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Science, Grade 9 - 12, Forensic Science Elective, 2005

1.) Describe responsibilities of various personnel involved in crime scene investigations.

Examples: police, detectives, laboratory specialists, medical examiners

•  Explaining how to search, sketch, and record data from a crime scene
2.) Explain ways to collect and preserve evidence from a crime scene.

•  Distinguishing between physical evidence and witness evidence
•  Comparing the three main pattern types that combine to form an individual's unique fingerprint
•  Explaining different methods of latent fingerprint development
•  Identifying origins of impressions, including footwear and tire treads
•  Describing ways to identify hair, fiber, and blood evidence
3.) Distinguish between class and individual characteristics of firearms.

Examples: toolmark, caliber, scatter pattern

4.) Describe presumptive and confirmatory tests.

Examples: blood type comparison, DNA testing

5.) Describe the importance of genetic information to forensics.

•  Using the process of gel electrophoresis to identify patterns in DNA
6.) Describe the decomposition process.

•  Using rigor mortis to determine corpse position
•  Identifying decomposition by-products to determine cause of death
•  Using entomological life cycles to determine time of death
7.) Identify the importance of skeletal remains in forensics.

•  Comparing bones and skulls based on age, sex, and race
•  Using forensic dentistry to establish identity
8.) Describe general categories of drugs and poisons and their effects on humans.

•  Explaining ways poisons are detected at autopsy
9.) Use laws of physics to explain forensic evidence.

•  Analyzing blood splatter patterns in relation to speed, height, and direction
•  Tracking trajectories of collected evidence
10.) Describe techniques used to determine the validity of documents.

Examples: fiber and handwriting analyses, ink chromatography

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