**Title:** Statistically Thinking

**Description:**
The object of this project is for students to learn how to find univariate and bivariate statistics for sets of data. Also, the students will be able to determine if two sets of data are linearly correlated and to what degree. The students will use Microsoft PowerPoint and Excel to find, organize, and present their projects to the class.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALC (9-12) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama)

**Subject:**Mathematics (7 - 12)

**Title:**Statistically Thinking

**Description:**The object of this project is for students to learn how to find univariate and bivariate statistics for sets of data. Also, the students will be able to determine if two sets of data are linearly correlated and to what degree. The students will use Microsoft PowerPoint and Excel to find, organize, and present their projects to the class.

**Title:** Dice Roll Project

**Description:**
This project is a fun way for students to observe the integration of a probability lesson with spreadsheet software. Students will record 36 rolls of a pair of dice. After they record their data, students will manually calculate the mean, median, mode and range. Students will then observe how quickly a computer can do those same calculations and many more things with that same data. Students will also compare experimental outcomes to the theoretical outcome.
**Standard(s): **

**Subject:**Mathematics (7 - 12), or Technology Education (9 - 12)

**Title:**Dice Roll Project

**Description:**This project is a fun way for students to observe the integration of a probability lesson with spreadsheet software. Students will record 36 rolls of a pair of dice. After they record their data, students will manually calculate the mean, median, mode and range. Students will then observe how quickly a computer can do those same calculations and many more things with that same data. Students will also compare experimental outcomes to the theoretical outcome.

**Title:** Ballistic Statistics!

**Description:**
Students will collect examples of various statistical instruments and form an electronic scrapbook. These materials will be gathered from electronic sources in addition to periodicals and other print resources.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALC (9-12) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama)

**Subject:**Mathematics (9 - 12), or Technology Education (9 - 12)

**Title:**Ballistic Statistics!

**Description:**Students will collect examples of various statistical instruments and form an electronic scrapbook. These materials will be gathered from electronic sources in addition to periodicals and other print resources.

**Title:** The National Debt and Wars: Suggested Solutions

**Description:**
These reproducible graphs, from an Illuminations lesson, feature possible solutions to a student activity sheet in which students collect information about the national debt, plot the data by decade and determine whether an exponential curve is a good fit for the data.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALC (9-12) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama)

**Subject:**Mathematics,Social Studies

**Title:**The National Debt and Wars: Suggested Solutions

**Description:**These reproducible graphs, from an Illuminations lesson, feature possible solutions to a student activity sheet in which students collect information about the national debt, plot the data by decade and determine whether an exponential curve is a good fit for the data.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Make a Conjecture

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They are asked to think about the mathematics involved in determining the amount of blood being pumped by a heart.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [F-BF2]

**Subject:**Health,Mathematics

**Title:**Make a Conjecture

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They are asked to think about the mathematics involved in determining the amount of blood being pumped by a heart.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Count on Math

**Description:**
In this unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, students develop number sense through activities involving collection, representation, and analysis of data. In addition, students practice reading and writing large numbers and use estimation to arrive at appropriate answers.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [S-ID3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Count on Math

**Description:**In this unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, students develop number sense through activities involving collection, representation, and analysis of data. In addition, students practice reading and writing large numbers and use estimation to arrive at appropriate answers.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5,6,7,8

**Title:** Getting into the Electoral College

**Description:**
In this unit of 3 lessons from Illuminations, students are engaged in activities involving percentages, ratios, and area, with a focus throughout on building problem-solving and reasoning skills. They are designed to be used individually to fit within curriculum being covered at the time of an election. Additionally, the lesson extensions include many ideas for interdisciplinary activities and some possible school-wide activities.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] ALC (9-12) 11: Use ratios of perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar figures to solve applied problems. (Alabama)

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Getting into the Electoral College

**Description:**In this unit of 3 lessons from Illuminations, students are engaged in activities involving percentages, ratios, and area, with a focus throughout on building problem-solving and reasoning skills. They are designed to be used individually to fit within curriculum being covered at the time of an election. Additionally, the lesson extensions include many ideas for interdisciplinary activities and some possible school-wide activities.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8

**Title:** Why Is California So Important?

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students learn about the mechanics of the electoral college and use the State Data Map applet to gather data on the population and electoral votes for each state. Several questions are provided to strengthen understanding of measures of central tendency and fluency with decimals and percents.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [S-ID3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Why Is California So Important?

