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Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, Latin Level II, 2006

1.) Use Level II Latin grammar and syntax to read and write Latin passages.

Examples: fourth- and fifth-declension nouns and case usage, including genitive--partitive, description, object of certain adjectives and verbs, with causa or gratia to show purpose; dative--object of special verbs and compound verbs, purpose, reference, possession, dative of agent; accusative--place to which, subject of the indirect statement, with ad to show purpose; ablative--absolute, causal, object of deponent verbs, description, comparison, separation, respect, place from which, degree of difference; locative; indefinite and intensive pronouns; comparison of adjectives and adverbs; uses of quam with comparison of adjectives; irregular verbs, deponent verbs, participles, three tenses active and passive infinitives, four uses of infinitives, gerunds, gerundives, active and passive periphrastic, indirect statement; present and imperfect tenses of the subjunctive, volitive subjunctive, purpose, result subjunctive clauses; vocabulary learned in the dictionary format

2.) Answer questions demonstrating comprehension and interpretation of Latin phrases and passages.

3.) Recite passages in Latin using correct pronunciation and proper phrasing.

Examples: United States Pledge of Allegiance in Latin, introduction to Caesar's De Bello Gallico

4.) Explain the significance of people, events, and political terms in Roman history.


- people--early heroes, Sulla, Marius, Pompey, Caesar, Antony, Octavian, Constantine, Justinian;

- events--founding of Rome by Etruscans, plebeian struggle, Punic Wars, civil wars;

- political terms--monarchy, republic, laws, political parties, cursus honorum, First and Second Triumvirates

5.) Explain differences in the actions of legendary Roman heroes and those of historical Roman figures.

Example: actions of Marius, Sulla, Cicero, and Cincinnatus

6.) Locate historically important cities, countries, and geographical features of the ancient Mediterranean world.


- cities--Carthage, Troy, Alexandria, Athens, Delphi, Constantinople;

- countries--division of Gaul, Phoenicia, Magna Graecia, Crete, Sicily;

- geographical features--Rubicon, Po, Nile, Rhine, Alps, Pyrenees

7.) Describe Latin influences on other disciplines, including English and Romance languages, history, and philosophy.

Examples: influence of Epicurean and Stoic philosophies on contemporary ideas and literature, current study of Julius Caesar's military tactics

8.) Describe the influences of Roman history on today's world.

Examples: television series Rome; the movies Gladiator, Cleopatra, and Troy; archeological discoveries

9.) Compare language patterns of Latin and English.

Example: describing differences in expressions of indirect statements in Latin and English

10.) Utilize Latin prefixes, suffixes, and roots to expand English vocabulary.

Examples: recall, advocate, admit, absent

11.) Compare the geography and social, political, legal, military, and economic systems of the Roman world to systems of the modern world.

Example: comparing a map of the Roman Empire to a contemporary map of the world

12.) Identify ways the study of Latin is beneficial to the study of other languages.

Example: similarities among the Latin word homo, the Spanish word hombre, and the French word l'homme

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