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Credit Recovery Science, Grade 9 - 12, Genetics Elective, 2005

1.) Explain how the Hardy-Weinberg principle provides a baseline for recognizing evolutionary changes in gene frequency due to genetic drift, gene flow, nonrandom mating, mutation, and natural selection.

2.) Describe factors such as radiation, chemicals, and chance that cause mutations in populations.

•  Describing effects of genetic variability on adaptations
3.) Describe the significance of Mendel's work to the development of the modern science of genetics, including the laws of segregation and independent assortment.

4.) Describe the process of meiosis and the cell cycle, including the hereditary significance of each.

•  Comparing spermatogenesis and oogenesis using charts
5.) Describe inheritance patterns based on gene interactions.

•  Predicting patterns of heredity using pedigree analysis
•  Identifying incomplete dominance, codominance, and multiple allelism
6.) Describe occurrences and effects of sex linkage, autosomal linkage, crossover, multiple alleles, and polygenes.

7.) Describe the structure and function of DNA, including replication, translation, and transcription.

•  Applying the genetic code to predict amino acid sequence
•  Describing methods cells use to regulate gene expression
•  Defining the role of RNA in protein synthesis
8.) Explain the structure of eukaryotic chromosomes, including transposons, introns, and exons.

9.) Differentiate among major areas in modern biotechnology, including plant, animal, microbial, forensic, and marine.

Examples: hybridization, cloning, insulin production, DNA profiling, bioremediation

•  Describing techniques used with recombinant DNA
Examples: DNA sequencing, isolation of DNA segments, polymerase chain reaction, gel electrophoresis

10.) Explain the development and purpose of the Human Genome Project.

•  Analyzing results of the Human Genome Project to predict ethical, social, and legal implications
•  Describing medical uses of gene therapy, including vaccines and tissue and antibody engineering
11.) Describe the replication of DNA and RNA viruses, including lytic and lysogenic cycles, using diagrams.

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