**Title:** Dam Engineering

**Description:**
In Math, students will draw a t-chart to represent dam and flood data obtained from their reading resource. Students will select the information they wish to use from the reading resource (their opinions). Students will then use rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch to measure lengths and construct a scale model of their own dam, which they can later construct in Science. Students will represent data in a graph and use measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Students will test their scale dams and make changes as needed.
This unit was created as part of the ALEX Interdisciplinary Resource Development Summit.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 18: Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- and two-step "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. [3-MD3]

**Subject:**English Language Arts (3), or Mathematics (3)

**Title:**Dam Engineering

**Description:**In Math, students will draw a t-chart to represent dam and flood data obtained from their reading resource. Students will select the information they wish to use from the reading resource (their opinions). Students will then use rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch to measure lengths and construct a scale model of their own dam, which they can later construct in Science. Students will represent data in a graph and use measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Students will test their scale dams and make changes as needed. This unit was created as part of the ALEX Interdisciplinary Resource Development Summit.

**Title:** There's Perimeter in the School!

**Description:**
Students will work in groups to measure the perimeter of items around the school. They will record their data on a spreadsheet in the form of a line plot.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4-MD4]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 4)

**Title:**There's Perimeter in the School!

**Description:**Students will work in groups to measure the perimeter of items around the school. They will record their data on a spreadsheet in the form of a line plot.

**Title:** It's In The Bag

**Description:**
This lesson is a unique and fun way to review perimeter, angles, and types of adjectives. Students pick an object from the classroom that will fit in a paper lunch bag. They investigate their object and fill in the attached sheet. You can then make a bulletin board out in the hall by attaching the bag (with the object in it) below or beside the info sheet. Students can come by and try to guess what object is in the bag by looking at the info sheet. They can then check their guess by looking in the bag.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3-G1]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3)

**Title:**It's In The Bag

**Description:**This lesson is a unique and fun way to review perimeter, angles, and types of adjectives. Students pick an object from the classroom that will fit in a paper lunch bag. They investigate their object and fill in the attached sheet. You can then make a bulletin board out in the hall by attaching the bag (with the object in it) below or beside the info sheet. Students can come by and try to guess what object is in the bag by looking at the info sheet. They can then check their guess by looking in the bag.

**Title:** Weight vs. Capacity

**Description:**
This lesson will introduce students to measuring weight, mass, volume, and capacity using metric and cutomary units.
This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**English Language Arts (3), or Mathematics (3 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Weight vs. Capacity

**Description:**This lesson will introduce students to measuring weight, mass, volume, and capacity using metric and cutomary units. This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.

**Title:** A Time To Travel!

**Description:**
Students will research how transportation has changed throughout the years. Students will construct a timeline of transportation through the years.
**Standard(s): **

[SS2010] ALA (4) 16: Determine the impact of population growth on cities, major road systems, demographics, natural resources, and the natural environment of Alabama during the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 4), or Social Studies (4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**A Time To Travel!

**Description:**Students will research how transportation has changed throughout the years. Students will construct a timeline of transportation through the years.

**Title:** "Ridin' Along In My Automobile"

**Description:**
Students will research prices of used cars to discover how automobiles lose their value over time. Students will create a chart to record their information, use their chart to graph their data, and find measures of central tendency of their data. Students will present their findings and discuss the results.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4-MD4]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 5)

**Title:**"Ridin' Along In My Automobile"

**Description:**Students will research prices of used cars to discover how automobiles lose their value over time. Students will create a chart to record their information, use their chart to graph their data, and find measures of central tendency of their data. Students will present their findings and discuss the results.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.

**Title:** $100 Picture

**Description:**
This is a lesson where collaborative learning groups are used to explore perimeter and area of an irregular figure using pattern blocks. This lesson should be used after students have already had some experience with finding the perimeter and area of a figure.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 14: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction. [5-NF4]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**$100 Picture

**Description:**This is a lesson where collaborative learning groups are used to explore perimeter and area of an irregular figure using pattern blocks. This lesson should be used after students have already had some experience with finding the perimeter and area of a figure.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.

**Title:** Out Of This World

**Description:**
During this lesson, students will begin to realize that the solar system is a vast unexplored frontier. Students will have the opportunity to explore the different aspects of our solar system.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3-MD4]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Out Of This World

**Description:**During this lesson, students will begin to realize that the solar system is a vast unexplored frontier. Students will have the opportunity to explore the different aspects of our solar system.

