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Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade K - 2, Modern Languages, 2006

1.) Use descriptive words in the target language to express opinions about a variety of materials, including stories, foods, or videos.

Examples: fantastic, good, terrible

2.) Respond appropriately to simple classroom directions given in the target language.

Examples: repeating a statement or phrase, opening or closing a book, standing up

3.) Use learned target language vocabulary to express simple commands.

Examples: directing others to open the door or sit down, playing the game "Simon Says"

4.) Identify rhythm or speech patterns in culturally authentic materials.

Examples: poetry, music, dance

5.) Recite a variety of high-frequency learned words, phrases, and sentences in the target language, imitating correct and appropriate intonation and pronunciation.

Examples:

- words--days of the week, numbers, colors;

- phrases--Good morning!;

- sentences--My name is John.

6.) Describe cultural behaviors in a variety of social situations.

Examples: greetings, gestures

7.) Identify various elements of a target culture.

Examples: music, history, food, clothing, landmarks

8.) Relate concepts learned in other disciplines to concepts learned in the target language.

Examples: weather and calendar topics in science, continents in geography, differences in numerical punctuation in mathematics, differences in capitalization rules in English language arts

9.) Identify similarities or differences between a target culture and their own.

Examples: flags, music, gestures

10.) Recite learned nursery rhymes from a target culture for a school or community audience.


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 3 - 5, Modern Languages, 2006

1.) Create simple sentences to communicate in the target language about familiar topics.

Examples:

- school--I like mathematics.,

- family--My sister is tall.,

- holidays and celebrations--My birthday is in October.

2.) Use appropriate gestures, etiquette, and oral expressions for greetings, farewells, and common classroom interactions.

3.) Identify simple target language words from diverse children's multimedia sources.

Example: number words from various children's television programs

4.) Retell stories in the target language using learned vocabulary and proper pronunciation and intonation.

•  Identifying main ideas, characters, and settings in stories
•  Reciting poems, songs, short anecdotes, and folk tales
5.) Identify common practices and perspectives of contemporary life of a target culture.

Example: telling why various generations from some cultures live in the same household

6.) Describe tangible products from a target culture.

Examples: sporting goods, traditional and contemporary dress, foods, modes of transportation, flags, types of dwellings

7.) Identify children's songs and selections from target culture literature, including traditional poetry and rhymes.

Examples:

- German song--"Mein Hut der hat drei Ecken" ("My Hat, It Has Three Corners"),

- Spanish song--"Cielito lindo" ("My Sweetie")

8.) Categorize target language and culture information by relating it to a corresponding school subject area.

Examples:

- llama from Argentina--geography,

- rain forest in Costa Rica--science,

- word cognates--English language arts,

- addition and subtraction problems--mathematics

9.) Identify words common to both the target language and to English, including cognates and borrowed words.

Examples:

- cognates--astronauta and astronaut, Haus and house;

- borrowed words--le weekend and the weekend, los jeans and the jeans

10.) Compare authentic materials of the target culture to their own.

Examples: hats--Mexican hat to cowboy hat, French beret to baseball cap

11.) Name professions that benefit from proficiency in the target language.

Examples: physicians, firefighters, policemen

12.) Organize an activity using authentic target language resources.

Example: creating an itinerary for an imaginary trip to a target language country


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 6 - 8, Modern Languages, 2006

1.) Use formal and informal expressions to communicate in the target language.

•  Giving oral and written instructions in the target language
•  Expressing opinions and feelings in the target language
Example: I like soccer.

•  Describing personality traits and physical characteristics in the target language
Examples:

- personality traits--My sister is friendly., Christopher Columbus is famous.;

- physical characteristics--Ricky Martin is handsome., My dog is brown.

•  Utilizing idiomatic expressions of the target language
Examples:

llover a cántaros--to rain cats and dogs,

Coûter les yeux de la tête.--It costs an arm and a leg.,

Hunger haben--to be hungry

2.) Interpret target language gestures, intonation, and visual clues.

