**Title:** Family Ties: Parabolas

**Description:**
This lesson allows students to manipulate the parameters while using the vertex form of the equation of a parabola to see the effects on the graph. The spreadsheet can be altered for other functions.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AM1 (9-12) 11: (+) Know the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra; show that it is true for quadratic polynomials. Understand the importance of using complex numbers in graphing functions on the Cartesian or complex plane. [N-CN9] (Alabama)

**Subject:**Mathematics (9 - 12), or Technology Education (9 - 12)

**Title:**Family Ties: Parabolas

**Description:**This lesson allows students to manipulate the parameters while using the vertex form of the equation of a parabola to see the effects on the graph. The spreadsheet can be altered for other functions.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.

**Title:** Exponential Growth and Decay

**Description:**
This lesson on exponential growth and decay involves a variety of teaching resources. There are a variety of websites used to teach and reinforce how to identify exponential growth or decay and how to solve problems relating to growth and decay. There is a lab provided that will help model these concepts being taught and computer based practice on these concepts. Videos are provided that give a picture image of how exponential growth and decay works. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] PRE (9-12) 25: Compare effects of parameter changes on graphs of transcendental functions. (Alabama)

**Subject:**Mathematics (9 - 12)

**Title:**Exponential Growth and Decay

**Description:**This lesson on exponential growth and decay involves a variety of teaching resources. There are a variety of websites used to teach and reinforce how to identify exponential growth or decay and how to solve problems relating to growth and decay. There is a lab provided that will help model these concepts being taught and computer based practice on these concepts. Videos are provided that give a picture image of how exponential growth and decay works. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

**Title:** Math is Functional

**Description:**
This lesson is a technology-based activity in which students extend graphing of linear functions to the use of spreadsheet software. After students have become proficient in constructing a table of values, students are able to efficiently graph equations with more extensive computational requirements. Furthermore, inquiry and discovery about slope and y-intercept will help students conceptualize material normally presented in Algebra I textbooks.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [A-CED2]

**Subject:**Mathematics (9 - 12), or Technology Education (9 - 12)

**Title:**Math is Functional

**Description:**This lesson is a technology-based activity in which students extend graphing of linear functions to the use of spreadsheet software. After students have become proficient in constructing a table of values, students are able to efficiently graph equations with more extensive computational requirements. Furthermore, inquiry and discovery about slope and y-intercept will help students conceptualize material normally presented in Algebra I textbooks.

**Title:** You Mean ANYTHING To The Zero Power Is One?

**Description:**
This lesson is a technology-based project to reinforce concepts related to the Exponential Function. It can be used in conjunction with any textbook practice set. Construction of computer models of several Exponential Functions will promote meaningful learning rather than memorization.
**Standard(s): **

**Subject:**Mathematics (9 - 12), or Technology Education (9 - 12)

**Title:**You Mean ANYTHING To The Zero Power Is One?

**Description:**This lesson is a technology-based project to reinforce concepts related to the Exponential Function. It can be used in conjunction with any textbook practice set. Construction of computer models of several Exponential Functions will promote meaningful learning rather than memorization.

**Title:** Creating a Payroll Spreadsheet

**Description:**
Spreadsheet software allows you to calculate numbers arranged in rows and columns for specific financial tasks. This activity allows students to create an "Employee Work/Pay Schedule" spreadsheet to reinforce spreadsheet skills. Students will practice spreadsheet skills by entering data, creating formulas, and using formatting commands.
**Standard(s): **

**Subject:**Mathematics (9 - 12), or Technology Education (9 - 12)

**Title:**Creating a Payroll Spreadsheet

**Description:**Spreadsheet software allows you to calculate numbers arranged in rows and columns for specific financial tasks. This activity allows students to create an "Employee Work/Pay Schedule" spreadsheet to reinforce spreadsheet skills. Students will practice spreadsheet skills by entering data, creating formulas, and using formatting commands.