**Title:** Pictographs

**Description:**
During this lesson, students will learn how to create a pictograph by collecting data and using pictures to represent the data. Students will have practice reading pictographs and will learn to create a pictograph using spreadsheet or software.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**Pictographs

**Description:**During this lesson, students will learn how to create a pictograph by collecting data and using pictures to represent the data. Students will have practice reading pictographs and will learn to create a pictograph using spreadsheet or software.

**Title:** How Do You Measure Up?

**Description:**
During this hands-on lesson, students use reasoning skills in making predictions and then applying skills to obtain accurate measurements. They navigate websites to practice their measuring skills. Students also get a brief overview of the history of measurement.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a two-column table. [4-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics (3 - 4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)

**Title:**How Do You Measure Up?

**Description:**During this hands-on lesson, students use reasoning skills in making predictions and then applying skills to obtain accurate measurements. They navigate websites to practice their measuring skills. Students also get a brief overview of the history of measurement.

**Title:** Playing Games

**Description:**
In this unit of five lessons, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on the uses of numbers. The activities use the theme of games to develop concepts of measurement and statistics. Students are asked to measure distances using standard and nonstandard units and to record their measurement in various tables. Then they are asked to use descriptive statistics to report the results. These lessons include an individual activity for four different levels plus one for parents to complete with their child at home.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (7) 20: Use measures of center and measures of variability for numerical data from random samples to draw informal comparative inferences about two populations. [7-SP4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Playing Games

**Description:**In this unit of five lessons, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on the uses of numbers. The activities use the theme of games to develop concepts of measurement and statistics. Students are asked to measure distances using standard and nonstandard units and to record their measurement in various tables. Then they are asked to use descriptive statistics to report the results. These lessons include an individual activity for four different levels plus one for parents to complete with their child at home.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Picture This

**Description:**
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students compose number sentences based on mathematics stories and then conduct a survey to determine how various people interpret pictures mathematically. They analyze and summarize the data they collect, and draw conclusions from their findings.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Picture This

**Description:**In this lesson, from Illuminations, students compose number sentences based on mathematics stories and then conduct a survey to determine how various people interpret pictures mathematically. They analyze and summarize the data they collect, and draw conclusions from their findings.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Water, Water

**Description:**
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students compare the amount of water they use in daily life with the amount allotted for each person each day on a Space Shuttle. They estimate and measure the heaviness of, and amount of space occupied by, a gallon of water. They collect, organize, graph, analyze, and interpret data from their investigations.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Water, Water

**Description:**In this lesson, from Illuminations, students compare the amount of water they use in daily life with the amount allotted for each person each day on a Space Shuttle. They estimate and measure the heaviness of, and amount of space occupied by, a gallon of water. They collect, organize, graph, analyze, and interpret data from their investigations.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** What Is the Best Chip?

**Description:**
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students use data analysis to seek answers to the types of questions often posed by consumer agencies and people who work in sales and marketing. Students gather, organize, and analyze data to determine the best snack chip.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**What Is the Best Chip?

**Description:**In this lesson, from Illuminations, students use data analysis to seek answers to the types of questions often posed by consumer agencies and people who work in sales and marketing. Students gather, organize, and analyze data to determine the best snack chip.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Healthy Eating

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students collect data about the food knowledge of class members. They create bar graphs, pose and answer questions about the data by looking at the graphs, and find the range and mode.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Health,Mathematics

**Title:**Healthy Eating

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students collect data about the food knowledge of class members. They create bar graphs, pose and answer questions about the data by looking at the graphs, and find the range and mode.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Pizza at Home

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students focus on gathering and interpreting data about pizza. Students examine statistics about pizza and children s favorite foods and then complete an at-home activity sheet with their parents.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Pizza at Home

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students focus on gathering and interpreting data about pizza. Students examine statistics about pizza and children s favorite foods and then complete an at-home activity sheet with their parents.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Can You Picture It?

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students collect data about favorite vegetables, record the data in a pictograph, and then interpret this representation. They also create and use legends for the pictograph.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Health,Mathematics

**Title:**Can You Picture It?

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students collect data about favorite vegetables, record the data in a pictograph, and then interpret this representation. They also create and use legends for the pictograph.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Last Names Next

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students collect data based on the number of letters in their first and last names. They then create bar graphs and circle graphs and find the range and mode of the two data sets.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Last Names Next

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students collect data based on the number of letters in their first and last names. They then create bar graphs and circle graphs and find the range and mode of the two data sets.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** The Soup Spot

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students conduct a survey based on a food court theme and then create pictographs and line plots. They also determine the number of possible combinations given two variables.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**The Soup Spot