Examples: hand signals, voice inflections, facial expressions

3.) Identify the main idea of nonfiction texts, including target language newspaper and magazine advertisements.

4.) Create presentations in the target language.

Examples: bulletin board displays, short plays, skits, video recordings

5.) Explain cultural practices of a target culture.

Examples: celebrations, games, recreational activities

6.) Identify trends found in various aspects of a target language culture.

Examples: fashion, music, dance, movies

7.) Identify major historic, scientific, and artistic target culture contributions or events.

Examples:

- historic--Napoleon Bonaparte and the Battle of Waterloo,

- scientific--Louis Pasteur and pasteurization,

- artistic--Ludwig von Beethoven and Symphony No. 5

8.) Relate vocabulary of the target language to vocabulary of other subject areas.

Example: recognizing the prefix bi, meaning two, in the Spanish word bicicleta and in the English word bicycle

9.) Use spoken and written language to reflect knowledge of grammatical differences between English and the target language.

Examples: formal and informal address, gender

10.) Identify critical sound distinctions of the target language and of English that must be mastered to communicate meaning.

Examples:

papa--potato, papá--daddy;

- read--present tense, read--past tense

11.) Compare verbal and nonverbal behavior of the target culture to the culture of the United States.

Examples:

- verbal--terms of endearment such as mon petit chou and sweetie, and felicitations such as ¡Bravo! and Hurrah!;

- nonverbal--bowing and shaking hands

12.) Create presentations about the target culture for various audiences.

Examples: classroom presentations, simple skits and songs for school and community presentations


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, American Sign Language Level I, 2006

1.) Use the target language in the present time frame, including salutations, farewells, expressions of courtesy, likes, dislikes, feelings, emotions, agreement, disagreement, requests, descriptions, sequenced information, and cultural references where appropriate to interact in a variety of situations.

2.) Recognize basic physical and linguistic features of the target language used in common words and phrases.

Examples:

- physical features--nonmanual grammatical signals, hand dominance, parameters, body movement;

- linguistic features--classifiers; nouns versus verbs; temporal aspect; basic sentences involving negation, questions, and comments

•  Responding to basic instructions and questions
3.) Identify main ideas and designated facts from signed narratives about familiar topics presented in the present time frame.

4.) Create brief presentations in the target language about everyday topics using familiar and newly acquired vocabulary words and phrases and correct structure in the present time frame.

Examples: short autobiographies, descriptions of daily and leisure activities

5.) Read aloud proverbs, short poems, and songs in the target language using appropriate syntax and grammar, facial expression, and body movement.

6.) Use appropriate nonverbal behavior in a variety of social situations and familiar settings.

Examples: personal space, hugging, eye contact, signals for gaining attention, nonmanual grammatical signals

7.) Identify tangible and intangible products of a target culture, including symbols and expressive art forms.

Examples:

- tangible--teletypewriter for the Deaf (TTY), videophone, signaling devices;

- intangible--ABC stories, literature, relay services

8.) Identify information common to other school subjects and the target language community, including history, the arts, physical education, and science.

Examples:

- history--settlement of Martha's Vineyard;

- arts--Douglas Tilden, National Theater for the Deaf, Henry Kisor;

- physical education--creation of the huddle, umpire signals;

- science--deaf and hard of hearing scientists and their scientific works

9.) Identify similarities and differences between signed words and phrases and their parameters, including hand shape, palm orientation, movement, location, and nonmanual grammatical signals.

10.) Compare customs of the target culture to those of other minority deaf cultures, including celebrations and traditions.

Examples:

- celebrations--Gallaudet Day and Deaf Awareness Day in the United States and "Learn to Sign Week" in England;

- traditions--greater number of residential schools in the United States, differences in sporting events, greater number of Deaf Club memberships in other countries

11.) Identify typical cultural activities and events of the target language community.

Examples: Deaf Awareness Day, sporting events, signed performances

12.) Identify situations and resources in which target language skills and cultural knowledge may be applied beyond the classroom setting.

