ALEX Classroom Resources

ALEX Classroom Resources  
   View Standards     Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 16 :
16 ) Explain each step in solving a simple equation as following from the equality of numbers asserted at the previous step, starting from the assumption that the original equation has a solution. Construct a viable argument to justify a solution method. [A-REI1]

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 17 :
17 ) Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable, including equations with coefficients represented by letters. [A-REI3]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 4 :
4 ) Solve quadratic equations with real coefficients that have complex solutions. [N-CN7]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 13 :
13 ) Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it. [A-SSE2]

Example: See x4 - y4 as (x2)2 - (y2)2, thus recognizing it as a difference of squares that can be factored as (x2 - y2)(x2 + y2).

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 20 :
20 ) Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [A-CED1]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 24 :
24 ) Solve simple rational and radical equations in one variable, and give examples showing how extraneous solutions may arise. [A-REI2]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 29 :
29 ) Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [F-IF5]

Example: If the function h(n) gives the number of person-hours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory, then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function.

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 4 :
4 ) Solve quadratic equations with real coefficients that have complex solutions. [N-CN7]

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 13 :
13 ) Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it. [A-SSE2]

Example: See x4 - y4 as (x2)2 - (y2)2, thus recognizing it as a difference of squares that can be factored as (x2 - y2)(x2 + y2).

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 20 :
20 ) Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [A-CED1]

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 24 :
24 ) Solve simple rational and radical equations in one variable, and give examples showing how extraneous solutions may arise. [A-REI2]

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 29 :
29 ) Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [F-IF5]

Example: If the function h(n) gives the number of person-hours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory, then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function.

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 5 :
5. Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it.

Example: See x4 - y4 as (x2)2 - (y2)2, thus recognizing it as a difference of squares that can be factored as (x2 - y2)(x2 + y2).
[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 6 :
6. Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression.

a. Factor quadratic expressions with leading coefficients of one, and use the factored form to reveal the zeros of the function it defines.

b. Use the vertex form of a quadratic expression to reveal the maximum or minimum value and the axis of symmetry of the function it defines; complete the square to find the vertex form of quadratics with a leading coefficient of one.

c. Use the properties of exponents to transform expressions for exponential functions.

Example: Identify percent rate of change in functions such as y = (1.02)t, y = (0.97)t, y = (1.01)12t, y = (1.2)t/10, and classify them as representing exponential growth or decay.
[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 9 :
9. Select an appropriate method to solve a quadratic equation in one variable.

a. Use the method of completing the square to transform any quadratic equation in x into an equation of the form (x - p)2 = q that has the same solutions. Explain how the quadratic formula is derived from this form.

b. Solve quadratic equations by inspection (such as x2 = 49), taking square roots, completing the square, the quadratic formula, and factoring, as appropriate to the initial form of the equation, and recognize that some solutions may not be real.
[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 11 :
11. Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems in context, either exactly or approximately. Extend from contexts arising from linear functions to those involving quadratic, exponential, and absolute value functions.
[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 15 :
15. Define a function as a mapping from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) that assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range.

a. Use function notation, evaluate functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. Note: If f is a function and x is an element of its domain, then f(x) denotes the output of f corresponding to the input x.

b. Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes. Limit to linear, quadratic, exponential, and absolute value functions.
Subject: Mathematics (9 - 12), Mathematics (9 - 12)
Title: Applying the Quadratic Formula (Part 1): Algebra 1, Episode 24: Unit 7, Lesson 17 | Illustrative Math
URL: https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/im20-math-ep24-717/applying-the-quadratic-formula-part-1/
Description:

In this video lesson, students return to some quadratic functions they have seen. They write quadratic equations to represent relationships and use the quadratic formula to solve problems that they did not previously have the tools to solve (other than by graphing). In some cases, the quadratic formula is the only practical way to find the solutions. In others, students can decide to use other methods that might be more straightforward (MP5).

The work in this lesson—writing equations, solving them, and interpreting the solutions in context—encourages students to reason quantitatively and abstractly (MP2).



   View Standards     Standard(s): [MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 20 :
20 ) Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [A-CED1]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 36 :
36 ) For exponential models, express as a logarithm the solution to abct = d where a, c, and d are numbers, and the base b is 2, 10, or e; evaluate the logarithm using technology. [F-LE4]

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 17 :
17. Combine different types of standard functions to write, evaluate, and interpret functions in context. Limit to linear, quadratic, exponential, and absolute value functions.

a. Use arithmetic operations to combine different types of standard functions to write and evaluate functions.

Example: Given two functions, one representing flow rate of water and the other representing evaporation of that water, combine the two functions to determine the amount of water in a container at a given time.

b. Use function composition to combine different types of standard functions to write and evaluate functions.

Example: Given the following relationships, determine what the expression S(T(t)) represents.

Function Input Output
G Amount of studying: s Grade in course: G(s)
S Grade in course: g Amount of screen time: S(g)
T Amount of screen time: t Number of follers: T(t)
Subject: Mathematics (9 - 12), Mathematics (9 - 12)
Title: Algebra II Module 3, Topic B: Logarithms
URL: https://www.engageny.org/resource/algebra-ii-module-3-topic-b-overview
Description:

At the beginning of Module 3, Topic B, students apply the properties of exponents to solve exponential equations numerically (F-BF.1a) as a way to motivate the need for logarithms, which are first introduced by the more intuitive name “WhatPower." In the intermediate lessons, students discover the logarithmic properties by creating and examining logarithmic tables and answering sets of directed questions. In the final lessons in Topic B, they solve logarithmic equations by applying the inverse relationship between exponents and logarithms (F-LE.4).



