responding to hunger and satiety cues.

Examples: eating when hungry, not eating when full

11.) Recognize causes of illness and disease.

Examples: germs, hereditary and environmental factors, personal health decisions

12.) Identify ways drugs enter the body, including injection, inhalation, absorption, and ingestion.

13.) Identify household substances that are often misused.

Examples: glue, markers, aerosol sprays, paint


Health, Grade 3, 2009

1.) Recognize media messages affecting consumer health decisions.

2.) Relate common health problems to environmental factors.

Examples: flu and colds due to germ transmission indoors, sunburn due to overexposure to the sun

3.) Describe factors that may cause changes in family units.

Examples: death, divorce, remarriage, birth, adoption, promotion, relocation

4.) Identify behaviors that should be reported to responsible adults.

Examples: use of drugs, tobacco, or alcohol; incidence of abuse, neglect, or physical fighting or threats

5.) Explain why having friends with health conditions or special needs can be safe.

6.) Identify ways to create and maintain healthy friendships.

Examples: using assertive communication skills, disagreeing respectfully

7.) Identify resources that assist with mental and emotional health.

Examples:

- school—nurse, guidance counselor, administrator, resource officer

- community—parent or other trusted adult

8.) List a food source for each of the major nutrients.

Examples:

- proteins and fats—meat

- carbohydrates and vitamins—vegetables

- water and minerals—fruit

9.) Identify portion sizes and number of daily servings needed from each food group using MyPyramid.

•  Choosing food and beverages based on balance, moderation, and variety
•  Explaining nutrient and caloric information found on a nutrition facts label
10.) Describe types, causes, and symptoms of communicable and noncommunicable diseases.

11.) Identify skills needed to make healthy decisions regarding the use of drugs or other harmful substances.

Examples: resistance skills, resilience skills

12.) Identify safety rules for using medicine.

Examples: following directions on personal prescriptions, avoiding sharing personal medications with others

13.) Distinguish between legal and illegal drugs.


Health, Grade 4, 2009

1.) Compare health-related advertisements regarding "truth-in-advertising."

2.) Explain ways industry impacts environmental and community health.

Examples: land, air, noise, or water pollution; disposal of hazardous waste

3.) Identify environmental health issues related to home and work.

Examples: waste disposal, stagnant water, mold

4.) Explain the importance of communication within the family unit.

5.) Identify benefits of adequate sleep, nutrition, and exercise for the body.

Examples: mental alertness, strong immune system, healthy weight

6.) Describe the importance of personal hygiene health habits related to puberty and adolescence.

7.) Describe healthful ways to express emotions.

Examples: journaling, talking to an older sibling or trusted adult

8.) Identify ways to respect personal boundaries of others.

Examples: responding to nonverbal cues, tolerating opinions, recognizing personal space

9.) Utilize information on food labels to determine the nutritional value of various foods.

•  Describing healthy meals and snacks
10.) Explain relationships among nutrition, health, and wellness.

Examples: impact of following national dietary guidelines, long-term effects of eating saturated fats, risks of excessive sugar and caffeine intake

•  Describing how media, culture, and availability influence food choices
•  Identifying safe food-handling practices
Example: following recommended cleaning, cooking, and storing practices

11.) Differentiate between acute and chronic medical conditions.

Examples:

- acute—flu, strep throat

- chronic—asthma, diabetes

12.) Describe physical effects of substance abuse on the body.

Examples: shortness of breath, elevated heart rate, stained teeth, impaired judgment, addiction

13.) Describe risk factors that can lead to substance abuse.

Examples: peer pressure, family history, stress, depression, psychological disorders


Health, Grade 5, 2009

1.) Name factors to consider when selecting health products.

Examples: cost, safety, effectiveness, side effects

2.) Compare health-related resources regarding reliability.

Example: comparing health information in professional journals to health information in tabloid magazines

3.) Describe ways individuals, businesses, and communities protect the environment.

Examples: Adopt-a-Mile clean-up efforts, recycling projects, proper waste disposal procedures

4.) Identify types of communication that influence family behavior.