Examples:

- situations--need for interpreters in businesses, courts, hospitals, and performances;

- resources--print media, entertainment, technology


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, American Sign Language Level II, 2006

1.) Use learned target language vocabulary and phrases, including giving and responding to a series of commands, asking and answering questions, providing directions and instructions, and stating preferences and opinions to interact in a variety of situations.

2.) Interpret culturally authentic narratives in the target language about new and familiar topics.

•  Identifying specific linguistic aspects of American Sign Language
Examples: lexicalized signs, multiple meanings, plurals, time indicators

•  Identifying story structure
Examples: setting, plot, characters, conflict

•  Responding to prediction questions
3.) Create short presentations in the target language on a variety of topics using familiar and newly acquired vocabulary words and phrases and correct syntax and grammar.

Examples: skits, ABC stories, classifier stories, original poems, commercials

4.) Recite from memory skits, poems, short narratives, or songs in the target language using appropriate spacing, basic classifiers, and nonmanual grammatical signals.

5.) Describe social practices within cultures where the target language is used.

Examples: club events, sporting events, celebrations, traditions

6.) Explain basic social, economic, and political institutions of the target culture.

Examples:

- social--Deaf Clubs;

- economic--National Fraternal Society of the Deaf (NFSD);

- political--World Federation of the Deaf (WFD), National Association of the Deaf (NAD)

7.) Relate information learned in other school subjects, including political issues, social issues, and educational concerns, to the target culture.

Examples:

- political issues--Civil Rights Act, Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), public policy;

- social issues--oral-sign communication, cochlear implants;

- educational concerns--residential versus inclusion, Deaf Child Bill of Rights

8.) Compare vocabulary usage, grammatical structures, and idiomatic expressions of the target language with other signed systems and with English.

9.) Compare social interactions in a variety of cultural settings with those of the target culture.

Examples: maintaining eye contact, pointing, hugging, touching

10.) Describe typical activities and events of the target language community.

Examples: performances, sporting events, Deaf Club meetings, residential alumni meetings, pageants

11.) Communicate in a variety of ways with speakers of the target language on topics of interest.

Examples: writing letters and e-mail correspondence, conducting interviews


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, American Sign Language Level III, 2006

1.) Use the target language, including exchanging ideas, restating or paraphrasing, explaining, and giving cause to interact in a variety of settings.

Examples: dialogues, retells, impromptu role plays, articles on current events

2.) Interpret culturally authentic presentations in the target language about familiar and unfamiliar topics to determine main ideas and supporting details.

•  Identifying complex sentence structures and clauses
Example: rhetorical, conditional, and relative clauses

•  Identifying characters in relation to space and location
3.) Create presentations in the target language on a variety of topics using familiar and newly acquired vocabulary words and phrases and correct structure.

Examples: advertisements, speeches, poems, ABC and classifier stories

4.) Analyze information learned about the perspectives and practices of the target culture to describe patterns of behavior typically associated with other target language cultures.

5.) Describe the global influences of historic events, political structures, economic factors, and artistic expressions of the target culture.

Examples:

- historic events--Milan Manifesto and the 1880 oral-only vote;

- political structures--influence on other countries of the Deaf Child Bill of Rights;

- economic factors--Deaf adults immigrating to the United States in search of career opportunities;

- artistic expressions--Deaf Way Conference at Gallaudet University where Deaf artists from around the world were first brought together to share their expertise

6.) Apply information learned in other school subject areas to information learned from target language materials.

Examples: information on hazards and hearing loss in health education programs, advocacy awareness information learned in social studies programs, language literacy gained from English language arts programs

7.) Identify the complex linguistic elements of the target language as they relate to English.

Examples: relative clauses, embedded clauses, spatial relationships

•  Identifying examples of ways in which language and meaning do not transfer directly from one language to another
Examples: to be rarely used in American Sign Language, no written form of American Sign Language

•  Identifying examples that show how vocabulary, linguistic structures, and tense usage in the target language differ from those of English
Example: American Sign Language--TOUCH FINISH, NEW-YORK and English--I have been to New York.

8.) Identify similarities and differences that exist within the American Sign Language culture and other Deaf cultures.