**Title:** Swimming Pool Math

**Description:**
Students will use a swimming pool example to practice finding perimeter and area of different rectangles.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] (8) 24: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres, and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems. [8-G9]

**Subject:**Mathematics (6 - 12)

**Title:**Swimming Pool Math

**Description:**Students will use a swimming pool example to practice finding perimeter and area of different rectangles.

**Title:** How Should I Move?

**Description:**
In this Illuminations lesson, a motion detector is used to help students understand graphs and equations. Students experience constant and variable rates of change and are challenged to consider graphs where no movements are possible to create them. Multiple representations are used throughout the lesson to allow students to build their fluency with in how graphs, tables, equations, and physical modeling are connected. The lesson also allows students to investigate multiple function types, including linear, exponential, quadratic, and piecewise.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [F-IF7]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**How Should I Move?

**Description:**In this Illuminations lesson, a motion detector is used to help students understand graphs and equations. Students experience constant and variable rates of change and are challenged to consider graphs where no movements are possible to create them. Multiple representations are used throughout the lesson to allow students to build their fluency with in how graphs, tables, equations, and physical modeling are connected. The lesson also allows students to investigate multiple function types, including linear, exponential, quadratic, and piecewise.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8,9,10,11,12

**Title:** Analyzing the Data

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore the development of a mathematical model for the decay of light passing through water, in a rich exploration of exponential models in context. They use an interactive Java applet to explore related algebraic functions.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [F-IF7]

**Subject:**Mathematics,Science

**Title:**Analyzing the Data

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore the development of a mathematical model for the decay of light passing through water, in a rich exploration of exponential models in context. They use an interactive Java applet to explore related algebraic functions.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Exact Ratio

**Description:**
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, features a series of questions pertaining to exact ratios and geometric sequences. In the lesson, students measure lengths on stringed musical instruments and discuss how the placement of frets on a fretted instrument is determined by a geometric sequence.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [F-BF2]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Exact Ratio

**Description:**This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, features a series of questions pertaining to exact ratios and geometric sequences. In the lesson, students measure lengths on stringed musical instruments and discuss how the placement of frets on a fretted instrument is determined by a geometric sequence.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Make a Conjecture

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They are asked to think about the mathematics involved in determining the amount of blood being pumped by a heart.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [F-BF2]

**Subject:**Health,Mathematics

**Title:**Make a Conjecture

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They are asked to think about the mathematics involved in determining the amount of blood being pumped by a heart.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Graph Chart

**Description:**
Using this reproducible chart, from an Illuminations lesson, students record the independent and dependent variables, the function, symbolic function rule and rationale for a set of graphs. This resource can also be used as an overhead transparency so students can share their results with their classmates.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. *Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.** [F-IF4]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Graph Chart

**Description:**Using this reproducible chart, from an Illuminations lesson, students record the independent and dependent variables, the function, symbolic function rule and rationale for a set of graphs. This resource can also be used as an overhead transparency so students can share their results with their classmates.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Graphing What

**Description:**
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, is used by students to record independent and dependent variables as well as the function and symbolic function rule for a set of graphs.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [F-BF1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Graphing What

**Description:**This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, is used by students to record independent and dependent variables as well as the function and symbolic function rule for a set of graphs.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Think of a Graph

**Description:**
This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, asks students to sketch a graph in which the side length of a square is graphed on the horizontal axis and the perimeter of the square is graphed on the vertical axis.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALC (9-12) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama)

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Think of a Graph

**Description:**This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, asks students to sketch a graph in which the side length of a square is graphed on the horizontal axis and the perimeter of the square is graphed on the vertical axis.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Finding Our Top Speed

**Description:**
This Illuminations lesson sets the stage for a discussion of travel in the solar system. By considering a real-world, hands-on activity, students develop their understanding of time and distance. The mathematics necessary for the lesson relate to measuring time and distance as well as graphing to portray the data collected.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [S-ID7]

**Subject:**Mathematics,Science

**Title:**Finding Our Top Speed

**Description:**This Illuminations lesson sets the stage for a discussion of travel in the solar system. By considering a real-world, hands-on activity, students develop their understanding of time and distance. The mathematics necessary for the lesson relate to measuring time and distance as well as graphing to portray the data collected.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8

