**Title:** Number Carousel

**Description:**
First grade students will be able to use various strategies and their understanding of addition to make 10 and 17 in multiple ways. Lesson will help students use 2 or 3 different numbers to make 10 or use 2 or 3 different numbers to create numbers up to 20.
This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 2: Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. [1-OA2]

**Subject:**Mathematics (1)

**Title:**Number Carousel

**Description:**First grade students will be able to use various strategies and their understanding of addition to make 10 and 17 in multiple ways. Lesson will help students use 2 or 3 different numbers to make 10 or use 2 or 3 different numbers to create numbers up to 20. This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.

**Title:** Camp Add 'Em Up III

**Description:**
Camp Add 'Em Up is a series of lessons for first grade students. Students will use prior knowledge of friendly numbers (two number combinations that make a "10") and "adding on" as they master the ability to add three numbers. In this lesson, students will use manipulatives as they explore adding numbers to make sums up to 20. The Hundreds chart handout used in this lesson has English and Spanish number words which will accommodate students who wish to explore a second language or to aid Spanish ELL students.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 2: Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. [1-OA2]

**Subject:**Mathematics (1)

**Title:**Camp Add 'Em Up III

**Description:**Camp Add 'Em Up is a series of lessons for first grade students. Students will use prior knowledge of friendly numbers (two number combinations that make a "10") and "adding on" as they master the ability to add three numbers. In this lesson, students will use manipulatives as they explore adding numbers to make sums up to 20. The Hundreds chart handout used in this lesson has English and Spanish number words which will accommodate students who wish to explore a second language or to aid Spanish ELL students.

**Title:** How Many Times Did You Add That?

**Description:**
After watching the video clip of the Hershey's plant, students will use grid paper to investigate multiplication as repeated addition.
This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.
**Standard(s): **

[SS2010] LWT2 (2) 7: Explain production and distribution processes.

**Subject:**Mathematics (1 - 4), or Social Studies (2)

**Title:**How Many Times Did You Add That?

**Description:**After watching the video clip of the Hershey's plant, students will use grid paper to investigate multiplication as repeated addition. This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.

**Title:** Who's in the Fact Family?

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore the relation of addition to subtraction. Students use problem-solving skills to find fact families, including those in which one addend is zero or in which the addends are alike.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 8: Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers. [1-OA8]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Who's in the Fact Family?

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore the relation of addition to subtraction. Students use problem-solving skills to find fact families, including those in which one addend is zero or in which the addends are alike.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Fact Families

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students use books and connecting cubes to explore the relationship of addition to subtraction. Students search for related addition and subtraction facts for a given number using a virtual or actual calculator to find differences. They also investigate fact families when one addend is 0 as well as when the addends are the same. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 8: Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers. [1-OA8]

**Subject:**Language Arts,Mathematics

**Title:**Fact Families

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students use books and connecting cubes to explore the relationship of addition to subtraction. Students search for related addition and subtraction facts for a given number using a virtual or actual calculator to find differences. They also investigate fact families when one addend is 0 as well as when the addends are the same. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Calculating Patterns

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students use an Internet-based calculator that is linked with an interactive Hundred Chart to create, extend, and record numerical patterns in different ways. By connecting the two representations, students observe the numerical patterns as they are created.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 6: Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10.
Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g., 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g., 13 - 4 = 13 - 3 - 1 = 10 - 1 = 9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g., knowing that 8 + 4 = 12, one knows 12 - 8 = 4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6 + 7 by creating the known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 + 1 = 13). [1-OA6]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Calculating Patterns

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students use an Internet-based calculator that is linked with an interactive Hundred Chart to create, extend, and record numerical patterns in different ways. By connecting the two representations, students observe the numerical patterns as they are created.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Lost Buttons

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students investigate subtraction more directly, beginning with the easier take away mode. They model take away subtraction with buttons and write subtraction sentences. They also work with the additive identity (0) as an addend and as a difference and find missing addends.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 18: Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve word problems involving lengths that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as drawings of rulers) and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. [2-MD5]

**Subject:**Language Arts,Mathematics

**Title:**Lost Buttons

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students investigate subtraction more directly, beginning with the easier take away mode. They model take away subtraction with buttons and write subtraction sentences. They also work with the additive identity (0) as an addend and as a difference and find missing addends.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** What Balances?

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore subtraction using a pan balance. They use subtraction facts to generate related addition facts and explore at the concrete level the idea of subtraction as the inverse of addition.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 5: Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). [1-OA5]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**What Balances?