•  Describing influences of events and issues on the relationship between target cultures
•  Comparing social conventions of target cultures
•  Comparing aspects of target cultures, including language, values, and types of recreation
Examples: regional sign differences, degree of hearing loss and its effect on interactions, intermarriage, technology

9.) Explain the origins of typical activities and events of the target culture community.

Examples: political and historic events--"Deaf President Now," a 1988 week-long strike by Gallaudet students resulting in the appointment of a deaf president and restructuring of the Board of Regents

10.) Apply language skills and cultural knowledge to access information for recreational, educational, and occupational purposes.

Examples:

- recreational--Deaf Olympics, sporting events;

- educational--National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID), Gallaudet University;

- occupational--Internet sites, job interviews


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, American Sign Language Level IV, 2006

1.) Apply the target language to support and defend opinions and preferences, to propose and support solutions to issues and problems, and to express needs and desires, including the use of circumlocution, body language, and other creative means to convey and comprehend messages in all time frames.

2.) Interpret complex materials in the target language using learned structures and tenses.

•  Interpreting humor, irony, simile, and metaphor in authentic prose and poetry selections
3.) Create original prose and poetry presentations in the target language using appropriate vocabulary and learned structures and time frames.

Examples: stories, poems, dramatizations

4.) Relate the role of historic events to the development of the target culture.

Examples: French influence on American Sign Language, Civil Rights Act and its influence on special education, debates of Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Gallaudet regarding oral versus manual approach

5.) Trace cultural developments of the target culture.

Examples: expressive art forms, contemporary or historical issues

6.) Describe linguistic features and literary styles of prose and poetry found in the target language and in English.

•  Identifying major deaf and hearing authors
Examples: Henry Kisor, Carol Padden, Leah Cohen, Cheryl Heppner

•  Identifying interpreted poetry and its English equivalent
Example: "The Raven" and "Jabberwocky"

•  Compare the complex elements of the target language and English.
Examples: vocabulary, linguistic features used to express various time frames and moods, figurative language, multiple meanings

8.) Describe similarities and differences that exist within a target culture.

•  Explaining how members of the target culture view the majority culture
•  Describing local, regional, and national differences of the target language
9.) Create authentic activities for a target culture event.

Examples: signed skits, songs, art displays

10.) Use language skills and cultural knowledge for practical life applications.

Examples: participating in Deaf Clubs or American Sign Language Clubs; attending local, regional, or state events sponsored by the Deaf community


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, Latin Level I, 2006

1.) Use Level I Latin grammar and syntax to read and write Latin.

Examples: first-, second-, and third-declension nouns; six cases and their uses, including nominative--subject and predicate nominative; genitive--possession; dative--indirect object, with special adjectives; accusative--direct object, object of prepositions, duration of time, extent of space; ablative--manner, means, agent, accompaniment, place where, object of preposition, time when, within which; vocative--noun of direct address; first-, second-, and third-declension adjectives; personal, reflexive, relative, demonstrative, and interrogative pronouns; six tenses of verbs, four conjugations, active and passive voice, sum, possum; imperatives; present and perfect tense infinitives; vocabulary learned in the dictionary format

2.) Respond orally to simple Latin sentences and phrases.

3.) Use correct pronunciation to read Latin sentences and phrases.

4.) Describe elements of Roman daily life.

Examples: calendar, religion, government, social organization, food, clothing, architecture, entertainment, recreation

5.) Describe the most important Greco-Roman deities, including their characteristics, duties, and associated myths.

Examples: Olympian gods, earth gods, mythical monsters, creation stories

6.) Locate historically important cities and major geographical features of Italy and western Europe.

Examples:

- cities--Rome, Pompeii, Capua, Ostia, Brundisium;

- geographical features--Tiber, Arno, Po, Appian Way, Etruria, Britannia, Gallia, Germania, Graecia, Mare Nostrum, Aegean Sea, Adriatic Sea, Alps

7.) Identify Latin influences on other disciplines.

