**Title:** Heart Graphing

**Description:**
During this lesson students will complete hands-on activities.Technology will be incorporated with this lesson. Students will sort conversation heart candy by colors. Students will then use their data to complete picture graphs.
**Standard(s): **

[TC2] (0-2) 1: Identify basic parts of various technology systems.

**Subject:**Mathematics (K), or Technology Education (K - 2)

**Title:**Heart Graphing

**Description:**During this lesson students will complete hands-on activities.Technology will be incorporated with this lesson. Students will sort conversation heart candy by colors. Students will then use their data to complete picture graphs.

**Title:** "Bursting with Math"

**Description:**
Using "Starburst" jelly beans to sort, graph and add.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words *halves, thirds, half of, a third of*, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2-G3]

**Subject:**Mathematics (K - 2)

**Title:**"Bursting with Math"

**Description:**Using "Starburst" jelly beans to sort, graph and add.

**Title:** Congruent Figures

**Description:**
This lesson is an introduction to a unit about congruent shapes. Students will begin by listening to a book about shapes. They will then complete several hands-on activities, including sorting shapes, using their bodies to form congruent shapes, and using activities on the Internet to practice forming congruent shapes.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words *halves, thirds, half of, a third of*, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2-G3]

**Subject:**Mathematics (K - 2), or Technology Education (K - 2)

**Title:**Congruent Figures

**Description:**This lesson is an introduction to a unit about congruent shapes. Students will begin by listening to a book about shapes. They will then complete several hands-on activities, including sorting shapes, using their bodies to form congruent shapes, and using activities on the Internet to practice forming congruent shapes.

**Title:** Counting Backward from Ten

**Description:**
Students will be introduced in this lesson to the concept of orally counting backward from ten using a book, number cards, and the Internet.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [K-MD3]

**Subject:**Mathematics (K)

**Title:**Counting Backward from Ten

**Description:**Students will be introduced in this lesson to the concept of orally counting backward from ten using a book, number cards, and the Internet.

**Title:** It's Your Birthday, Dr. Seuss!

**Description:**
This lesson plan is intended to be used during the month of March when the class is preparing to celebrate Dr. Seuss Day. After listening to and reading different stories by Dr. Seuss, the students have opportunities to compare and contrast story elements through critical thinking and Venn diagrams.
**Standard(s): **

[ELA2015] (3) 3: Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events. [RL.3.3]

**Subject:**Character Education (K - 12), or English Language Arts (1 - 3), or Mathematics (K - 2), or Technology Education (K - 5)

**Title:**It's Your Birthday, Dr. Seuss!

**Description:**This lesson plan is intended to be used during the month of March when the class is preparing to celebrate Dr. Seuss Day. After listening to and reading different stories by Dr. Seuss, the students have opportunities to compare and contrast story elements through critical thinking and Venn diagrams.

**Title:** Fishy Addition!

**Description:**
In this lesson, students will use manipulatives to act out and solve simple addition problems.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [K-MD3]

**Subject:**Mathematics (K)

**Title:**Fishy Addition!

**Description:**In this lesson, students will use manipulatives to act out and solve simple addition problems.

**Title:** There's Magic In Green Eggs and Ham

**Description:**
As a part of a unit about Dr. Suess, students will learn about sequential order. Student understanding will be aided by the use of hands-on preparation of green eggs and ham, dictation, flannel board, sentence strips, and a living center.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 15: Directly compare two objects, with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has "more of" or "less of" the attribute, and describe the difference. [K-MD2]

**Subject:**English Language Arts (K), or Mathematics (K)

**Title:**There's Magic In Green Eggs and Ham

**Description:**As a part of a unit about Dr. Suess, students will learn about sequential order. Student understanding will be aided by the use of hands-on preparation of green eggs and ham, dictation, flannel board, sentence strips, and a living center.

