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Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 6 - 8, Modern Languages, 2006

1.) Use formal and informal expressions to communicate in the target language.

•  Giving oral and written instructions in the target language
•  Expressing opinions and feelings in the target language
Example: I like soccer.

•  Describing personality traits and physical characteristics in the target language
Examples:

- personality traits--My sister is friendly., Christopher Columbus is famous.;

- physical characteristics--Ricky Martin is handsome., My dog is brown.

•  Utilizing idiomatic expressions of the target language
Examples:

llover a cántaros--to rain cats and dogs,

Coûter les yeux de la tête.--It costs an arm and a leg.,

Hunger haben--to be hungry

2.) Interpret target language gestures, intonation, and visual clues.

Examples: hand signals, voice inflections, facial expressions

3.) Identify the main idea of nonfiction texts, including target language newspaper and magazine advertisements.

4.) Create presentations in the target language.

Examples: bulletin board displays, short plays, skits, video recordings

5.) Explain cultural practices of a target culture.

Examples: celebrations, games, recreational activities

6.) Identify trends found in various aspects of a target language culture.

Examples: fashion, music, dance, movies

7.) Identify major historic, scientific, and artistic target culture contributions or events.

Examples:

- historic--Napoleon Bonaparte and the Battle of Waterloo,

- scientific--Louis Pasteur and pasteurization,

- artistic--Ludwig von Beethoven and Symphony No. 5

8.) Relate vocabulary of the target language to vocabulary of other subject areas.

Example: recognizing the prefix bi, meaning two, in the Spanish word bicicleta and in the English word bicycle

9.) Use spoken and written language to reflect knowledge of grammatical differences between English and the target language.

Examples: formal and informal address, gender

10.) Identify critical sound distinctions of the target language and of English that must be mastered to communicate meaning.

Examples:

papa--potato, papá--daddy;

- read--present tense, read--past tense

11.) Compare verbal and nonverbal behavior of the target culture to the culture of the United States.

Examples:

- verbal--terms of endearment such as mon petit chou and sweetie, and felicitations such as ¡Bravo! and Hurrah!;

- nonverbal--bowing and shaking hands

12.) Create presentations about the target culture for various audiences.

Examples: classroom presentations, simple skits and songs for school and community presentations

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