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Learning Resource Type

Learning Activity

Comparing Apples to Apples: Part 3

Subject Area





In this activity, students will demonstrate their knowledge of more than, less than and equal to by creating sets that match the terms.

This activity results from the ALEX Resource Development Summit.

    Mathematics (2019) Grade(s): KG


    Orally identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater/more than, less/fewer than, or equal/the same as the number of objects in another group, in groups containing up to 10 objects, by using matching, counting, or other strategies.

    Unpacked Content



    • Compare
    • Greater than
    • More than
    • Less than
    • Fewer than
    • Equal


    Students know:
    • how to identify which number is larger and which number is smaller.
    • number word sequence.


    Students are able to:
    • Count sequentially.


    Students understand that:
    • a set of objects is either greater than, less than, or equal to another set of objects.


    Learning Objectives

    Learning Objectives

    Students will demonstrate knowledge of greater than, less than, and equal to by creating a set of objects that match the vocabulary terms.

    Activity Details

    1. Students will be given an "Apples to Apples Assessment Board" (or the teacher can give students a blank piece of paper and have students draw two trees).

    2. Students will then select two number cards or roll a dot cube two times to determine the numbers they will be using. Students will write one number in each tree (a white square has been provided for each number on the Assessment Board).

    3. Students will then cut out (or draw their own apples) and create a set of apples for each tree that matches each number.

    4. Students will then use the word cards more, less and equal to appropriately label each tree (glue more to the tree with more apples, less to tree with less apples, or equal between the trees if the amounts are the same). 

    Assessment Strategies

    Assessment Strategies

    As students work, the teacher can assess student learning by asking questions such as, "Which tree has more?" "Which tree has less?" "Are the trees the same?" "What can you tell me about the apples on your trees?" "How do you know which is more/less?"

    The teacher will identify if students have a strong understanding of the concept of more than, less than, and equal based on their answers to the questions.

    The teacher may also assess the completed student work to determine if they were able to correctly create sets that matched the numbers they chose as well as if they were able to correctly determine which labels to use on each tree.

    Variation Tips

    To decrease rigor, use cards with smaller numerals, cards with numeral + ten frame representation, or dot cube with smaller sets.

    To increase rigor, use numeral only cards or have students roll two dot cubes and add the numbers together to work with a larger numeral.

    Background and Preparation

    Background / Preparation

    Print Assessment Board for each student or gather paper for each student to draw trees on.

    Print Apple Pictures for each student (optional).

    Print sets of number cards for students to choose numbers from (can use set from the previous game if already prepared) or gather dot cubes.

    Print "more, less, equal" cards.

    Gather art supplies: scissors, glue, pencils, crayons.

    Digital Tools / Resources