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Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, Latin Level IV, 2006

1.) Use Level IV Latin grammar and syntax to read original works by authors of Latin poetry.

Examples:

- grammar and syntax--supine, diminutive, correlatives, enclitics, syncopated verb forms, impersonal verbs; rhetorical figures, including anaphora, hyperbole, chiasmus, polysyndeton, asyndeton, simile, litotes; perfect and pluperfect subjunctive, independent subjunctives, conditional sentences, subordinate subjunctive clauses, including cum clauses, anticipatory, fearing, indirect question, indirect command, substantive result clause, characteristic, relative result, proviso, clause of comparison, doubting, hindrance, subjunctive by attraction, subordinate clause in indirect statements; vocabulary learned in the dictionary format;

- authors of Latin poetry--Vergil, Ovid, Horace, Catullus

2.) Analyze the style of Latin poets to comprehend content.

Example: describing how the meter of a poem affects its meaning

3.) Identify metrical patterns by scanning selected Latin poetry.

Example Image

4.) Recite memorized original Latin poetry.

Examples: Catullus' 5 ("Vivamus, mea Lesbia, atque amemus"), Horace's 1.11 ("Carpe Diem")

5.) Describe Roman values and perspectives in poetry.

Example: Epicurean and Stoic philosophies

6.) Explain the significance of Roman poets.

Examples: Vergil, Horace, Ovid, Catullus, Martial, patron Maecenas

7.) Compare actions and character traits of Roman heroes to actions and character traits of heroes of other periods in history.

Examples: Vergil's Aeneas and George Washington, Ovid's Daedalus and Leonardo da Vinci

8.) Analyze Roman poets to determine their influence on art and literature throughout history.

Example: Ovid's influence on Gianlorenzo Bernini's sculptural rendition of Daphne and Apollo, William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, and Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story

9.) Describe the influence of themes in Roman poetry on Western art and literature.

Example: Ovid's tale of Orpheus and Eurydice as interpreted in the modern Brazilian film Black Orpheus

10.) Identify phrases used in English and their origins in Latin literature.

Examples: "vanish into thin air," "hair stands on end," and "voice sticks in your throat" originating in Vergil's The Aeneid

11.) Compare universal themes found in Roman poetry to artistic renditions of other time periods and cultures.

Example: themes of love and hate in different versions of Catullus' "Odi et amo" and works by English poets Abraham Cowley (1667), Ezra Pound (1972), and Gary Wills (contemporary)

12.) Identify English derivatives of Latin words commonly used in Latin poetry.

Examples: urbane, amorous, incantation, Occident

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