Lesson Plans (3) | Classroom Resources (2) |

View Standards
**Standard(s): **
[SC2015] PS8 (8) 8 :

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 9 :

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

8 ) Use Newton's first law to demonstrate and explain that an object is either at rest or moves at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force (e.g., model car on a table remaining at rest until pushed).

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 9 :

9 ) Use Newton's second law to demonstrate and explain how changes in an object's motion depend on the sum of the external forces on the object and the mass of the object (e.g., billiard balls moving when hit with a cue stick).

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

10 ) Use Newton's third law to design a model to demonstrate and explain the
resulting motion of two colliding objects (e.g., two cars bumping into each
other, a hammer hitting a nail).*

The third installment of a three-part lesson on Newton's Laws of Motion, this lesson focuses on Newton's 2nd Law and offers review of all three laws. Students will complete graphic organizers to demonstrate their understanding of the three laws of motion. Students will work in tiered groups to prepare a brief presentation to share with the class on a real-life scenario demonstrating Newton's 2nd Law.

*This lesson results from a collaboration between the Alabama State Department of Education and ASTA.*

View Standards
**Standard(s): **
[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

10 ) Use Newton's third law to design a model to demonstrate and explain the
resulting motion of two colliding objects (e.g., two cars bumping into each
other, a hammer hitting a nail).*

As the second installment of a series of lessons on Newton's 3 Laws of Motion, this lesson focuses on Newton's Third Law. Students will take part in an activity exploring the motion of colliding objects. Students will photograph these collisions as a demonstration and explain how Newton's 3rd Law and balanced & unbalanced forces relate to their collision.

*This lesson results from a collaboration of the Alabama State Department of Education and ASTA.*

View Standards
**Standard(s): **
[SC2015] PS8 (8) 8 :

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

8 ) Use Newton's first law to demonstrate and explain that an object is either at rest or moves at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force (e.g., model car on a table remaining at rest until pushed).

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

10 ) Use Newton's third law to design a model to demonstrate and explain the
resulting motion of two colliding objects (e.g., two cars bumping into each
other, a hammer hitting a nail).*

This is a hands-on, cooperative learning activity where students are using items purchased from a grocery store to design a device and construct a shock-absorbing system out of paper, straws, and miniature marshmallows that will protect two astronauts when landing on Mars. Students are able to develop engineering skills to develop a spacecraft to land on Mars, a mission NASA is currently working on. Students propose a model of a spacecraft to land astronauts safely on the moon, test it, and then revise.

This lesson was created as part of the 2016 NASA STEM Standards of Practice Project, a collaboration between the Alabama State Department of Education and NASA Marshall Space Flight Center.

8 ) Use Newton's first law to demonstrate and explain that an object is either at rest or moves at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force (e.g., model car on a table remaining at rest until pushed).

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 9 :

9 ) Use Newton's second law to demonstrate and explain how changes in an object's motion depend on the sum of the external forces on the object and the mass of the object (e.g., billiard balls moving when hit with a cue stick).

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

The laws of nature are constantly influencing and interacting with our lives. Forces and motion are part of everything we do. How do we know what forces are acting on us or an object for that matter? Can we predict how the laws of motion will affect an object? Is it possible to create an art piece that can prove that these laws of nature exist? In this lesson, students will be able to study forces and motion vocabulary, visualize and describe the three laws of motion, discuss and design an art piece that justifies their knowledge and understanding of forces and motion, and present and interpret their art piece using vocabulary.

Energy does not change, and that means it is constant. When one object applies force to another, the energy becomes an equal and opposite reaction.

The classroom resource provides a video that will explain Newton's Third Law of Motion. This resource can provide background information for students before they conduct their own demonstrations. There is also a short test that can be used to assess students' understanding.