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ALEX Classroom Resources  
   View Standards     Standard(s): [MA2015] GEO (9-12) 5 :
5 ) Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [G-CO5]

[MA2015] GEO (9-12) 35 :
35 ) Give an informal argument for the formulas for the circumference of a circle; area of a circle; and volume of a cylinder, pyramid, and cone. Use dissection arguments, Cavalieri's principle, and informal limit arguments. [G-GMD1]

[MA2015] PRE (9-12) 38 :
38 ) (+) Give an informal argument using Cavalieri's principle for the formulas for the volume of a sphere and other solid figures. [G-GMD2]

[MA2019] REG-7 (7) 19 :
19. Describe the two-dimensional figures created by slicing three-dimensional figures into plane sections.
[MA2019] REG-8 (8) 30 :
30. Use formulas to calculate the volumes of three-dimensional figures (cylinders, cones, and spheres) to solve real-world problems.
[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 16 :
16. Identify the shapes of two-dimensional cross-sections of three-dimensional objects, and identify three-dimensional objects generated by rotations of two-dimensional objects.
[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 17 :
17. Model and solve problems using surface area and volume of solids, including composite solids and solids with portions removed.

a. Give an informal argument for the formulas for the surface area and volume of a sphere, cylinder, pyramid, and cone using dissection arguments, Cavalieri's Principle, and informal limit arguments.

b. Apply geometric concepts to find missing dimensions to solve surface area or volume problems.
Subject: Mathematics (9 - 12), Mathematics (7 - 12)
Title: Cone Surface Area | School Yourself Geometry
URL: https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/geometry-cone-surface/cone-surface-area-school-yourself-geometry/
Description:

Use the Pythagorean theorem to unroll a cone and find its surface area with this interactive video from the School Yourself Geometry series.



   View Standards     Standard(s): [MA2015] GEO (9-12) 5 :
5 ) Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [G-CO5]

[MA2015] PRE (9-12) 38 :
38 ) (+) Give an informal argument using Cavalieri's principle for the formulas for the volume of a sphere and other solid figures. [G-GMD2]

[MA2019] REG-8 (8) 30 :
30. Use formulas to calculate the volumes of three-dimensional figures (cylinders, cones, and spheres) to solve real-world problems.
[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 16 :
16. Identify the shapes of two-dimensional cross-sections of three-dimensional objects, and identify three-dimensional objects generated by rotations of two-dimensional objects.
[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 17 :
17. Model and solve problems using surface area and volume of solids, including composite solids and solids with portions removed.

a. Give an informal argument for the formulas for the surface area and volume of a sphere, cylinder, pyramid, and cone using dissection arguments, Cavalieri's Principle, and informal limit arguments.

b. Apply geometric concepts to find missing dimensions to solve surface area or volume problems.
[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 36 :
36. Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to model objects and use those models to solve problems.
Subject: Mathematics (9 - 12), Mathematics (8 - 12)
Title: Strange Shapes | MIT's Science Out Loud
URL: https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/b043dcff-a47f-4027-95c9-1c47a53f5ade/strange-shapes/
Description:

In school, you learn about shapes with sides and edges, but there are weird shapes out there (beyond our 3 dimensions) that defy our normal idea of geometry. QuanQuan and Jenny explain, knit, and 3D print their way through these strange shapes.



   View Standards     Standard(s): [MA2015] GEO (9-12) 4 :
4 ) Develop definitions of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments. [G-CO4]

[MA2015] GEO (9-12) 5 :
5 ) Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [G-CO5]

[MA2015] GEO (9-12) 8 :
8 ) Explain how the criteria for triangle congruence, angle-side-angle (ASA), side-angle-side (SAS), and side-side-side (SSS), follow from the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions. [G-CO8]

[MA2015] GEO (9-12) 10 :
10 ) Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180o, base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent, the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length, and the medians of a triangle meet at a point. [G-CO10]

[MA2015] GEO (9-12) 11 :
11 ) Prove theorems about parallelograms. Theorems include opposite sides are congruent, opposite angles are congruent; the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other; and conversely, rectangles are parallelograms with congruent diagonals. [G-CO11]

[MA2015] GEO (9-12) 12 :
12 ) Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [G-CO12]

[MA2015] GEO (9-12) 13 :
13 ) Construct an equilateral triangle, a square, and a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle. [G-CO13]

[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 21 :
21. Represent transformations and compositions of transformations in the plane (coordinate and otherwise) using tools such as tracing paper and geometry software.

a. Describe transformations and compositions of transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs, using informal and formal notation.

b. Compare transformations which preserve distance and angle measure to those that do not.
[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 22 :
22. Explore rotations, reflections, and translations using graph paper, tracing paper, and geometry software.

a. Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the image of the transformed figure using graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software.

b. Specify a sequence of rotations, reflections, or translations that will carry a given figure onto another.

c. Draw figures with different types of symmetries and describe their attributes.
[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 24 :
24. Define congruence of two figures in terms of rigid motions (a sequence of translations, rotations, and reflections); show that two figures are congruent by finding a sequence of rigid motions that maps one figure to the other.
Example: △ABC is congruent to △XYZ since a reflection followed by a translation maps △ABC onto △XYZ.

[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 25 :
25. Verify criteria for showing triangles are congruent using a sequence of rigid motions that map one triangle to another.

a. Verify that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent.

b. Verify that two triangles are congruent if (but not only if) the following groups of corresponding parts are congruent: angle-side-angle (ASA), side-angle-side (SAS), side-side-side (SSS), and angle-angle-side (AAS).

Example: Given two triangles with two pairs of congruent corresponding sides and a pair of congruent included angles, show that there must be a sequence of rigid motions will map one onto the other.
[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 30 :
30. Develop and use precise definitions of figures such as angle, circle, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segment, based on the undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc.
[MA2019] GEO-19 (9-12) 31 :
31. Justify whether conjectures are true or false in order to prove theorems and then apply those theorems in solving problems, communicating proofs in a variety of ways, including flow chart, two-column, and paragraph formats.

a. Investigate, prove, and apply theorems about lines and angles, including but not limited to: vertical angles are congruent; when a transversal crosses parallel lines, alternate interior angles are congruent and corresponding angles are congruent; the points on the perpendicular bisector of a line segment are those equidistant from the segment's endpoints.

b. Investigate, prove, and apply theorems about triangles, including but not limited to: the sum of the measures of the interior angles of a triangle is 180?; the base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent; the segment joining the midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length; a line parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two proportionally, and conversely; the Pythagorean Theorem using triangle similarity.

c. Investigate, prove, and apply theorems about parallelograms and other quadrilaterals, including but not limited to both necessary and sufficient conditions for parallelograms and other quadrilaterals, as well as relationships among kinds of quadrilaterals.

Example: Prove that rectangles are parallelograms with congruent diagonals.

Subject: Mathematics (9 - 12), Mathematics (9 - 12)
Title: Geometry Module 1, Topic G: Axiomatic Systems
URL: https://www.engageny.org/resource/geometry-module-1-topic-g-overview
Description:

In Module 1, Topic G, students review material covered throughout the module. Additionally, students discuss the structure of geometry as an axiomatic system.



ALEX Classroom Resources: 3

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