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Science, Grade 9 - 12, Zoology Elective, 2005

1.) Define basic anatomical terminology associated with the study of animals.

Examples: dorsal, superior, plantar, caudal, aboral

2.) Distinguish among the acoelomate, pseudocoelomate, and coelomate body plans.

3.) Identify the body symmetry of animals as radial, bilateral, or asymmetrical.

4.) Use taxonomic groupings to differentiate the structure and physiology of invertebrates with dichotomous keys.

•  Identifying examples and characteristics of Porifera
•  Identifying examples and characteristics of Cnidaria
•  Identifying examples and characteristics of Mollusca
•  Identifying examples and characteristics of worms, including Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, and Annelida
•  Identifying examples, characteristics, and life cycles of Arthropoda
•  Identifying examples and characteristics of Echinodermata
5.) Use taxonomic groupings to differentiate structure and physiology of vertebrates with dichotomous keys.

•  Identifying examples and characteristics of the three classes of fish
•  Identifying examples and characteristics of Amphibia
•  Identifying examples and characteristics of Reptilia
•  Identifying examples and characteristics of Aves
•  Identifying examples and characteristics of Mammalia
6.) Identify factors used to distinguish species, including behavioral differences and reproductive isolation.

7.) Explain how species adapt to changing environments to enhance survival and reproductive success, including changes in structure, behavior, or physiology.

Examples: aestivation, thicker fur, diurnal activity

8.) Differentiate among organisms that are threatened, endangered, and extinct.

Examples:

- threatened—bald eagle,

- endangered—California condor,

- extinct—dodo

•  Identifying causative factors of decreasing population size
Examples: overcrowding resulting in greater incidence of disease, fire destroying habitat and food sources

9.) Analyze a field study of animal behavior patterns to determine the relationship of these patterns to an animal's niche.

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