**Title:** Barter that Jell-o

**Description:**
This lesson allows students to experience the roles of producers and consumers by producing small cups of Jell-o and consuming what they have made. It also gives students hands-on experience with the concept of bartering with their peers.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3), or Social Studies (3)

**Title:**Barter that Jell-o

**Description:**This lesson allows students to experience the roles of producers and consumers by producing small cups of Jell-o and consuming what they have made. It also gives students hands-on experience with the concept of bartering with their peers.

**Title:** Easy Equivalent Measures

**Description:**
Easy Equivalent Measures is an exciting, engaging lesson that will make this unpopular, hard skill EASY for your students. We will use Input/Output charts to demonstrate our knowledge of equivalent measures. This lesson will support the needs of all your diverse learners.
This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a two-column table. [4-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics (2 - 4)

**Title:**Easy Equivalent Measures

**Description:**Easy Equivalent Measures is an exciting, engaging lesson that will make this unpopular, hard skill EASY for your students. We will use Input/Output charts to demonstrate our knowledge of equivalent measures. This lesson will support the needs of all your diverse learners. This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.

**Title:** Teaching Measurement through Literature and Manipulatives

**Description:**
The tradebook, Who Sank the Boat? by Pamela Allen, is an excellent tool in teaching measurement. Students will engage in activities involving different types of measurement. In the story, five animal friends decide to take a boat ride. As each animal climbs into the boat it sinks lower and lower in the water. The phrase, "Do you know who sank the boat?" encourages children to make predictions.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3-MD2]

**Subject:**English Language Arts (4), or Mathematics (3)

**Title:**Teaching Measurement through Literature and Manipulatives

**Description:**The tradebook, Who Sank the Boat? by Pamela Allen, is an excellent tool in teaching measurement. Students will engage in activities involving different types of measurement. In the story, five animal friends decide to take a boat ride. As each animal climbs into the boat it sinks lower and lower in the water. The phrase, "Do you know who sank the boat?" encourages children to make predictions.

**Title:** Out Of This World

**Description:**
During this lesson, students will begin to realize that the solar system is a vast unexplored frontier. Students will have the opportunity to explore the different aspects of our solar system.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3-MD4]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Out Of This World

**Description:**During this lesson, students will begin to realize that the solar system is a vast unexplored frontier. Students will have the opportunity to explore the different aspects of our solar system.

**Title:** How Do You Measure Up?

**Description:**
During this hands-on lesson, students use reasoning skills in making predictions and then applying skills to obtain accurate measurements. They navigate websites to practice their measuring skills. Students also get a brief overview of the history of measurement.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a two-column table. [4-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**How Do You Measure Up?

**Description:**During this hands-on lesson, students use reasoning skills in making predictions and then applying skills to obtain accurate measurements. They navigate websites to practice their measuring skills. Students also get a brief overview of the history of measurement.

**Title:** Students Standing Tall

**Description:**
During this lesson, students use data they collect from a class activity to find the mean, mode, median, and range. Students utilize the Internet as a source of information by viewing websites to learn how to find the mean, median, mode, and range of data.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 18: Convert among different-sized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multistep, real-world problems. [5-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Students Standing Tall

**Description:**During this lesson, students use data they collect from a class activity to find the mean, mode, median, and range. Students utilize the Internet as a source of information by viewing websites to learn how to find the mean, median, mode, and range of data.

**Title:** Mysterious Matter

**Description:**
During this lesson, students will have the opportunity to create a mysterious substance. They will use experiments to try to determine the state of matter of various substances. This lesson is a fun, hands-on way to get students excited about matter.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 18: Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- and two-step "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. [3-MD3]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Mysterious Matter

**Description:**During this lesson, students will have the opportunity to create a mysterious substance. They will use experiments to try to determine the state of matter of various substances. This lesson is a fun, hands-on way to get students excited about matter.

**Title:** Make a Leaf Graph

**Description:**
This lesson should be taught during a unit on plants or trees. During this lesson students will collect leaves and use rulers to measure each leaf. The students will have the opportunity to create a hand-made bar graph as well as a computer-generated bar graph. They will also compare a bar graph to a pie graph to determine which graph is easier to read.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Make a Leaf Graph

**Description:**This lesson should be taught during a unit on plants or trees. During this lesson students will collect leaves and use rulers to measure each leaf. The students will have the opportunity to create a hand-made bar graph as well as a computer-generated bar graph. They will also compare a bar graph to a pie graph to determine which graph is easier to read.

**Title:** Explosive Fun with Volcanoes

**Description:**
In this lesson the students will work in groups to make their own volcanoes and learn the different aspects of a volcano.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a two-column table. [4-MD1]

**Subject:**English Language Arts (4), or Mathematics (3 - 4), or Credit Recovery Science (4), or Science (2 - 4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Explosive Fun with Volcanoes

**Description:**In this lesson the students will work in groups to make their own volcanoes and learn the different aspects of a volcano.

**Title:** What do Plants Need?

**Description:**
In this lesson, students will understand that in order to grow healthy plants, soil, water, light, and air must be provided. Students will use math skills such as measurement and science process skills such as observation, comparing, and recording data.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2-MD10]

**Subject:**Mathematics (K - 3), or Credit Recovery Science (3), or Science (2)

**Title:**What do Plants Need?

**Description:**In this lesson, students will understand that in order to grow healthy plants, soil, water, light, and air must be provided. Students will use math skills such as measurement and science process skills such as observation, comparing, and recording data.

