View Standards
**Standard(s): **
[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 11 :

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 30 :

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 33 :

[MA2015] PRE (9-12) 19 :

[MA2015] PRE (9-12) 18 :

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 16 :

*Example: Given two functions, one representing flow rate of water and the other representing evaporation of that water, combine the two functions to determine the amount of water in a container at a given time.*

*Example: Given the following relationships, determine what the expression *S(T(t))* represents.*

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 21 :

11 ) (+) Understand that rational expressions form a system analogous to the rational numbers, closed under addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division by a nonzero rational expression; add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational expressions. [A-APR7]

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 30 :

30 ) Graph functions expressed symbolically, and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [F-IF7]

a. Graph square root, cube root, and piecewise-defined functions, including step functions and absolute value functions. [F-IF7b]

b. Graph polynomial functions, identifying zeros when suitable factorizations are available, and showing end behavior. [F-IF7c]

c. Graph exponential and logarithmic functions, showing intercepts and end behavior, and trigonometric functions, showing period, midline, and amplitude. [F-IF7e]

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 33 :

33 ) Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [F-BF1]

a. Combine standard function types using arithmetic operations. [F-BF1b]

Example: Build a function that models the temperature of a cooling body by adding a constant function to a decaying exponential, and relate these functions to the model.

[MA2015] PRE (9-12) 19 :

19 ) (+) Compose functions. [F-BF1c]

Example: If *T*(*y*) is the temperature in the atmosphere as a function of height, and *h*(*t*) is the height of a weather balloon as a function of time, then *T*(*h*(*t*)) is the temperature at the location of the weather balloon as a function of time.

[MA2015] PRE (9-12) 18 :

18 ) Graph functions expressed symbolically, and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [F-IF7]

a. Graph square root, cube root, and piecewise-defined functions, including step functions and absolute value functions. [F-IF7b]

b. Graph polynomial functions, identifying zeros when suitable factorizations are available, and showing end behavior. [F-IF7c]

c. (+) Graph rational functions, identifying zeros and asymptotes when suitable factorizations are available, and showing end behavior. [F-IF7d]

d. Graph exponential and logarithmic functions, showing intercepts and end behavior, and trigonometric functions, showing period, midline, and amplitude. [F-IF7e]

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 16 :

16. Compare and contrast relations and functions represented by equations, graphs, or tables that show related values; determine whether a relation is a function. Explain that a function *f* is a special kind of relation defined by the equation *y = f(x)*.

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 17 : 17. Combine different types of standard functions to write, evaluate, and interpret functions in context. **Limit to linear, quadratic, exponential, and absolute value functions.**

a. Use arithmetic operations to combine different types of standard functions to write and evaluate functions.

b. Use function composition to combine different types of standard functions to write and evaluate functions.

Function | Input | Output |
---|---|---|

G |
Amount of studying: s |
Grade in course: G(s) |

S |
Grade in course: g |
Amount of screen time: S(g) |

T |
Amount of screen time: t |
Number of follers: T(t) |

21. Compare properties of two functions, each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). **Extend from linear to quadratic, exponential, absolute value, and general piecewise.**

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 30 : 30. Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.

a. Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts, maxima, and minima.

b. Graph piecewise-defined functions, including step functions and absolute value functions.

c. Graph exponential functions, showing intercepts and end behavior.

In Module 3, Topic B, students explore the composition of functions in-depth and notice that a composition of a polynomial function with the function f(x) = 1/x gives functions that can be written as ratios of polynomial functions. A study of rational expressions shows that these expressions form a system analogous to the rational numbers, closed under addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division by a nonzero rational expression. Students apply these operations to simplify rational expressions and go on to graphing rational functions, identifying zeros and asymptotes, and analyzing end behavior.

**Note: This module is identified as Precalculus and Advanced Topics in the EngageNY curriculum. It also corresponds to Algebra I, Algebra II, and Algebra II with Trigonometry Alabama Courses of Study.**