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore subtraction using a pan balance. They use subtraction facts to generate related addition facts and explore at the concrete level the idea of subtraction as the inverse of addition.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Giant Story Problems: Reading Comprehension through Math Problem-Solving

**Description:**
Students create posters using images, text, and mathematical equations to represent a story problem.
**Standard(s): **

[ELA2015] (2) 27: Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations). [W.2.7]

**Subject:**Language Arts

**Title:**Giant Story Problems: Reading Comprehension through Math Problem-Solving

**Description:**Students create posters using images, text, and mathematical equations to represent a story problem.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**ReadWriteThink

**Grade Span:**1,2

**Title:** How Many More?

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students write subtraction problems, model them with sets of fish-shaped crackers, and communicate their findings in words and pictures. They record differences in words and symbols. The additive identity is reviewed in the context of comparing equal sets. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 8: Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers. [1-OA8]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**How Many More?

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students write subtraction problems, model them with sets of fish-shaped crackers, and communicate their findings in words and pictures. They record differences in words and symbols. The additive identity is reviewed in the context of comparing equal sets. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Investigating Greater Than, Less Than, and Equal To

**Description:**
Students are introduced to the concepts of greater than, less than, and equal to by observing quantities and making comparisons. Using varied instructional materials such as play dough, buttons, beans, and cotton balls, students will create amounts to compare with the use of a double-sided fish. Depending on its position, the fish cut-out (with its mouth open) can represent either greater than or less than. For equivalent amounts, a clam cut-out can represent equal to.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 2: Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. [1-OA2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Investigating Greater Than, Less Than, and Equal To

**Description:**Students are introduced to the concepts of greater than, less than, and equal to by observing quantities and making comparisons. Using varied instructional materials such as play dough, buttons, beans, and cotton balls, students will create amounts to compare with the use of a double-sided fish. Depending on its position, the fish cut-out (with its mouth open) can represent either greater than or less than. For equivalent amounts, a clam cut-out can represent equal to.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Combining Foods

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore addition and comparison subtraction by modeling and recording related addition and subtraction facts for a given number. The students also investigate the commutative property and model fact families, including those in which one addend is zero and those in which the addends are alike.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (1) 2: Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. [1-OA2]

**Subject:**Health,Mathematics

**Title:**Combining Foods

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore addition and comparison subtraction by modeling and recording related addition and subtraction facts for a given number. The students also investigate the commutative property and model fact families, including those in which one addend is zero and those in which the addends are alike.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Block Pounds

**Description:**
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the use of variables as unknowns as they solve for the weights of objects using information presented in pictures. They also model situations that involve the addition and subtraction of whole numbers, using objects, pictures, and symbols.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 13: Explain why addition and subtraction strategies work, using place value and the properties of operations. (Explanations may be supported by drawings or objects.) [2-NBT9]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Block Pounds

**Description:**In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the use of variables as unknowns as they solve for the weights of objects using information presented in pictures. They also model situations that involve the addition and subtraction of whole numbers, using objects, pictures, and symbols.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Zoo Summer Camp Mystery

**Digital Tool:**
K-2 Digital Breakout **Web Address URL:**
https://sites.google.com/hcs-students.net/birminghamzoosummercampmystery/home **Standard(s): **

[ELA2015] (1) 30: With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. [W.1.8]**Digital Tool Description:** This activity is a digital breakout to enhance a unit with animal standards or for classes that have a field trip to the Birmingham Zoo. It can be used before or after the field trip or during the unit. It is an activity that will build collaborative and critical thinking. It can be used as a whole group activity for K-2 classrooms or for teachers/classrooms that are not familiar to digital breakouts. It can be an activity for small groups in K-5 rooms if students are familiar with digital breakouts.
This Learning Activity was created in partnership with the Birmingham Zoo.

**Title:**Zoo Summer Camp Mystery

**Digital Tool:**K-2 Digital Breakout

**Digital Tool Description:**This activity is a digital breakout to enhance a unit with animal standards or for classes that have a field trip to the Birmingham Zoo. It can be used before or after the field trip or during the unit. It is an activity that will build collaborative and critical thinking. It can be used as a whole group activity for K-2 classrooms or for teachers/classrooms that are not familiar to digital breakouts. It can be an activity for small groups in K-5 rooms if students are familiar with digital breakouts. This Learning Activity was created in partnership with the Birmingham Zoo.

**Title:** Illuminations Activities

**Description:**
This Web page, from Illuminations, allows users to access all of Illuminations' online, interactive activities. The activities span the grades and encompass all areas of mathematics.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 14: Measure the length of an object by selecting and using appropriate tools such as rulers, yardsticks, meter sticks, and measuring tapes. [2-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Illuminations Activities

**Description:**This Web page, from Illuminations, allows users to access all of Illuminations' online, interactive activities. The activities span the grades and encompass all areas of mathematics.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12