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Learning Resource Type

Classroom Resource

Designing Money

Subject Area

Social Studies


K, 1


In this learning activity, students research the history of American currency. Students discuss objects that were traded or bartered before the use of coins or paper money. Students take a closer look at the symbols in the Great Seal on paper money. Students design their own currency.

    Social Studies (2010) Grade(s): KG


    Identify symbols, customs, famous individuals, and celebrations representative of our state and nation. (Alabama)

    Unpacked Content



    • symbol
    • custom
    • famous
    • celebrations


    Students know:
    • Our state and nation has certain symbols that represent it and its people.
    • There are certain customs common to citizens of our state and nation.
    • There are celebrations common to the citizens of our state and nation.
    • There are certain individuals who are widely recognized as representatives of our state and nation.
    • Vocabulary: symbol, custom, celebrate, celebration, represent, representative, state, nation, Alabama, United States, pledge, allegiance


    Students are able to:
    • Identify various symbols of our state and nation, including the American flag, Alabama flag, bald eagle, etc.
    • Identify various customs of our state and nation, including reciting the "Pledge of Allegiance," singing the "Star Spangled Banner," etc.
    • Identify various famous individuals of our state and nation, including George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr., etc.
    • Identify various celebrations of our state and nation, including The Fourth of July, Memorial Day, Veterans Day, etc.


    Students understand that:
    • There are certain symbols, customs, celebrations, and famous individuals recognized by most citizens of our state and nation.
    Social Studies (2010) Grade(s): 1


    Describe the role of money in everyday life.

    Unpacked Content



    • money
    • needs
    • wants
    • saving
    • borrowing
    • buyers
    • sellers
    • specialized jobs
    • goods
    • services
    • barter
    • trade
    • spend
    • save


    Students know:
    • How money plays a role in everyday life.
    • The difference between goods and services (for example, goods- food, toys, clothing; services - medical care, fire protection, law enforcement, library resources).
    • How money is the primary way to make purchases.
    • How money is earned through working (for example, job, chores, etc.).
    • The difference between purchases of needs and wants within their family.
    • How people save and borrow money.
    • How to differentiate between a buyer and seller.
    • Vocabulary: money, needs, wants, saving, borrowing, buyers, sellers, specialized jobs, goods, services, barter, trade, spend, save


    Students are able to:
    • Recognize the primary role of money in everyday life.
    • Identify and describe needs and wants.
    • Describe saving and borrowing.
    • Describe buyers and sellers.
    • Describe the role specialized jobs play in the production of goods and services.
    • Identify and use appropriate vocabulary associated with the function of money (for example, barter, trade, spend, save).


    Students understand that:
    • Money plays a role in everyday life.
    • Families make purchases of needs and wants. Students understand the concept of saving and borrowing.
    • There is a difference between buyers and sellers.
    • We can classify the specialized jobs of workers with regard to production of goods and services.
    • There is an appropriate vocabulary to use to describe the function of money.
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    Learning Activity

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