**Title:** Inch by Inch

**Description:**
In this lesson students will do a variety of learning activities while they meet many math, science, and language arts objectives. Students will measure items, analyze and record data, listen to instructions, and follow directions. They will also follow a recipe to make a creative dessert.
**Standard(s): **

[ELA2015] (3) 38: Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. [L.3.2]

**Subject:**English Language Arts (3), or Mathematics (3)

**Title:**Inch by Inch

**Description:**In this lesson students will do a variety of learning activities while they meet many math, science, and language arts objectives. Students will measure items, analyze and record data, listen to instructions, and follow directions. They will also follow a recipe to make a creative dessert.

**Title:** Maintaining the Balance

**Description:**
In this lesson for grades 3 and 4, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on patterns and relations that can be developed from the exploration of balance, mass, length of the mass arm, and the position of the fulcrum.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 18: Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- and two-step "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. [3-MD3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Maintaining the Balance

**Description:**In this lesson for grades 3 and 4, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on patterns and relations that can be developed from the exploration of balance, mass, length of the mass arm, and the position of the fulcrum.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Getting the Facts

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children's literature. They listen to the story Counting on Frank, by Rod Clement, and then solve problems involving estimation of volume.
**Standard(s): **

[ELA2015] (5) 28: Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. [W.5.7]

**Subject:**Language Arts,Mathematics

**Title:**Getting the Facts

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children's literature. They listen to the story Counting on Frank, by Rod Clement, and then solve problems involving estimation of volume.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Exploration of a Balance

**Description:**
In this four-lesson unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on patterns and relations that can be developed from the exploration of balance, mass, length of the mass arm, and the position of the fulcrum. This unit includes an individual activity for four different levels from grade 1 to grade 8.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (6) 15: Identify when two expressions are equivalent (i.e., when the two expressions name the same number regardless of which value is substituted into them). [6-EE4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Exploration of a Balance

**Description:**In this four-lesson unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on patterns and relations that can be developed from the exploration of balance, mass, length of the mass arm, and the position of the fulcrum. This unit includes an individual activity for four different levels from grade 1 to grade 8.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

**Title:** Drop by Drop

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students recognize and use the attributes of volume. They engage in activities that promote understanding of how to measure volume using standard units. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3-MD2]

**Subject:**Language Arts,Mathematics

**Title:**Drop by Drop

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students recognize and use the attributes of volume. They engage in activities that promote understanding of how to measure volume using standard units. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Mathematics and Children's Literature

**Description:**
In this five-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. Five pieces of literature are applied to teaching a wide range of topics in the mathematics curriculum, from sorting and classifying to the meaning of averages.
**Standard(s): **

[ELA2015] (8) 9: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of Grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently. [RL.8.10]

**Subject:**Language Arts,Mathematics

**Title:**Mathematics and Children's Literature

**Description:**In this five-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. Five pieces of literature are applied to teaching a wide range of topics in the mathematics curriculum, from sorting and classifying to the meaning of averages.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

**Title:** Clothing Sizes

**Description:**
This reproducible worksheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to analyze measurements of their body, specifically as they relate to clothing sizes.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 20: Recognize volume as an attribute of solid figures, and understand concepts of volume measurement. [5-MD3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Clothing Sizes

**Description:**This reproducible worksheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to analyze measurements of their body, specifically as they relate to clothing sizes.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Magnificent Measurement

**Description:**
In this seven-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students build skills required for understanding the attributes of measurement as well as the units, systems, and processes of measurement. Students use objects, pictures, symbols and books. They engage in measurement activities involving length, volume, weight, area and time. They practice measuring using standard and nonstandard units.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3-MD2]

**Subject:**Language Arts,Mathematics

**Title:**Magnificent Measurement

**Description:**In this seven-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students build skills required for understanding the attributes of measurement as well as the units, systems, and processes of measurement. Students use objects, pictures, symbols and books. They engage in measurement activities involving length, volume, weight, area and time. They practice measuring using standard and nonstandard units.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Ideas With Food

**Description:**
In this three-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students focus on organization, preparation, and presentation of some simple foods as a way to apply various mathematical concepts, with problem-solving techniques being central to almost all the activities. Students utilize measuring techniques and food preparation experiences to practice various math concepts.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Ideas With Food

**Description:**In this three-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students focus on organization, preparation, and presentation of some simple foods as a way to apply various mathematical concepts, with problem-solving techniques being central to almost all the activities. Students utilize measuring techniques and food preparation experiences to practice various math concepts.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

**Title:** Number and Operations Web Links

**Description:**
This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 26: Classify two-dimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5-G4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Number and Operations Web Links

**Description:**This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

**Title:** Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Tracks

**Description:**
Mathematical games can foster mathematical communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. In addition, games can motivate students and engage them in thinking about and applying concepts and skills. This e-example from Illuminations contains an interactive version of a game that can be used in the grades 3-5 classroom to support students' learning about fractions. e-Math Investigations are selected e-examples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The e-examples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the e-examples are natural companions to the i-Math investigations.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 26: Classify two-dimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5-G4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Tracks

**Description:**Mathematical games can foster mathematical communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. In addition, games can motivate students and engage them in thinking about and applying concepts and skills. This e-example from Illuminations contains an interactive version of a game that can be used in the grades 3-5 classroom to support students' learning about fractions. e-Math Investigations are selected e-examples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The e-examples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the e-examples are natural companions to the i-Math investigations.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Cubes

**Description:**
This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students explore the volume of a box based on the amount of unit cubes that can fit inside of it. They are prompted to come up with a rule for determining the volume of a box when its width, depth, and height are known.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 22: Relate volume to the operations of multiplication and addition, and solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume. [5-MD5]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Cubes

**Description:**This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students explore the volume of a box based on the amount of unit cubes that can fit inside of it. They are prompted to come up with a rule for determining the volume of a box when its width, depth, and height are known.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5