**Title:** Apple Pie Recording Chart

**Description:**
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to use strings and rulers to measure and record the distance around several round objects, as well as the distance across the middle of those objects.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [S-ID7]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Apple Pie Recording Chart

**Description:**This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to use strings and rulers to measure and record the distance around several round objects, as well as the distance across the middle of those objects.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8

**Title:** Do You Hear What I Hear?

**Description:**
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the dynamics of a sound wave. Students use an interactive Java applet to view the effects of changing the initial string displacement and the initial tension.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] PRE (9-12) 26: Determine the amplitude, period, phase shift, domain, and range of trigonometric functions and their inverses. (Alabama)

**Subject:**Mathematics,Science

**Title:**Do You Hear What I Hear?

**Description:**In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the dynamics of a sound wave. Students use an interactive Java applet to view the effects of changing the initial string displacement and the initial tension.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Automobile Mileage: Comparing and Contrasting

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students compare and contrast their findings from previous lessons of the unit. This lesson allows students the time they need to think about and discuss what they have done in the previous lessons. This lesson provides the teacher with another opportunity to listen to student discourse and assess student understanding.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [F-BF1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Automobile Mileage: Comparing and Contrasting

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students compare and contrast their findings from previous lessons of the unit. This lesson allows students the time they need to think about and discuss what they have done in the previous lessons. This lesson provides the teacher with another opportunity to listen to student discourse and assess student understanding.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Bathtub Water Levels

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students examine real-life data that illustrates a negative slope. Students interpret the meaning of the negative slope and y-intercept of the graph of the real-life data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and y-intercept of the least squares regression line to the real-life data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [F-BF1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Bathtub Water Levels

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students examine real-life data that illustrates a negative slope. Students interpret the meaning of the negative slope and y-intercept of the graph of the real-life data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and y-intercept of the least squares regression line to the real-life data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Exploring Linear Data

**Description:**
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students model linear data in a variety of settings. Students can work alone or in small groups to construct scatterplots, interpret data points and trends, and investigate the notion of line of best fit.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [F-BF1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Exploring Linear Data

**Description:**In this lesson, from Illuminations, students model linear data in a variety of settings. Students can work alone or in small groups to construct scatterplots, interpret data points and trends, and investigate the notion of line of best fit.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8,9,10,11,12

**Title:** Gallery Walk

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students view the work of other students in the class and explain their own work. Students move from graph to graph during this time and, without any talking, view the work of their classmates. While on their Gallery Walk, the students think about the data their classmates plotted and whether or not the information accompanying each graph seems appropriate. Each pair of students then stands next to their own work and explains one of the graphs.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [F-BF1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Gallery Walk

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students view the work of other students in the class and explain their own work. Students move from graph to graph during this time and, without any talking, view the work of their classmates. While on their Gallery Walk, the students think about the data their classmates plotted and whether or not the information accompanying each graph seems appropriate. Each pair of students then stands next to their own work and explains one of the graphs.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Least Squares Regression

**Description:**
In this nine-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students interpret the slope and y-intercept of least squares regression lines in the context of real-life data. Students use an interactive applet to plot the data and calculate the correlation coefficient and equation of the least squares regression line. These lessons develop skills in connecting, communicating, reasoning, and problem solving as well as representing fundamental ideas about data.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [F-BF1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Least Squares Regression

**Description:**In this nine-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students interpret the slope and y-intercept of least squares regression lines in the context of real-life data. Students use an interactive applet to plot the data and calculate the correlation coefficient and equation of the least squares regression line. These lessons develop skills in connecting, communicating, reasoning, and problem solving as well as representing fundamental ideas about data.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** The Effects of Outliers

**Description:**
This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, provides students with the opportunity to investigate the relationship between a set of data points and a curve used to fit the data points, using a computer-based interactive tool. Using the Regression Line Applet, students investigate the effect of outliers on a regression line and easily see their significance.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] PRE (9-12) 44: Understand statistics as a process for making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population. [S-IC1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**The Effects of Outliers

