**Standard(s): **
[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 16 : 16 ) Explain each step in solving a simple equation as following from the equality of numbers asserted at the previous step, starting from the assumption that the original equation has a solution. Construct a viable argument to justify a solution method. [A-REI1]

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 17 : 17 ) Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable, including equations with coefficients represented by letters. [A-REI3]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 4 : 4 ) Solve quadratic equations with real coefficients that have complex solutions. [N-CN7]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 13 : 13 ) Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it. [A-SSE2]

Example: See *x*^{4} - *y*^{4} as (*x*^{2})^{2} - (*y*^{2})^{2}, thus recognizing it as a difference of squares that can be factored as (*x*^{2} - *y*^{2})(*x*^{2} + *y*^{2}).

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 20 : 20 ) Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. *Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions.* [A-CED1]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 24 : 24 ) Solve simple rational and radical equations in one variable, and give examples showing how extraneous solutions may arise. [A-REI2]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 29 : 29 ) Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [F-IF5]

Example: If the function *h*(*n*) gives the number of person-hours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory, then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function.

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 4 : 4 ) Solve quadratic equations with real coefficients that have complex solutions. [N-CN7]

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 13 : 13 ) Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it. [A-SSE2]

Example: See *x*^{4} - *y*^{4} as (*x*^{2})^{2} - (*y*^{2})^{2}, thus recognizing it as a difference of squares that can be factored as (*x*^{2} - *y*^{2})(*x*^{2} + *y*^{2}).

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 20 : 20 ) Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. *Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions.* [A-CED1]

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 24 : 24 ) Solve simple rational and radical equations in one variable, and give examples showing how extraneous solutions may arise. [A-REI2]

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 29 : 29 ) Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [F-IF5]

Example: If the function *h*(*n*) gives the number of person-hours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory, then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function.

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 5 : 5. Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it.

*Example: See *x^{4} - y^{4}* as *(x^{2})^{2} - (y^{2})^{2}*, thus recognizing it as a difference of squares that can be factored as *(x^{2} - y^{2})(x^{2} + y^{2}).

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 6 : 6. Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression.

a. Factor quadratic expressions with leading coefficients of one, and use the factored form to reveal the zeros of the function it defines.

b. Use the vertex form of a quadratic expression to reveal the maximum or minimum value and the axis of symmetry of the function it defines; complete the square to find the vertex form of quadratics with a leading coefficient of one.

c. Use the properties of exponents to transform expressions for exponential functions.

*Example: Identify percent rate of change in functions such as *y = (1.02)^{t}, y = (0.97)^{t}, y = (1.01)^{12t}, y = (1.2)^{t/10}*, and classify them as representing exponential growth or decay.*

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 9 : 9. Select an appropriate method to solve a quadratic equation in one variable.

a. Use the method of completing the square to transform any quadratic equation in x into an equation of the form *(x - p)*^{2} *= q *that has the same solutions. Explain how the quadratic formula is derived from this form.

b. Solve quadratic equations by inspection (such as *x*^{2} = 49), taking square roots, completing the square, the quadratic formula, and factoring, as appropriate to the initial form of the equation, and recognize that some solutions may not be real.

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 11 : 11. Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems in context, either exactly or approximately. **Extend from contexts arising from linear functions to those involving quadratic, exponential, and absolute value functions.**

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 15 : 15. Define a function as a mapping from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) that assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range.

a. Use function notation, evaluate functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. *Note: If *f* is a function and *x *is an element of its domain, then *f(x) *denotes the output of* f* corresponding to the input *x*.*

b. Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes. **Limit to linear, quadratic, exponential, and absolute value functions.**