**Title:** "Nuts" About Peanuts! (Reading)

**Description:**
The lesson will be implemented as part of a unit about plants. The students will learn about the growth cycle of a peanut and use a Five-Step Sequence Think-sheet to sequence the steps. They will also make predictions and complete activities to check their predictions/draw conclusions (including math skills of graphing and comparing). Student understanding will be enhanced with the use of books, class discussions, and the Internet.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2-MD10]

**Subject:**English Language Arts (1), or Mathematics (K - 2), or Credit Recovery Science (1), or Science (3), or Technology Education (K - 2)

**Title:**"Nuts" About Peanuts! (Reading)

**Description:**The lesson will be implemented as part of a unit about plants. The students will learn about the growth cycle of a peanut and use a Five-Step Sequence Think-sheet to sequence the steps. They will also make predictions and complete activities to check their predictions/draw conclusions (including math skills of graphing and comparing). Student understanding will be enhanced with the use of books, class discussions, and the Internet.

**Title:** Begin with Buttons: Looking Back and Moving Forward

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students review the work of the previous lessons through a variety of activity stations, one of which involves using an interactive Web site. Students model with buttons and record addition and subtraction.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 5: Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). [1-OA5]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Begin with Buttons: Looking Back and Moving Forward

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students review the work of the previous lessons through a variety of activity stations, one of which involves using an interactive Web site. Students model with buttons and record addition and subtraction.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Who's in the Fact Family?

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore the relation of addition to subtraction. Students use problem-solving skills to find fact families, including those in which one addend is zero or in which the addends are alike.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 8: Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers. [1-OA8]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Who's in the Fact Family?

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore the relation of addition to subtraction. Students use problem-solving skills to find fact families, including those in which one addend is zero or in which the addends are alike.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Calculating Patterns

**Description:**
In this eight lesson unit, from Illuminations, students represent patterns in different ways. They solve problems; make, explain, and defend conjectures; make generalizations; and extend and clarify their knowledge.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [K-MD3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Calculating Patterns

**Description:**In this eight lesson unit, from Illuminations, students represent patterns in different ways. They solve problems; make, explain, and defend conjectures; make generalizations; and extend and clarify their knowledge.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Sampling Rocks

**Description:**
The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is for students to learn about sampling through an investigation of rocks found in the schoolyard. In this lesson, students collect and analyze a sampling of rocks from the schoolyard. They sort the collected rocks by characteristics such as size, weight, and color, to see if any generalizations can be made about the types of rocks that can be found in the schoolyard.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 19: Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and three-sided) versus non-defining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes. [1-G1]

**Subject:**Mathematics, Science

**Title:**Sampling Rocks

**Description:**The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is for students to learn about sampling through an investigation of rocks found in the schoolyard. In this lesson, students collect and analyze a sampling of rocks from the schoolyard. They sort the collected rocks by characteristics such as size, weight, and color, to see if any generalizations can be made about the types of rocks that can be found in the schoolyard.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Science NetLinks

**Grade Span:**K,1,2

**Title:** Look at Me

**Description:**
In this six-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students collect data and display it with tally marks, pictographs, bar graphs, and glyphs. Students explore logical and numerical relationships, review one-to-one correspondence, explore patterns and the relationships between numbers, and model addition sentences with missing addends.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1-MD4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Look at Me

**Description:**In this six-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students collect data and display it with tally marks, pictographs, bar graphs, and glyphs. Students explore logical and numerical relationships, review one-to-one correspondence, explore patterns and the relationships between numbers, and model addition sentences with missing addends.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** How Many Buttons?

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students review classification, make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and find numbers that are one more and one less than a given number. They apply their knowledge of classification as they play a game similar to bingo. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 19: Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and three-sided) versus non-defining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes. [1-G1]

**Subject:**Language Arts,Mathematics

**Title:**How Many Buttons?

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students review classification, make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and find numbers that are one more and one less than a given number. They apply their knowledge of classification as they play a game similar to bingo. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Pyramid Power

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and write numbers that enumerate how many elements are in a group. They make and record sets of one more and one less than a given number. They have the opportunity to apply their reasoning and communication skills in this lesson.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2-MD10]

**Subject:**Health,Mathematics

**Title:**Pyramid Power

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and write numbers that enumerate how many elements are in a group. They make and record sets of one more and one less than a given number. They have the opportunity to apply their reasoning and communication skills in this lesson.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Button Trains