**Description:**This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, provides students with the opportunity to investigate the relationship between a set of data points and a curve used to fit the data points, using a computer-based interactive tool. Using the Regression Line Applet, students investigate the effect of outliers on a regression line and easily see their significance.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Traveling Distances

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students interpret the meaning of the slope and y-intercept of a graph of real-life data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and y-intercept of the least squares regression line to the real-life data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the resulting least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [F-BF1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Traveling Distances

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students interpret the meaning of the slope and y-intercept of a graph of real-life data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and y-intercept of the least squares regression line to the real-life data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the resulting least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Building Bridges

**Description:**
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students attempt to make a transition from arithmetical to algebraic thinking by extending from problems that have single-solution responses. Values organized into tables and graphs are used to move toward symbolic representations. Problem situations involving linear, quadratic, and exponential models are employed.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [S-ID6]

**Subject:**Mathematics,Professional Development

**Title:**Building Bridges

**Description:**In this lesson, from Illuminations, students attempt to make a transition from arithmetical to algebraic thinking by extending from problems that have single-solution responses. Values organized into tables and graphs are used to move toward symbolic representations. Problem situations involving linear, quadratic, and exponential models are employed.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8

**Title:** Egg Launch Contest

**Description:**
Students will represent quadratic functions as a table, with a graph, and with an equation. They will compare the data and move between the representations. They will use a calculator as a tool to determine the equations for the functions and view the graphs.
**Standard(s): **

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Egg Launch Contest

**Description:**Students will represent quadratic functions as a table, with a graph, and with an equation. They will compare the data and move between the representations. They will use a calculator as a tool to determine the equations for the functions and view the graphs.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Using Graphs, Equations, and Tables to Investigate the Elimination of Medicine from the Body: Modeling the Situation

**Description:**
This three-part e-example from Illuminations illustrates the use of iteration, recursion, and algebra to model and analyze the changing amount of medicine in an athlete's body. This example includes: (1) an interactive environment used to become familiar with the parameters involved and the range of results that can be obtained, (2) an interactive environment used to investigate how changing parameter values affects the stabilization level of medicine in the body, and (3) an interactive graphical analysis that provides a visual interpretation of the results. e-Math Investigations are selected e-examples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The e-examples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the e-examples are natural companions to the i-Math investigations.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [S-ID7]

**Subject:**Mathematics,Science

**Title:**Using Graphs, Equations, and Tables to Investigate the Elimination of Medicine from the Body: Modeling the Situation

**Description:**This three-part e-example from Illuminations illustrates the use of iteration, recursion, and algebra to model and analyze the changing amount of medicine in an athlete's body. This example includes: (1) an interactive environment used to become familiar with the parameters involved and the range of results that can be obtained, (2) an interactive environment used to investigate how changing parameter values affects the stabilization level of medicine in the body, and (3) an interactive graphical analysis that provides a visual interpretation of the results. e-Math Investigations are selected e-examples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The e-examples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the e-examples are natural companions to the i-Math investigations.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Flowing Through Mathematics

**Description:**
This student interactive, from Illuminations, simulates water flowing from a tube through a hole in the bottom. The diameter of the hole can be adjusted and data can be gathered for the height or volume of water in the tube at any time.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALC (9-12) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama)

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Flowing Through Mathematics

**Description:**This student interactive, from Illuminations, simulates water flowing from a tube through a hole in the bottom. The diameter of the hole can be adjusted and data can be gathered for the height or volume of water in the tube at any time.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Tube Viewer Simulation

**Description:**
This student interactive, from Illuminations, simulates the effect of viewing an image through a tube. As students move the location of the person or change the length of the tube, the image and measurements also change.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [F-BF1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Tube Viewer Simulation

**Description:**This student interactive, from Illuminations, simulates the effect of viewing an image through a tube. As students move the location of the person or change the length of the tube, the image and measurements also change.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12