Examples:

- mathematics--Roman numerals, prefixes in metric system;

- science--terminology used in anatomy, names of planets used in astronomy

8.) Identify evidence of contributions of Roman civilization and language to diverse cultures.

Examples: Roman architectural sites in the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe; artistic interpretation of classical themes during the Renaissance

9.) Recognize Latin derivatives, cognates, and language patterns, including mottoes, phrases, and abbreviations used in English.

10.) Identify similarities of the culture of the United States to that of the Roman world, including architecture, daily life, and themes and heroes of classical mythology.

11.) List professional fields that employ Latin terminology.

Examples: medical, legal, pharmacological, mathematical, scientific


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, Latin Level II, 2006

1.) Use Level II Latin grammar and syntax to read and write Latin passages.

Examples: fourth- and fifth-declension nouns and case usage, including genitive--partitive, description, object of certain adjectives and verbs, with causa or gratia to show purpose; dative--object of special verbs and compound verbs, purpose, reference, possession, dative of agent; accusative--place to which, subject of the indirect statement, with ad to show purpose; ablative--absolute, causal, object of deponent verbs, description, comparison, separation, respect, place from which, degree of difference; locative; indefinite and intensive pronouns; comparison of adjectives and adverbs; uses of quam with comparison of adjectives; irregular verbs, deponent verbs, participles, three tenses active and passive infinitives, four uses of infinitives, gerunds, gerundives, active and passive periphrastic, indirect statement; present and imperfect tenses of the subjunctive, volitive subjunctive, purpose, result subjunctive clauses; vocabulary learned in the dictionary format

2.) Answer questions demonstrating comprehension and interpretation of Latin phrases and passages.

3.) Recite passages in Latin using correct pronunciation and proper phrasing.

Examples: United States Pledge of Allegiance in Latin, introduction to Caesar's De Bello Gallico

4.) Explain the significance of people, events, and political terms in Roman history.

Examples:

- people--early heroes, Sulla, Marius, Pompey, Caesar, Antony, Octavian, Constantine, Justinian;

- events--founding of Rome by Etruscans, plebeian struggle, Punic Wars, civil wars;

- political terms--monarchy, republic, laws, political parties, cursus honorum, First and Second Triumvirates

5.) Explain differences in the actions of legendary Roman heroes and those of historical Roman figures.

Example: actions of Marius, Sulla, Cicero, and Cincinnatus

6.) Locate historically important cities, countries, and geographical features of the ancient Mediterranean world.

Examples:

- cities--Carthage, Troy, Alexandria, Athens, Delphi, Constantinople;

- countries--division of Gaul, Phoenicia, Magna Graecia, Crete, Sicily;

- geographical features--Rubicon, Po, Nile, Rhine, Alps, Pyrenees

7.) Describe Latin influences on other disciplines, including English and Romance languages, history, and philosophy.

Examples: influence of Epicurean and Stoic philosophies on contemporary ideas and literature, current study of Julius Caesar's military tactics

8.) Describe the influences of Roman history on today's world.

Examples: television series Rome; the movies Gladiator, Cleopatra, and Troy; archeological discoveries

9.) Compare language patterns of Latin and English.

Example: describing differences in expressions of indirect statements in Latin and English

10.) Utilize Latin prefixes, suffixes, and roots to expand English vocabulary.

Examples: recall, advocate, admit, absent

11.) Compare the geography and social, political, legal, military, and economic systems of the Roman world to systems of the modern world.

Example: comparing a map of the Roman Empire to a contemporary map of the world

12.) Identify ways the study of Latin is beneficial to the study of other languages.

Example: similarities among the Latin word homo, the Spanish word hombre, and the French word l'homme


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, Latin Level III, 2006

1.) Use Level III Latin grammar and syntax to read original works by authors of Latin prose and to write Latin prose.