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students describe order by using vocabulary such as before, after, and between. They also review and use both cardinal and ordinal numbers.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [K-CC6]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Button Trains

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students describe order by using vocabulary such as before, after, and between. They also review and use both cardinal and ordinal numbers.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Shirts Full of Buttons

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore subtraction in the comparative mode by answering questions such as How many more? and How many less? as they match sets of buttons. They also make and discuss bar graphs based on the number of buttons they are wearing.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2-MD10]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Shirts Full of Buttons

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore subtraction in the comparative mode by answering questions such as How many more? and How many less? as they match sets of buttons. They also make and discuss bar graphs based on the number of buttons they are wearing.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Building Numbers to Five

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to five objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [K-OA5]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Building Numbers to Five

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to five objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Island Inequality Mat

**Description:**
The concepts of greater than, less than, and equal to are explored in this 2-lesson unit where students create piles of food on two islands, and use a paper fish, whose mouth is open, pointing towards the greater amount, introducing students to the associated symbols
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 11: Compare two two-digit numbers based on meanings of the tens and ones digits, recording the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, and <. [1-NBT3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Island Inequality Mat

**Description:**The concepts of greater than, less than, and equal to are explored in this 2-lesson unit where students create piles of food on two islands, and use a paper fish, whose mouth is open, pointing towards the greater amount, introducing students to the associated symbols

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Food Pyramid Power:

**Description:**
In this six-lesson unit from Illuminations, students use algebraic thinking to explore properties of addition. The food pyramid is the starting point for these explorations. The learning experiences foster facility with the process standards of communication, connections, representation, and reasoning and proof.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 3: Determine whether a group of objects (up to 20) has an odd or even number of members, e.g., by pairing objects or counting them by 2s; write an equation to express an even number as a sum of two equal addends. [2-OA3]

**Subject:**Health,Mathematics

**Title:**Food Pyramid Power:

**Description:**In this six-lesson unit from Illuminations, students use algebraic thinking to explore properties of addition. The food pyramid is the starting point for these explorations. The learning experiences foster facility with the process standards of communication, connections, representation, and reasoning and proof.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Building Sets of Seven

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students construct and identify sets of seven objects. They compare sets of up to seven items and record a set of seven in chart form.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 9: Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120. In this range, read and write numerals and represent a number of objects with a written numeral. [1-NBT1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Building Sets of Seven

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students construct and identify sets of seven objects. They compare sets of up to seven items and record a set of seven in chart form.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Multiple Patterns

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore patterns that involve doubling. They use objects and numbers in their exploration and record them using a table.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 10: Use place value understanding to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or 100. [3-NBT1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Multiple Patterns

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore patterns that involve doubling. They use objects and numbers in their exploration and record them using a table.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Count to 10: Looking Back and Moving Forward

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students review this unit by creating, decomposing, and comparing sets of zero to ten objects and by writing the cardinal number for each set.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [K-CC6]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Count to 10: Looking Back and Moving Forward

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students review this unit by creating, decomposing, and comparing sets of zero to ten objects and by writing the cardinal number for each set.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Further Investigating Greater Than, Less Than, and Equal To

**Description:**
Students build upon their understanding of greater than, less than, and equal to by observing quantity and making comparison using varied instructional materials. The fish cut-out, with its mouth open, represents the greater than or less than symbol; the clam cut-out represents the equal to symbol. Using fish lips as a transition point, children will apply their understanding of greater, less, and equal to the standard symbols as the teacher introduces symbolic notation at an developmentally appropriate level.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 7: Read and write multi-digit whole numbers using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form. Compare two multi-digit numbers based on meanings of the digits in each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons. [4-NBT2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Further Investigating Greater Than, Less Than, and Equal To

**Description:**Students build upon their understanding of greater than, less than, and equal to by observing quantity and making comparison using varied instructional materials. The fish cut-out, with its mouth open, represents the greater than or less than symbol; the clam cut-out represents the equal to symbol. Using fish lips as a transition point, children will apply their understanding of greater, less, and equal to the standard symbols as the teacher introduces symbolic notation at an developmentally appropriate level.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2