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students conduct a survey based on a food court theme and then create pictographs and line plots. They also determine the number of possible combinations given two variables.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Count on Math

**Description:**
In this unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, students develop number sense through activities involving collection, representation, and analysis of data. In addition, students practice reading and writing large numbers and use estimation to arrive at appropriate answers.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [S-ID3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Count on Math

**Description:**In this unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, students develop number sense through activities involving collection, representation, and analysis of data. In addition, students practice reading and writing large numbers and use estimation to arrive at appropriate answers.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5,6,7,8

**Title:** A Tale of Two Stories

**Description:**
This unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, focuses on on developing the process of classification, especially an awareness of similarities and differences. The activities use The Three Little Pigs and Cinderella to motivate students to think and reason mathematically.
**Standard(s): **

[ELA2015] (5) 30: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. [W.5.9]

**Subject:**Language Arts,Mathematics

**Title:**A Tale of Two Stories

**Description:**This unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, focuses on on developing the process of classification, especially an awareness of similarities and differences. The activities use The Three Little Pigs and Cinderella to motivate students to think and reason mathematically.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Clothing Sizes

**Description:**
This reproducible worksheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to analyze measurements of their body, specifically as they relate to clothing sizes.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 20: Recognize volume as an attribute of solid figures, and understand concepts of volume measurement. [5-MD3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Clothing Sizes

**Description:**This reproducible worksheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to analyze measurements of their body, specifically as they relate to clothing sizes.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Describing Data

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students create glyphs based on the characteristics of their names. They also enter related data into a spreadsheet and sort it in several ways.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Describing Data

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students create glyphs based on the characteristics of their names. They also enter related data into a spreadsheet and sort it in several ways.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Planning a Class Field Trip

**Description:**
This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, focuses students attention on the variables used in planning trips. It captures students interest, provides a review of the primary unit objectives, and assesses students prior knowledge. This experience enables students to consider the variables that must be accounted for in planning a class field trip.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Planning a Class Field Trip

**Description:**This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, focuses students attention on the variables used in planning trips. It captures students interest, provides a review of the primary unit objectives, and assesses students prior knowledge. This experience enables students to consider the variables that must be accounted for in planning a class field trip.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Making Beds

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. They listen to the story How Big Is a Foot? by Rolf Myller and then explore the need for a standard unit of measure.
**Standard(s): **

[ELA2015] (5) 1: Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. [RL.5.1]

**Subject:**Language Arts,Mathematics

**Title:**Making Beds

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. They listen to the story How Big Is a Foot? by Rolf Myller and then explore the need for a standard unit of measure.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

**Title:** Eat Your Veggies

**Description:**
In this eight-unit lesson from Illuminations, students collect and display data in a variety of ways, beginning with tallies and pictographs. Later lessons focus on representing data using bar graphs, line plots, circle graphs, box-and-whisker plots, and glyphs. Students also compare graphs from two sets of data and find the range, median, mean, and mode of each set.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Health,Mathematics

**Title:**Eat Your Veggies

**Description:**In this eight-unit lesson from Illuminations, students collect and display data in a variety of ways, beginning with tallies and pictographs. Later lessons focus on representing data using bar graphs, line plots, circle graphs, box-and-whisker plots, and glyphs. Students also compare graphs from two sets of data and find the range, median, mean, and mode of each set.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** State Population Projections

**Description:**
In Illuminations lesson plan, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations about population projection, students examine the United States Census Bureau Web site to investigate projections of the total population of states from 1995 to 2025. Using the provided data, students analyze statistics from five states of their choice, develop specific research questions using the data, and create three graphs to compare and contrast the information.
**Standard(s): **

[SS2010] GHS (3) 7: Describe the relationship between locations of resources and patterns of population distribution.

**Subject:**Mathematics,Social Studies

**Title:**State Population Projections

**Description:**In Illuminations lesson plan, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations about population projection, students examine the United States Census Bureau Web site to investigate projections of the total population of states from 1995 to 2025. Using the provided data, students analyze statistics from five states of their choice, develop specific research questions using the data, and create three graphs to compare and contrast the information.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** What Counties Are Your Favorite?

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students use their knowledge to gather data on ten of their favorite counties (places they might like to live, visit, etc.) within a specific state. Students hone their place value skills by representing numbers in various ways, including standard, written, and expanded form.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**What Counties Are Your Favorite?