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students learn about the mechanics of the electoral college and use the State Data Map applet to gather data on the population and electoral votes for each state. Several questions are provided to strengthen understanding of measures of central tendency and fluency with decimals and percents.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8

**Title:** Measuring Shadows

**Description:**
In this Science NetLinks lesson, students determine the pattern (length and direction) of shadows cast by sunlight during a several month period. They develop an interpretation of the daily and seasonal patterns and variations observed.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] MI1 (9-12) 11: Describe the development of mathematical tools and their applications. (Alabama)

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Measuring Shadows

**Description:**In this Science NetLinks lesson, students determine the pattern (length and direction) of shadows cast by sunlight during a several month period. They develop an interpretation of the daily and seasonal patterns and variations observed.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Science NetLinks

**Grade Span:**6,7,8

**Title:** State Names

**Description:**
In this Illuminations lesson, students use multiple representations to analyze the frequency of letters that occur in the names of all 50 states. In the process, they learn how various representations, including steam-and-leaf plots, box-and-whisker plots, and histograms, can be used to organize the data.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [S-ID3]

**Subject:**Mathematics,Social Studies

**Title:**State Names

**Description:**In this Illuminations lesson, students use multiple representations to analyze the frequency of letters that occur in the names of all 50 states. In the process, they learn how various representations, including steam-and-leaf plots, box-and-whisker plots, and histograms, can be used to organize the data.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5,6,7,8

**Title:** First Class First? Using Data to Explore the Tragedy of the Titanic

**Description:**
In this Science NetLinks lesson, students analyze and interpret data related to the crew and passengers of the Titanic. They draw conclusions to better understand the people who were lost or saved as a result of the disaster, and whether or not social status affected the outcome.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [S-ID3]

**Subject:**Mathematics, Social Studies

**Title:**First Class First? Using Data to Explore the Tragedy of the Titanic

**Description:**In this Science NetLinks lesson, students analyze and interpret data related to the crew and passengers of the Titanic. They draw conclusions to better understand the people who were lost or saved as a result of the disaster, and whether or not social status affected the outcome.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Science NetLinks

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Sticks and Stones

**Description:**
In this Illuminations lesson, students play Sticks and Stones, a game based on the Apache game Throw Sticks, which was played at multi-nation celebrations. Students collect data, investigate the likelihood of various moves, and use basic ideas of expected value to determine the average number of turns needed to win a game.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] PRE (9-12) 50: (+) Define a random variable for a quantity of interest by assigning a numerical value to each event in a sample space; graph the corresponding probability distribution using the same graphical displays as for data distributions. [S-MD1]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Sticks and Stones

**Description:**In this Illuminations lesson, students play Sticks and Stones, a game based on the Apache game Throw Sticks, which was played at multi-nation celebrations. Students collect data, investigate the likelihood of various moves, and use basic ideas of expected value to determine the average number of turns needed to win a game.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5,6,7,8

**Title:** Exploring Histograms

**Description:**
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students create their own sets of data using an interactive data analysis tool. They then examine how various statistical functions such as mean, median, and standard deviation depend on the choice of data. The lesson includes an interactive online applet.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [S-ID3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Exploring Histograms

**Description:**In this lesson, from Illuminations, students create their own sets of data using an interactive data analysis tool. They then examine how various statistical functions such as mean, median, and standard deviation depend on the choice of data. The lesson includes an interactive online applet.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8

**Title:** Gather Data

**Description:**
In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context by modeling cardiac output. They use an interactive Java applet to create a graph of the data they collect.
**Standard(s): **

**Subject:**Health,Mathematics

**Title:**Gather Data

**Description:**In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context by modeling cardiac output. They use an interactive Java applet to create a graph of the data they collect.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**9,10,11,12

**Title:** Using NBA Statistics for Box and Whisker Plots

**Description:**
Students use information from NBA statistics to make and compare box and whisker plots. The data provided in the lesson come from the NBA, but you could apply the lesson to data from the WNBA or any other sports teams or leagues for which player statistics are available.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [S-ID3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Using NBA Statistics for Box and Whisker Plots

**Description:**Students use information from NBA statistics to make and compare box and whisker plots. The data provided in the lesson come from the NBA, but you could apply the lesson to data from the WNBA or any other sports teams or leagues for which player statistics are available.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8

**Title:** Advanced Data Grapher

**Description:**
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [S-ID3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Advanced Data Grapher

**Description:**

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8,9,10,11,12

**Title:** Mean and Median

**Description:**
In this applet from Illuminations, students investigate the mean, median, and box-and-whisker plot for a set of data that they create. The data set may contain up to 15 integers, each with a value from 0 to 100.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [S-ID3]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Mean and Median

**Description:**In this applet from Illuminations, students investigate the mean, median, and box-and-whisker plot for a set of data that they create. The data set may contain up to 15 integers, each with a value from 0 to 100.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**6,7,8,9,10,11,12

**Title:** Histogram Tool

**Description:**
This student interactive, from Illuminations, allows students to create a customized histogram as well as display pre-set histograms for various data sets. The tool also allows students to see a frequency table, adjust the interval, and view the median and standard deviation of a data set.
**Standard(s): **

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 44: Summarize categorical data for two categories in two-way frequency tables. Interpret relative frequencies in the context of the data (including joint, marginal, and conditional relative frequencies). Recognize possible associations and trends in the data. [S-ID5]

**Subject:**Mathematics

**Title:**Histogram Tool

**Description:**This student interactive, from Illuminations, allows students to create a customized histogram as well as display pre-set histograms for various data sets. The tool also allows students to see a frequency table, adjust the interval, and view the median and standard deviation of a data set.

**Thinkfinity Partner:**Illuminations

**Grade Span:**3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12