Examples:

- grammar and syntax--supine, diminutive, correlatives, enclitics, syncopated verb forms, impersonal verbs; rhetorical figures, including anaphora, hyperbole, chiasmus, polysyndeton, asyndeton, simile, litotes; perfect and pluperfect subjunctive, independent subjunctives, conditional sentences, subordinate subjunctive clauses, including cum clauses, anticipatory, fearing, indirect question, indirect command, substantive result clause, characteristic, relative result, proviso, clause of comparison, doubting, hindrance, subjunctive by attraction, subordinate clause in indirect statements; vocabulary learned in the dictionary format;

- authors of Latin prose--Caesar, Cicero, Pliny, Sallust, Livy

2.) Analyze the style of Latin prose authors to comprehend content.

Examples: describing the tone of a passage from Cicero, explaining the use of rhetorical devices in speeches by Cicero

3.) Recite memorized original Latin prose.

4.) Describe Roman values and perspectives recorded in prose.

Example: values of pietas and gravitas found in the writings of Pliny

5.) Analyze figures in Roman history to determine their cultural significance.

Examples: Cicero, Pliny the Elder, Pliny the Younger, Sallust, Catiline, Seneca, the Gracchi, Plautus, Terence, Livy, Tacitus

6.) Contrast the ideals of Roman political factions in the first century B.C.

Example: conflict between Cicero and Catiline

7.) Analyze early Roman heroes to identify their influence on American history.

Example: describing the influence of Cincinnatus on George Washington

8.) Describe the influence of themes in Roman prose on Western art and literature.

Example: Jacques-Louis David's Oath of the Horatii

9.) Analyze selected Roman prose to describe its influence in today's world of diverse cultures.

Example: use of phrases such as "O tempora, O mores" in modern context

10.) Analyze the structure of Roman rhetoric and its influence on contemporary rhetorical styles.

Example: comparing one of Cicero's orations to Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech

11.) Compare the style of Roman prose authors to that used in contemporary history and politics.

12.) Compare issues that reveal cultural similarities between the ancient world and modern cultures.

Examples: Sallust's account of the 63 B.C. senate debate on capital punishment and the modern debate on capital punishment, Cicero's consternation regarding the appropriate punishment of insurgent citizens and the current debate on the Patriot Act

13.) Identify English derivatives of Latin words commonly used in Latin prose.

Examples: avarice, vulgar, suspicion, perdition


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, Latin Level IV, 2006

1.) Use Level IV Latin grammar and syntax to read original works by authors of Latin poetry.

Examples:

- grammar and syntax--supine, diminutive, correlatives, enclitics, syncopated verb forms, impersonal verbs; rhetorical figures, including anaphora, hyperbole, chiasmus, polysyndeton, asyndeton, simile, litotes; perfect and pluperfect subjunctive, independent subjunctives, conditional sentences, subordinate subjunctive clauses, including cum clauses, anticipatory, fearing, indirect question, indirect command, substantive result clause, characteristic, relative result, proviso, clause of comparison, doubting, hindrance, subjunctive by attraction, subordinate clause in indirect statements; vocabulary learned in the dictionary format;

- authors of Latin poetry--Vergil, Ovid, Horace, Catullus

2.) Analyze the style of Latin poets to comprehend content.

Example: describing how the meter of a poem affects its meaning

3.) Identify metrical patterns by scanning selected Latin poetry.

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4.) Recite memorized original Latin poetry.

Examples: Catullus' 5 ("Vivamus, mea Lesbia, atque amemus"), Horace's 1.11 ("Carpe Diem")

5.) Describe Roman values and perspectives in poetry.

Example: Epicurean and Stoic philosophies

6.) Explain the significance of Roman poets.

Examples: Vergil, Horace, Ovid, Catullus, Martial, patron Maecenas

7.) Compare actions and character traits of Roman heroes to actions and character traits of heroes of other periods in history.

Examples: Vergil's Aeneas and George Washington, Ovid's Daedalus and Leonardo da Vinci

8.) Analyze Roman poets to determine their influence on art and literature throughout history.

Example: Ovid's influence on Gianlorenzo Bernini's sculptural rendition of Daphne and Apollo, William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, and Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story

9.) Describe the influence of themes in Roman poetry on Western art and literature.