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students use their knowledge to gather data on ten of their favorite counties (places they might like to live, visit, etc.) within a specific state. Students hone their place value skills by representing numbers in various ways, including standard, written, and expanded form.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Every Breath You Take

**Description:**
This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, focuses on problem solving, reasoning, and communication skills. This lesson enables students to see connections among various mathematical concepts and principles in the real world.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3-MD4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Every Breath You Take

**Description:**This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, focuses on problem solving, reasoning, and communication skills. This lesson enables students to see connections among various mathematical concepts and principles in the real world.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Telling Racing Stories

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students model races in which runners start from various positions. They enter numbers in a table of values, model races on a coordinate grid, and compare the results. Students begin to develop an understanding of linear relationships.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 24: Represent real-world and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation. [5-G2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Telling Racing Stories

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students model races in which runners start from various positions. They enter numbers in a table of values, model races on a coordinate grid, and compare the results. Students begin to develop an understanding of linear relationships.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Pitching Cards

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on the uses of numbers. The activities use the theme of games to develop concepts of measurement and statistics. Students are asked to measure distances using standard and nonstandard units and to record their measurement in various tables. They are then asked to use descriptive statistics to report the results.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Pitching Cards

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on the uses of numbers. The activities use the theme of games to develop concepts of measurement and statistics. Students are asked to measure distances using standard and nonstandard units and to record their measurement in various tables. They are then asked to use descriptive statistics to report the results.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** My Own Measurements

**Description:**
This reproducible activity, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to estimate several of their own body measurements and then compare them to the actual measurements.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a two-column table. [4-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**My Own Measurements

**Description:**This reproducible activity, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to estimate several of their own body measurements and then compare them to the actual measurements.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Information Represented Graphically

**Description:**
In this three-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they analyze information represented graphically. Students are asked to discuss, describe, read, and write about the graphs and the information they contain.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (7) 18: Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions. [7-SP2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Information Represented Graphically

**Description:**In this three-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they analyze information represented graphically. Students are asked to discuss, describe, read, and write about the graphs and the information they contain.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

**Title:** Makeshift Measurements: Student Reproducible

**Description:**
This reproducible chart, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to measure and record the length and width of several common items that come in standard sizes, such as envelopes, paper, etc.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Makeshift Measurements: Student Reproducible

**Description:**This reproducible chart, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to measure and record the length and width of several common items that come in standard sizes, such as envelopes, paper, etc.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Inch by Inch

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students use an actual ruler to represent various fractions as lengths. This lesson builds on work done in a previous lesson with nonstandard measurement as students use a standard instrument to measure a variety of items. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Inch by Inch

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students use an actual ruler to represent various fractions as lengths. This lesson builds on work done in a previous lesson with nonstandard measurement as students use a standard instrument to measure a variety of items. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Classroom Paper

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students investigate data in connection with recyclable materials and develop plans to help the environment. Students gather and graph information about their classroom paper use over a period of several days and then interpret graphical information and use the data as a basis for future planning.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 24: Represent real-world and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation. [5-G2]

**Subject:**Mathematics,Science

**Title:**Classroom Paper

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students investigate data in connection with recyclable materials and develop plans to help the environment. Students gather and graph information about their classroom paper use over a period of several days and then interpret graphical information and use the data as a basis for future planning.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5

**Title:** Representing Data

**Description:**
This unit of four lessons, from Illuminations, focuses on the application of mathematics to real-world situations. Students must deal with data to complete an organized chart for the purpose of transferring information to a graph or for generalizing a rule. The unit includes an individual activity for four different levels, 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, and 7-8.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Representing Data

**Description:**This unit of four lessons, from Illuminations, focuses on the application of mathematics to real-world situations. Students must deal with data to complete an organized chart for the purpose of transferring information to a graph or for generalizing a rule. The unit includes an individual activity for four different levels, 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, and 7-8.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,PreK,1,2

**Title:** Patterns on Charts

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students find, record, and analyze patterns on hundred and multiplication charts. They also use an interactive online shape tool and an online calculator to generate patterns and then record them on a chart.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5-MD2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Patterns on Charts

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students find, record, and analyze patterns on hundred and multiplication charts. They also use an interactive online shape tool and an online calculator to generate patterns and then record them on a chart.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Makeshift Measurements

**Description:**
In this Illuminations lesson, students explore the concept of standard size. They verify measurements for some objects that come in standard sizes, use these objects to determine the size or spacing of other objects and suggest additional objects that can be included in the class list of makeshift measures.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 23: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving perimeters of polygons, including finding the perimeter given the side lengths, finding an unknown side length, and exhibiting rectangles with the same perimeter and different areas or with the same area and different perimeters. [3-MD8]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Makeshift Measurements