Example: conversations during family meals, including active listening

5.) Identify risky behaviors that affect personal health and safety.

Examples: use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs; premarital sexual activity; self-mutilation

6.) Recognize basic first aid skills.

Examples: washing wounds with soap and water; applying the Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation (RICE) technique to injured muscles or joints

7.) Describe the impact of puberty on mental and emotional health.

8.) Explain prevention and intervention techniques related to bullying.

9.) Identify factors in addition to nutrition that affect personal body shape and size.

Examples: age, gender, height, genetics, society, activity level, illness

10.) Describe the major components of MyPyramid, including food groups, number of servings, variety of foods, nutrients, and physical activity.

•  Distinguishing between healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns
11.) Explain the body's natural defenses against diseases.

Examples: skin serving as a barrier to germ invasion, fever triggering an immune response

12.) Recognize communicable diseases that are preventable through immunization.

Examples: measles; tetanus; hepatitis A, B, and C

13.) Recognize prevention and intervention strategies for substance abuse.

Example: participating in drug abuse resistance education, community youth group activities, peer helping, and school service clubs


Health, Grade 6, 2009

1.) Compare name brand to generic health care products.

2.) Describe practices that protect the environment and control disease.

Examples: managing contamination from biohazardous waste, removing objects that collect water to prevent breeding grounds for mosquitoes

3.) Identify characteristics of healthy relationships among family units.

Examples: communication, mutual respect, trust, acceptance of differences

4.) Describe how communicable diseases affect physical, psychological, environmental, and social health.

5.) Demonstrate steps to take during emergency medical situations.

Example: three C's—Check the scene, Call 911, Care for victim

6.) Recognize strategies necessary to resolve emotional and physical conflicts.

Examples: reflective listening, adult intervention, peer mediation, anger management

7.) Explain sexual harassment protection strategies.

Examples: objecting to inappropriate behavior or language; reporting harassment to parents, teachers, or school officials

8.) Compare verbal and nonverbal communication skills.

Examples:

- verbal—compromise, negotiation

- nonverbal—body language, facial expression

9.) Analyze various dietary patterns to determine their impact on health.

Examples: over-eating, under-eating, eating a balanced diet

10.) Identify factors that impact nutrition choices of adolescents, including body image, advertising, eating disorders, and peer influence.

11.) Explain methods of HIV transmission.

Examples: shared needles, sexual contact, exchange of body fluids

•  Recognizing common myths regarding HIV transmission
Examples: casual contact, use of public restroom

12.) Describe consequences of substance use and abuse.

Examples: impaired judgment leading to premarital sexual activity, transmission of disease, risk of injury, unwanted pregnancy, birth defects

13.) Describe possible consequences of tobacco use, including smokeless tobacco.

Examples: stained teeth, halitosis, cancer, emphysema


Health, Grade 7, 2009

1.) Describe resources that provide health care services.

Examples: county health departments, American Red Cross, American Diabetes Association

2.) Explain cultural influences on health behaviors, including social norms, family traditions, and stereotypes.

Example: family eating habits

3.) Describe how health is affected by the environment.

Example: respiratory problems caused by second-hand smoke

4.) Evaluate advances in technology that can improve environmental health.

Examples: alternative energy sources, recycled products

5.) Describe the influence of family history, culture, and environment on the causes and prevention of disease and other health problems.

6.) Propose strategies for self-defense, including parking lot safety, Internet safety, and telephone safety.

7.) Demonstrate decision-making skills as they relate to situations involving health risks.

Examples: responding appropriately to sexual harassment, avoiding physical conflict, objecting to verbal and physical bullying, avoiding inappropriate electronic communication

8.) Plan a healthy meal.

•  Comparing nutrient density in a variety of snacks and beverages
9.) Explain ways microorganisms can cause food-borne illnesses.

10.) Describe diseases of the nervous, reproductive, circulatory, and respiratory systems.

11.) Compare short- and long-term effects of risky behaviors that compromise adolescent health.

•  Predicting potential health consequences of popular trends, including tattooing, piercing, and self-mutilation
12.) Identify disease-causing agents.