Example: Ovid's tale of Orpheus and Eurydice as interpreted in the modern Brazilian film Black Orpheus

10.) Identify phrases used in English and their origins in Latin literature.

Examples: "vanish into thin air," "hair stands on end," and "voice sticks in your throat" originating in Vergil's The Aeneid

11.) Compare universal themes found in Roman poetry to artistic renditions of other time periods and cultures.

Example: themes of love and hate in different versions of Catullus' "Odi et amo" and works by English poets Abraham Cowley (1667), Ezra Pound (1972), and Gary Wills (contemporary)

12.) Identify English derivatives of Latin words commonly used in Latin poetry.

Examples: urbane, amorous, incantation, Occident


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, Modern Languages Level I, 2006

1.) Recognize target language words and phrases spoken in context.

Examples: basic commands, classroom objects, cognates

•  Using the target language in oral and written form in the present time frame, including salutations, farewells, expressions of courtesy, likes, dislikes, feelings, emotions, agreement, disagreement, requests, descriptions, sequenced information, and cultural references where appropriate to interact in a variety of situations
•  Responding to basic instructions and questions
2.) Interpret basic oral and written information in the target language on a variety of topics in the present time frame.

•  Identifying main ideas with some details
•  Guessing words and phrases based on context
3.) Present oral and written information in the target language using familiar vocabulary and correct structure in the present time frame.

•  Expressing main ideas from print and nonprint materials
•  Creating brief oral presentations and short written paragraphs
•  Telling basic information about self and others
Examples: short autobiographies, descriptions of daily and leisure activities

4.) Read aloud proverbs, short poems, and songs in the target language with appropriate pronunciation and intonation.

5.) Use appropriate target language vocabulary and nonverbal behavior in a variety of social situations and familiar settings.

Examples:

- verbal--greetings, voice inflections;

- nonverbal--personal space

6.) Identify tangible and intangible products of a target culture, including symbols and expressive art forms.

Examples:

- tangible--food, clothing, paintings, flags;

- intangible--national anthems, religion

7.) Identify other subject-area topics that relate to topics discussed in the target language class.

Example: cultural influence of explorers and settlers in various regions of the world

•  Locating major countries, cities, and geographical features of places where the target language is spoken
•  Identifying examples of vocabulary words and phrases, proverbs, and symbols from the target language that relate to other disciplines
Examples: currency symbols, capitalization and punctuation, dates

8.) Identify similarities and differences between words in the target language and in English, including pronunciation, intonation, stress patterns, and simple written conventions of language.

9.) Compare holidays and celebrations of a target culture with those of the United States.

10.) Identify typical activities and events of a target culture.

Examples: celebrations, concerts, exhibits

11.) Identify situations and resources in which target language skills and cultural knowledge may be applied beyond the classroom setting.

Examples:

- situations--hospital patient and medical staff relationships, international business meetings, courtroom hearings;

- resources--news media, entertainment, technology, international guests


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, Modern Languages Level II, 2006

1.) Use the target language in oral and written form in the past time frame, including giving and responding to a series of commands, asking and answering questions, providing directions and instructions, and stating preferences and opinions to interact in a variety of situations.

2.) Interpret spoken and written authentic target language materials and information on familiar topics.

•  Recognizing main ideas and important details in expository texts
•  Identifying the sequence of events in narrative texts
3.) Create oral and written presentations in the target language about a variety of topics using familiar and newly acquired vocabulary words and phrases and correct structure in the past time frame.

Example: describing school, holidays, and events

4.) Recite from memory skits, poems, short narratives, or songs in the target language, using appropriate pronunciation and intonation.

5.) Describe practices within the cultures where the target language is spoken.

Examples: religious and holiday celebrations, eating customs

6.) Explain the influences of geography on a target culture, including food, clothing, dwellings, transportation, and the arts.

Example:

- food--bouillabaisse and other seafood dishes prepared in coastal regions;

- dwellings--climate-dictated construction such as thatch roofs, houses on stilts, and stucco walls;

- arts--wood from the Black Forest used in crafting cuckoo clocks

7.) Compare information common to other school subjects and to the target language.