**Description:**In this Illuminations lesson, students explore the concept of standard size. They verify measurements for some objects that come in standard sizes, use these objects to determine the size or spacing of other objects and suggest additional objects that can be included in the class list of makeshift measures.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Number and Operations Web Links

**Description:**
This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 26: Classify two-dimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5-G4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Number and Operations Web Links

**Description:**This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

**Title:** Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Tracks

**Description:**
Mathematical games can foster mathematical communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. In addition, games can motivate students and engage them in thinking about and applying concepts and skills. This e-example from Illuminations contains an interactive version of a game that can be used in the grades 3-5 classroom to support students' learning about fractions. e-Math Investigations are selected e-examples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The e-examples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the e-examples are natural companions to the i-Math investigations.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 26: Classify two-dimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5-G4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Tracks

**Description:**Mathematical games can foster mathematical communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. In addition, games can motivate students and engage them in thinking about and applying concepts and skills. This e-example from Illuminations contains an interactive version of a game that can be used in the grades 3-5 classroom to support students' learning about fractions. e-Math Investigations are selected e-examples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The e-examples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the e-examples are natural companions to the i-Math investigations.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Collecting, Representing, and Interpreting Data Using Spreadsheets and Graphing Software: Representing and Interpreting Data

**Description:**
This is part two of a two-part e-example from Illuminations that illustrates how weather data can be collected and examined using these spreadsheets and graphing software. In this second part, Representing and Interpreting Data, students use the graphing functions of a spreadsheet to help them interpret data. e-Math Investigations are selected e-examples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (PSSM). Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the e-examples are natural companions to the i-Math Investigations.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3-MD4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Collecting, Representing, and Interpreting Data Using Spreadsheets and Graphing Software: Representing and Interpreting Data

**Description:**This is part two of a two-part e-example from Illuminations that illustrates how weather data can be collected and examined using these spreadsheets and graphing software. In this second part, Representing and Interpreting Data, students use the graphing functions of a spreadsheet to help them interpret data. e-Math Investigations are selected e-examples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (PSSM). Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the e-examples are natural companions to the i-Math Investigations.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Track Leatherback Sea Turtles

**Description:**
Activity. Students plot the migration routes of actual leatherback sea turtles, which satellites are tracking as the turtles cross the Atlantic Ocean.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (5) 23: Use a pair of perpendicular number lines, called axes, to define a coordinate system with the intersection of the lines (the origin) arranged to coincide with the 0 on each line and a given point in the plane located by using an ordered pair of numbers, called its coordinates. Understand that the first number indicates how far to travel from the origin in the direction of one axis, and the second number indicates how far to travel in the direction of the second axis, with the convention that the names of the two axes and the coordinates correspond (e.g., *x*-axis and *x*-coordinate, *y*-axis and *y*-coordinate). [5-G1]

**Subject:**Geography,Mathematics,Science

**Title:**Track Leatherback Sea Turtles

**Description:**Activity. Students plot the migration routes of actual leatherback sea turtles, which satellites are tracking as the turtles cross the Atlantic Ocean.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**National Geographic Education

**Grade Span:**3,4,5

**Title:** Reducing the Impact of a Flood
**Standard(s): **

[SC2015] (3) 15: Evaluate a design solution (e.g., flood barriers, wind resistant roofs,
lightning rods) that reduces the impact of a weather-related hazard.***Unit Plan Overview:** In relation to science, students will evaluate a dam design that reduces the impacts of a flood. Students will describe the relationship between scientific ideas or concepts using language that pertains to cause and effect in reference to dam design. Using technology to produce and publish writing, students will interact and collaborate with others on their dam design. In math, students will draw a scaled bar graph to represent dam and flood data over time and then use rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch to measure lengths and construct their own dam. Students will also interpret various primary sources for reconstructing the past, including documents and photographs about dam designs.
This unit was created as a part of the ALEX Interdisciplinary Resource Development Summit.

**Title:**Reducing the Impact of a Flood

**Unit Plan Overview:**In relation to science, students will evaluate a dam design that reduces the impacts of a flood. Students will describe the relationship between scientific ideas or concepts using language that pertains to cause and effect in reference to dam design. Using technology to produce and publish writing, students will interact and collaborate with others on their dam design. In math, students will draw a scaled bar graph to represent dam and flood data over time and then use rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch to measure lengths and construct their own dam. Students will also interpret various primary sources for reconstructing the past, including documents and photographs about dam designs. This unit was created as a part of the ALEX Interdisciplinary Resource Development Summit.