Examples: viruses, protozoa, bacteria, fungi

13.) Recognize substance misuse, abuse, and dependence.

•  Recognizing the legal age to purchase tobacco and alcohol in Alabama
•  Explaining psychological, legal, and financial consequences of substance abuse

Health, Grade 8, 2009

1.) Identify procedures for making consumer health complaints.

Examples: speaking with a store manager, calling the Better Business Bureau, contacting a patient-relations representative

2.) Describe health advocacy strategies.

Examples: writing and recording public service announcements for school or community broadcasts, writing letters to editors of local newspapers, implementing a school health improvement project

3.) Identify public environmental laws that protect personal health.

Examples: dumping, polluting, littering

4.) Recognize cultural influences that impact health behaviors.

Examples: family perceptions of health care professionals, family perceptions of healthy body image, societal expectations of remaining abstinent until married

5.) Describe behaviors that may prevent personal injury.

Examples: wearing protective gear, using seat belts, handling flammable materials properly

6.) Describe personal responsibility for reducing hazards and avoiding accidents.

7.) Identify barriers to communication regarding health-related issues.

Examples: fear, embarrassment, lack of vocabulary

8.) Identify strategies for controlling impulsive behaviors.

Examples:

- strategies—seeking mental health resources, utilizing conflict resolution techniques

- behaviors—self-mutilation, aggressive outbursts

9.) Describe common eating disorders.

Examples: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating

10.) Identify possible consequences of poor nutrition.

Example: increased risk for heart disease, obesity, cancer, fatigue, poor academic performance, osteoporosis

11.) Explain benefits, limitations, and misuse of dietary supplements.

12.) Describe types of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

•  Explaining benefits of abstinence
•  Identifying physical, social, and emotional effects of STIs
•  Describing long-term effects of HIV and AIDS on the human body
Examples: destruction of the immune system, contraction of opportunistic infections

13.) Explain why mixing drugs can cause injury, illness, and death.


Health, Grade 9 - 12, 2009

1.) Analyze technology for its influence on consumer health and health care.

2.) Describe ways to advocate for a healthy environment.

3.) Describe global environmental issues.

4.) Identify personal, financial, and legal responsibilities of parenthood.

•  Identifying negative consequences associated with teen parenthood
5.) Identify common causes of disability and premature death.

Examples: sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), unintentional and intentional injuries, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer

6.) Demonstrate CPR and automated external defibrillator (AED) techniques and other first aid skills.

7.) Recognize personal responsibility for lifelong health.

Examples: participating regularly in physical activity; practicing water safety; operating motor vehicles safely; scheduling annual physical exams, cancer screenings, and immunizations

8.) Identify symptoms, methods of treatment, and management of mental health disorders, depression, and stress.

•  Recognizing available resources and hotlines for mental health concerns
Examples:

- resources—school personnel, peers

- hotlines—suicide prevention, rape crisis

•  Identifying warning signs and prevention strategies for suicide
9.) Describe significant life events that impact mental and emotional health.

Examples: birth or death of a loved one, marriage, childbirth, adoption, divorce, illness, victimization, relocation, end-of-relationship

10.) Analyze social and cultural messages about food and eating for their influence on nutrition choices.

•  Identifying factors that impact nutrition choices, including procurement, cost, and food preparation time
•  Describing persuasive techniques used by the media to influence decisions regarding purchasing food
•  Describing health consequences and treatment of eating disorders
11.) Describe prevention and management strategies for acute and chronic health conditions.

12.) Explain prevention methods for communicable diseases and infections.

Examples: using standard precautions, practicing abstinence, scheduling immunizations

13.) Explain the progression of HIV infection to AIDS.

14.) Interpret federal, state, and local laws as they relate to the purchase, sale, use, and possession of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.

•  Identifying local school system rules for substance use and abuse
15.) Identify effects on health and behavior regarding the use of chemical substances, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs, illegal drugs, alcohol, and tobacco.

16.) Explain physiological effects of chemical substances on health and behavior.

Examples: liver damage, emphysema, heart disease

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