**Title:** To Push or Pull, That Is The Question?

**Description:**
In group students will learn to identify pushes and pulls. Students will learn how a push or pull will affect various items.
This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 6: Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10.
Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g., 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g., 13 - 4 = 13 - 3 - 1 = 10 - 1 = 9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g., knowing that 8 + 4 = 12, one knows 12 - 8 = 4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6 + 7 by creating the known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 + 1 = 13). [1-OA6]

**Subject:**Mathematics (K - 1), or Credit Recovery Science (K - 1), or Science (K), or Technology Education (K - 2)

**Title:**To Push or Pull, That Is The Question?

**Description:**In group students will learn to identify pushes and pulls. Students will learn how a push or pull will affect various items. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.

**Title:** We Are Family!

**Description:**
This is a fun way to incorporate fun with addition and subtraction fact families. The students will have fun matching facts and making a happy home.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2-MD10]

**Subject:**Mathematics (K - 2), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**We Are Family!

**Description:**This is a fun way to incorporate fun with addition and subtraction fact families. The students will have fun matching facts and making a happy home.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.

**Title:** Counting Backward from Ten

**Description:**
Students will be introduced in this lesson to the concept of orally counting backward from ten using a book, number cards, and the Internet.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [K-MD3]

**Subject:**Mathematics (K)

**Title:**Counting Backward from Ten

**Description:**Students will be introduced in this lesson to the concept of orally counting backward from ten using a book, number cards, and the Internet.

**Title:** Fishy Addition!

**Description:**
In this lesson, students will use manipulatives to act out and solve simple addition problems.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [K-MD3]

**Subject:**Mathematics (K)

**Title:**Fishy Addition!

**Description:**In this lesson, students will use manipulatives to act out and solve simple addition problems.

**Title:** Creepy Caterpillars to Beautiful Butterflies

**Description:**
Students will explore the life cycle of a butterfly using a website and observations of caterpillar metamorphosis. This lesson will incorporate science, mathematics, language arts, and art.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1-MD4]

**Subject:**English Language Arts (2), or Mathematics (K - 1), or Credit Recovery Science (2), or Science (3), or Technology Education (K - 2)

**Title:**Creepy Caterpillars to Beautiful Butterflies

**Description:**Students will explore the life cycle of a butterfly using a website and observations of caterpillar metamorphosis. This lesson will incorporate science, mathematics, language arts, and art.

**Title:** Begin with Buttons: Looking Back and Moving Forward

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students review the work of the previous lessons through a variety of activity stations, one of which involves using an interactive Web site. Students model with buttons and record addition and subtraction.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 5: Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). [1-OA5]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Begin with Buttons: Looking Back and Moving Forward

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students review the work of the previous lessons through a variety of activity stations, one of which involves using an interactive Web site. Students model with buttons and record addition and subtraction.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Let's Learn Those Facts: Looking Back and Moving Forward

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students display their knowledge of properties of objects for sorting and creating patterns. They also demonstrate an understanding of commutativity and model addition and subtraction of whole numbers using different representations.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 9: Fluently add and subtract within 100 using strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction. [2-NBT5]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Let's Learn Those Facts: Looking Back and Moving Forward

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students display their knowledge of properties of objects for sorting and creating patterns. They also demonstrate an understanding of commutativity and model addition and subtraction of whole numbers using different representations.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Finding Addition Patterns

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, a game encourages students to find the sums of two one-digit numbers. Students explore commutativity and examine addition patterns. Then they record known facts on a personal addition chart. Reasoning is a major focus in this lesson.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [K-OA4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Finding Addition Patterns

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, a game encourages students to find the sums of two one-digit numbers. Students explore commutativity and examine addition patterns. Then they record known facts on a personal addition chart. Reasoning is a major focus in this lesson.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Building Numbers to Five

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to five objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [K-OA5]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Building Numbers to Five

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to five objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Recording Two Ways

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students make sets of pasta shapes, count some away, and then record the subtraction in vertical and horizontal formats. They draw a set and cross out some shapes; then, they write in both formats the subtraction that the drawing represents.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [K-OA4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Recording Two Ways

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students make sets of pasta shapes, count some away, and then record the subtraction in vertical and horizontal formats. They draw a set and cross out some shapes; then, they write in both formats the subtraction that the drawing represents.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Beverage Sharing and Serving

