**Title:** The Elves Go On Strike!

**Description:**
Students will use their knowledge of elapsed time to determine if certain elves should receive a bonus. They will work cooperatively with groups to calculate elapsed time and present and justify their findings to their classmates.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 16: Tell and write time to the nearest minute, and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram. [3-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 4)

**Title:**The Elves Go On Strike!

**Description:**Students will use their knowledge of elapsed time to determine if certain elves should receive a bonus. They will work cooperatively with groups to calculate elapsed time and present and justify their findings to their classmates.

**Title:** Cows on the Clock

**Description:**
In this lesson students will calculate elapsed time using the storybook Click, Clack Moo: Cows That Type by Doreen Cronin. Students will identify the time pasted between two given times in a.m. and p.m.
**Standard(s): **

[TC2] (3-5) 12: Create a product using digital tools.

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Cows on the Clock

**Description:**In this lesson students will calculate elapsed time using the storybook Click, Clack Moo: Cows That Type by Doreen Cronin. Students will identify the time pasted between two given times in a.m. and p.m.

**Title:** Let’s Calculate Flight!

**Description:**
Students will use stop watches to help understand elapsed time when they fly paper airplanes through the air.Students will then move on to using clocks. Students will work out elapsed time word problems using made up flight schedules.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 16: Tell and write time to the nearest minute, and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram. [3-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3)

**Title:**Let’s Calculate Flight!

**Description:**Students will use stop watches to help understand elapsed time when they fly paper airplanes through the air.Students will then move on to using clocks. Students will work out elapsed time word problems using made up flight schedules.

**Title:** Time Flies By!

**Description:**
Students will review time by representing given times on their classroom clock. They will then work individually or with a partner to explore elapsed time problems using a clock and interactive software.
This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Time Flies By!

**Description:**Students will review time by representing given times on their classroom clock. They will then work individually or with a partner to explore elapsed time problems using a clock and interactive software. This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.

**Title:** It's About Time

**Description:**
During this lesson students gain an understanding of an analog clock and a digital clock. Students watch a movie that explains the importance of time. Students make a clock, see how it works, and complete activities that demonstrate understanding of the concepts covered.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 16: Tell and write time to the nearest minute, and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram. [3-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics (1 - 4), or Technology Education (K - 2)

**Title:**It's About Time

**Description:**During this lesson students gain an understanding of an analog clock and a digital clock. Students watch a movie that explains the importance of time. Students make a clock, see how it works, and complete activities that demonstrate understanding of the concepts covered.

**Title:** Elapsed Time: Planning a Field Trip

**Description:**
The focus of this mathematics unit is on students planning for a trip to Montgomery. Students will have the opportunity to calculate elapsed time as well as the cost of different activities. Students will navigate the Internet to learn more about Montgomery and complete different tasks assigned during the lesson.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Elapsed Time: Planning a Field Trip

**Description:**The focus of this mathematics unit is on students planning for a trip to Montgomery. Students will have the opportunity to calculate elapsed time as well as the cost of different activities. Students will navigate the Internet to learn more about Montgomery and complete different tasks assigned during the lesson.

**Title:** Time Flies

**Description:**
This lesson plan is one of the first in a unit on telling time which addresses the following content areas: language arts, math, science, social studies, and technology. Students will read several resource books to gather information. They will then sequence information in a timeline. The final project will be a slideshow presentation.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4-MD2]

**Subject:**English Language Arts (3), or Mathematics (3 - 4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Time Flies

**Description:**This lesson plan is one of the first in a unit on telling time which addresses the following content areas: language arts, math, science, social studies, and technology. Students will read several resource books to gather information. They will then sequence information in a timeline. The final project will be a slideshow presentation.

**Title:** Elapsed Time

**Description:**
Students will discover and practice finding elapsed time using student clocks.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Elapsed Time

**Description:**Students will discover and practice finding elapsed time using student clocks.

**Title:** Planning a Class Field Trip

**Description:**
This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, focuses students attention on the variables used in planning trips. It captures students interest, provides a review of the primary unit objectives, and assesses students prior knowledge. This experience enables students to consider the variables that must be accounted for in planning a class field trip.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Planning a Class Field Trip

**Description:**This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, focuses students attention on the variables used in planning trips. It captures students interest, provides a review of the primary unit objectives, and assesses students prior knowledge. This experience enables students to consider the variables that must be accounted for in planning a class field trip.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Mathematics and Football: Unit Overview

**Description:**
In this five-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they analyze information represented graphically. Students are asked to discuss, describe, read, and write about the graphs and the information they contain. These activities focus on connections between mathematics and football by using the Super Bowl. Students are asked to look at the Super Bowl not just as the big game but as an opportunity to apply mathematics to some interesting problems. This unit includes an individual activity for four different levels plus one for parents to complete with their child at home.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Mathematics and Football: Unit Overview

**Description:**In this five-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they analyze information represented graphically. Students are asked to discuss, describe, read, and write about the graphs and the information they contain. These activities focus on connections between mathematics and football by using the Super Bowl. Students are asked to look at the Super Bowl not just as the big game but as an opportunity to apply mathematics to some interesting problems. This unit includes an individual activity for four different levels plus one for parents to complete with their child at home.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

**Title:** Planning a Trip to the State Capitol

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, student groups plan a trip to the state capitol. Using the skills they developed in the previous lessons, students determine not only elapsed time and distance, but extend their problem-solving to figuring meals and lodging costs. As they tackle this more complex task, teachers have the opportunity to observe students growing competence, including which variables students attend to, if students can find distances from a map, if students can find elapsed time, and if students can use elapsed time to plan a schedule.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Planning a Trip to the State Capitol

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, student groups plan a trip to the state capitol. Using the skills they developed in the previous lessons, students determine not only elapsed time and distance, but extend their problem-solving to figuring meals and lodging costs. As they tackle this more complex task, teachers have the opportunity to observe students growing competence, including which variables students attend to, if students can find distances from a map, if students can find elapsed time, and if students can use elapsed time to plan a schedule.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Number and Operations Web Links

**Description:**
This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 26: Classify two-dimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5-G4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Number and Operations Web Links

**Description:**This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

**Title:** Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Tracks

**Description:**
Mathematical games can foster mathematical communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. In addition, games can motivate students and engage them in thinking about and applying concepts and skills. This e-example from Illuminations contains an interactive version of a game that can be used in the grades 3-5 classroom to support students' learning about fractions. e-Math Investigations are selected e-examples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The e-examples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the e-examples are natural companions to the i-Math investigations.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 26: Classify two-dimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5-G4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Tracks

**Description:**Mathematical games can foster mathematical communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. In addition, games can motivate students and engage them in thinking about and applying concepts and skills. This e-example from Illuminations contains an interactive version of a game that can be used in the grades 3-5 classroom to support students' learning about fractions. e-Math Investigations are selected e-examples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The e-examples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the e-examples are natural companions to the i-Math investigations.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Penguins: Built to Swim

**Description:**
Activity. Students conduct a series of experiments to test how the physical characteristics of penguins help them to swim and dive.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3-G1]

**Subject:**Geography,Mathematics,Science

**Title:**Penguins: Built to Swim

**Description:**Activity. Students conduct a series of experiments to test how the physical characteristics of penguins help them to swim and dive.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**National Geographic Education

**Grade Span:**3,4,5