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Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 11
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 9
Podcasts: 1
Web Resources: 1
1.) Describe Earth's layers, including the lithosphere, asthenosphere, outer core, and inner core.

•  Identifying methods for determining the composition of Earth's lithosphere
Example: collection and analysis of rocks and minerals

•  Describing the composition of Earth's lithosphere
Example: granitic and basaltic rocks

•  Relating the types of lithosphere to tectonic plates
Examples: granitic lithosphere with continental plates, basaltic lithosphere with oceanic plates

•  Comparing the temperature, density, and composition of Earth's crust to that of the mantle and outer and inner cores
Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 9
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 7
Podcasts: 0
Web Resources: 2
2.) Relate the concept of equilibrium to geological processes, including plate tectonics and stream flow.

Examples: stream channel on a slope, movement of tectonic plates, convection within Earth

Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 20
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 14
Podcasts: 4
Web Resources: 2
3.) Explain natural phenomena that shape the surface of Earth, including rock cycles, plate motions and interactions, erosion and deposition, volcanism, earthquakes, weathering, and tides.

Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 7
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 6
Podcasts: 1
Web Resources: 0
4.) Describe the topography of the sea floor and the continents.

•  Describing the formation of continental shelves
•  Explaining changes of continental topography caused by erosion and uplift
Example: formation of southern Appalachian Mountains in Alabama

Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 9
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 7
Podcasts: 1
Web Resources: 1
5.) Classify rocks as sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic.

•  Identifying characteristics of extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks
•  Describing mineral composition and chemical elements of rocks
•  Describing characteristics of clastic, organic, and chemical sedimentary rocks
•  Explaining texture and composition of rocks
Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 5
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 5
Podcasts: 0
Web Resources: 0
6.) Explain the concept of geological time within the framework of the geologic time scale.

•  Describing how sedimentary rocks provide a record of evolutionary change
•  Describing the role of fossils in determining the age of strata
•  Identifying geological time scales, including eon, era, period, and epoch
•  Identifying relative and absolute dating methods
Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 11
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 7
Podcasts: 3
Web Resources: 1
7.) Describe processes of rock formation.

Examples: cooling, deposition

•  Explaining factors that control texture and composition of rocks
Examples: formation depth, formation size, chemical composition

•  Describing processes of fossil formation
Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 3
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 2
Podcasts: 1
Web Resources: 0
8.) Explain interactions among topography, climate, organic activity, time, and parent material through which soils are created.

Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 3
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 2
Podcasts: 0
Web Resources: 1
9.) Describe the movement and storage of water in terms of watersheds, rainfall, surface runoff, aquifers, and surface water reservoirs.

•  Identifying major regional and national watersheds
Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 11
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 7
Podcasts: 2
Web Resources: 2
10.) Explain the mechanism of plate tectonics.

•  Explaining processes that cause earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
•  Identifying Earth's main tectonic plates
•  Describing faults and folds and their relationships to tectonic forces
•  Describing technologies used to measure and forecast earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 4
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 2
Podcasts: 2
Web Resources: 0
11.) Identify mass movements, including topples, slides, spreads, and flows.

Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 0
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 0
Podcasts: 0
Web Resources: 0
12.) Identify natural subsurface openings, including lava tubes, solution cavities, and caves.

•  Explaining the process that leads to sinkholes in karst development
Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 1
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 1
Podcasts: 0
Web Resources: 0
13.) Describe the formation and characteristics of river systems.

•  Explaining the formation of alluvial fans
•  Identifying natural events and man-made structures that affect rivers
Examples:

- natural events—weather, construction of dams by beavers;

- man-made structures—levees, dams

Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 4
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 3
Podcasts: 0
Web Resources: 1
14.) Explain the interaction of the continuous processes of waves, tides, and winds with the coastal environment.

•  Identifying the impact of periodic weather phenomena on coastal regions
Examples: hurricanes destroying sand dunes, El Niño or La Niña redefining shorelines

•  Identifying the positive and negative impact of humans on coastal regions
Examples:

- positive—shoreline protection,

- negative—buildings replacing protective dunes and barriers

Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Geology Elective
All Resources: 2
Learning Assets: 0
Lesson Plans: 1
Podcasts: 1
Web Resources: 0
15.) Identify geological regions in Alabama and the southeastern United States.

•  Identifying geological ages of Alabama rocks
•  Describing characteristics of geological regions within Alabama
•  Identifying earthquake zones in Alabama
•  Identifying types of rocks in Alabama
•  Identifying areas of Alabama that have sinkholes and caves
•  Identifying varying seasonal rainfall patterns throughout Alabama
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