**Description:**
This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, focuses on student organization, preparation, and presentation of some simple foods as a way to apply various mathematical concepts, with problem-solving techniques being a central theme. Students work with a nonstandard unit of measurement to determine the minimum amount of fruit drink needed to serve class members and then prepare and properly serve the beverage to each student.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 18: Convert among different-sized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multistep, real-world problems. [5-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Beverage Sharing and Serving

**Description:**This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, focuses on student organization, preparation, and presentation of some simple foods as a way to apply various mathematical concepts, with problem-solving techniques being a central theme. Students work with a nonstandard unit of measurement to determine the minimum amount of fruit drink needed to serve class members and then prepare and properly serve the beverage to each student.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5

**Title:** Building Sets of Nine

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students construct sets of up to nine items, write the numeral 9, and record nine on a chart. They also play a game that requires identifying sets of up to nine objects. This lesson provides opportunities for reasoning and communicating.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [K-OA4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Building Sets of Nine

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students construct sets of up to nine items, write the numeral 9, and record nine on a chart. They also play a game that requires identifying sets of up to nine objects. This lesson provides opportunities for reasoning and communicating.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Block Pounds

**Description:**
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the use of variables as unknowns as they solve for the weights of objects using information presented in pictures. They also model situations that involve the addition and subtraction of whole numbers, using objects, pictures, and symbols.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 13: Explain why addition and subtraction strategies work, using place value and the properties of operations. (Explanations may be supported by drawings or objects.) [2-NBT9]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Block Pounds

**Description:**In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the use of variables as unknowns as they solve for the weights of objects using information presented in pictures. They also model situations that involve the addition and subtraction of whole numbers, using objects, pictures, and symbols.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Fact Family Fun

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, the relation of addition to subtraction is explored with fish-shaped crackers. The students search for related addition and subtraction facts for a given number and investigate fact families when one addend or the difference is 0.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 2: Fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies. (See standard 6, Grade 1, for a list of mental strategies.) By end of Grade 2, know from memory all sums of two one-digit numbers. [2-OA2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Fact Family Fun

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, the relation of addition to subtraction is explored with fish-shaped crackers. The students search for related addition and subtraction facts for a given number and investigate fact families when one addend or the difference is 0.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Building Sets of Ten

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of up to 10 items and practice writing the numbers 0 through 10. Students count back from 10, identify sets of up to 10 objects, and record 10 on a chart. They also construct and decompose sets of up to 10 items. This lesson provides opportunities for reasoning and communication.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [K-MD3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Building Sets of Ten

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of up to 10 items and practice writing the numbers 0 through 10. Students count back from 10, identify sets of up to 10 objects, and record 10 on a chart. They also construct and decompose sets of up to 10 items. This lesson provides opportunities for reasoning and communication.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Let's Count to 10

**Description:**
In this eight-lesson unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to ten objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are included in each lesson. The unit is most appropriate for students learning at the kindergarten and grade one levels.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [K-OA4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Let's Count to 10

**Description:**In this eight-lesson unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to ten objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are included in each lesson. The unit is most appropriate for students learning at the kindergarten and grade one levels.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Let's Count to 5

**Description:**
In this seven-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students make groups of zero through five objects and connect number words to the groups. They use numerals to record the size of a group. Familiar nursery rhymes and songs and visual, auditory and kinesthetic activities are included in each lesson. The unit is most appropriate for students learning at the prekindergarten and kindergarten levels.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [K-OA4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Let's Count to 5

**Description:**In this seven-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students make groups of zero through five objects and connect number words to the groups. They use numerals to record the size of a group. Familiar nursery rhymes and songs and visual, auditory and kinesthetic activities are included in each lesson. The unit is most appropriate for students learning at the prekindergarten and kindergarten levels.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Ten Frame

**Description:**
This student interactive from Illuminations presents four games that help students develop counting and addition skills. Each of the games uses a frame of ten.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [K-OA4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Ten Frame

**Description:**This student interactive from Illuminations presents four games that help students develop counting and addition skills. Each of the games uses a frame of ten.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Five Frame

**Description:**
This student interactive from Illuminations presents four games that help students develop counting and addition skills. Each of the games uses a frame of five.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [K-OA5]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Five Frame

**Description:**This student interactive from Illuminations presents four games that help students develop counting and addition skills. Each of the games uses a frame of five.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2