Examples: metric system, cognates, historical figures, artists, musicians, current events

8.) Compare vocabulary usage, grammatical structures, and idiomatic expressions of a target language with English.

9.) Compare traditions and social conventions of a target culture to one's own.

10.) Describe typical activities and events of a target culture.

Examples: sports, regional performances, holidays

11.) Communicate in a variety of ways with speakers of the target language on topics of interest.

Examples: writing letters, conducting interviews


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, Modern Languages Level III, 2006

1.) Use the target language in oral and written form in the future time frame to exchange ideas, paraphrase, explain, and give cause.

Examples: discussions, notes, letters, e-mail, impromptu role plays, articles on current events

2.) Interpret culturally authentic oral and written texts in the target language about familiar and unfamiliar topics presented in the future time frame to determine main ideas and supporting details.

3.) Use the target language to create oral and written presentations on a variety of topics using familiar vocabulary and learned structures and time frames.

Examples: editorials, advertisements, résumés, speeches, journals, short stories, poems

4.) Analyze information learned about the perspectives and practices of a target culture to describe patterns of behavior typically associated with those cultures.

Examples: teenage dating, mealtimes

5.) Describe the global influence of historic events, political structures, economic factors, and artistic expressions of a target culture.

Examples:

- historic events--tearing down the Berlin Wall,

- political structures--Communism,

- economic factors--Columbian exchange of goods between the Americas and Europe,

- artistic expressions--French Impressionism

6.) Describe connections between other school subjects and a target culture.

Examples: social studies and the study of indigenous peoples such as Aztecs, Incas, and Mayas; English language arts and the study of translations of prose and poetry works by foreign authors; science and the study of contributions by international scientists such as Madame Curie and Albert Einstein

7.) Identify the complex linguistic elements of the target language as they relate to English.

•  Identifying examples of ways in which language and meaning do not transfer directly from one language to another
Example: false cognates

•  Identifying examples that show how vocabulary, linguistic structures, and tense usage in the target language differ from those of English
Examples: declensions, conjugations

8.) Describe similarities and differences that exist within target cultures, including language, clothing, foods, dwellings, recreation, and social conventions.

Examples: dialect versus standard language, German versus Austrian foods

9.) Explain origins of typical activities and events of a target culture.

Examples:festivals such as Oktoberfest, religious celebrations such as the Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe, national holidays such as Bastille Day

10.) Apply language skills and cultural knowledge for recreational, educational, and occupational purposes.

Examples: traveling abroad, participating in language competitions, reading for pleasure, listening to authentic radio and television broadcasts


Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, Modern Languages Level IV, 2006

1.) Apply the target language in oral and written form in all time frames to express needs and desires, to support and defend opinions and preferences, and to propose and support solutions to issues and problems, including the use of circumlocution, body language, and other creative means to convey and comprehend messages.

2.) Interpret complex oral and written materials in the target language, incorporating learned structures and time frames.

•  Interpreting humor, irony, simile, and metaphor in authentic prose and poetry selections
3.) Create original prose and poetry in the target language using appropriate vocabulary and learned structures and time frames.

Examples: essays, stories, poems, dramatizations, letters with advice or suggestions

4.) Relate the role of geography to the history and development of a target culture.

5.) Trace cultural developments of a target culture.

Examples: expressive art forms, contemporary or historical issues

6.) Describe current issues pertaining to a target culture and to another school subject.

Example: social studies--democracy versus socialism, United States educational expectations versus target culture expectations, American dollar versus Euro currency

7.) Compare the complex elements of the target language and English.

Examples: vocabulary, colloquial phrases, linguistic features used to express various time frames and moods

8.) Compare social, economic, and political perspectives of a target culture to those of the United States, including stereotypical viewpoints.

9.) Create authentic cultural activities for a target culture event.

Examples: dance performances, fairs, virtual tours

10.) Utilize language skills and cultural knowledge to demonstrate practical life applications.

Examples: communicating with a pen pal, writing college admission essays, completing job applications

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