   View Standards     Standard(s): [MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 35 :
35 ) Find inverse functions. [F-BF4]

a. Solve an equation of the form f(x) = c for a simple function f that has an inverse, and write an expression for the inverse. [F-BF4a]

Example: f(x) =2x3 or f(x) = (x+1)/(x-1) for x ≠ 1.

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 20 :
20 ) Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [A-CED1]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 27 :
27 ) Explain why the x-coordinates of the points where the graphs of the equations y = f(x) and y = g(x) intersect are the solutions of the equation f(x) = g(x); find the solutions approximately, e.g., using technology to graph the functions, make tables of values, or find successive approximations. Include cases where f(x) and/or g(x) are linear, polynomial, rational, absolute value, exponential, and logarithmic functions.* [A-REI11]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 31 :
31 ) Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. [F-IF8]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 36 :
36 ) For exponential models, express as a logarithm the solution to abct = d where a, c, and d are numbers, and the base b is 2, 10, or e; evaluate the logarithm using technology. [F-LE4]

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 16 :
16. Compare and contrast relations and functions represented by equations, graphs, or tables that show related values; determine whether a relation is a function. Explain that a function f is a special kind of relation defined by the equation y = f(x).
[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 17 :
17. Combine different types of standard functions to write, evaluate, and interpret functions in context. Limit to linear, quadratic, exponential, and absolute value functions.

a. Use arithmetic operations to combine different types of standard functions to write and evaluate functions.

Example: Given two functions, one representing flow rate of water and the other representing evaporation of that water, combine the two functions to determine the amount of water in a container at a given time.

b. Use function composition to combine different types of standard functions to write and evaluate functions.

Example: Given the following relationships, determine what the expression S(T(t)) represents.

Function Input Output
G Amount of studying: s Grade in course: G(s)
S Grade in course: g Amount of screen time: S(g)
T Amount of screen time: t Number of follers: T(t)
[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 21 :
21. Compare properties of two functions, each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). Extend from linear to quadratic, exponential, absolute value, and general piecewise.
Subject: Mathematics (9 - 12), Mathematics (9 - 12)
Title: Algebra II Module 3, Topic D: Using Logarithms in Modeling Situtation
URL: https://www.engageny.org/resource/algebra-ii-module-3-topic-d-overview
Description:

Module 3, Topic D opens with a hands-on simulation and modeling activity in which students gather data and apply the analysis of Lesson 22 in Topic C to model it with an exponential function (A-CED.2, F-LE.5). Students use logarithms to solve exponential equations analytically and express the solution as a logarithm (F-LE.4). Students study the relationship between exponential growth and decay and geometric series (F-IF.3), and students must use properties of exponents to interpret expressions for exponential functions (F-IF.8b). Armed with a more thorough understanding of exponential functions and equations, students revisit the topic of Newton’s Law of Cooling that was introduced in Algebra I (F-BF.1b).



   View Standards     Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 17 :
17 ) Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable, including equations with coefficients represented by letters. [A-REI3]

[MA2015] AL1 (9-12) 32 :
32 ) Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. [F-IF8]

a. Use the process of factoring and completing the square in a quadratic function to show zeros, extreme values, and symmetry of the graph, and interpret these in terms of a context. [F-IF8a]

b. Use the properties of exponents to interpret expressions for exponential functions. [F-IF8b]

Example: Identify percent rate of change in functions such as y = (1.02)t, y = (0.97)t, y = (1.01)12t, and y = (1.2)t/10, and classify them as representing exponential growth and decay.

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 4 :
4 ) Solve quadratic equations with real coefficients that have complex solutions. [N-CN7]

[MA2015] AL2 (9-12) 20 :
20 ) Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [A-CED1]

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 4 :
4 ) Solve quadratic equations with real coefficients that have complex solutions. [N-CN7]

[MA2015] ALT (9-12) 20 :
20 ) Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [A-CED1]

[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 6 :
6. Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression.

a. Factor quadratic expressions with leading coefficients of one, and use the factored form to reveal the zeros of the function it defines.

b. Use the vertex form of a quadratic expression to reveal the maximum or minimum value and the axis of symmetry of the function it defines; complete the square to find the vertex form of quadratics with a leading coefficient of one.

c. Use the properties of exponents to transform expressions for exponential functions.

Example: Identify percent rate of change in functions such as y = (1.02)t, y = (0.97)t, y = (1.01)12t, y = (1.2)t/10, and classify them as representing exponential growth or decay.
[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 9 :
9. Select an appropriate method to solve a quadratic equation in one variable.

a. Use the method of completing the square to transform any quadratic equation in x into an equation of the form (x - p)2 = q that has the same solutions. Explain how the quadratic formula is derived from this form.

b. Solve quadratic equations by inspection (such as x2 = 49), taking square roots, completing the square, the quadratic formula, and factoring, as appropriate to the initial form of the equation, and recognize that some solutions may not be real.
[MA2019] AL1-19 (9-12) 11 :
11. Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems in context, either exactly or approximately. Extend from contexts arising from linear functions to those involving quadratic, exponential, and absolute value functions.
Subject: Mathematics (9 - 12), Mathematics (9 - 12)
Title: Solving Quadratic Equations With the Zero Product Property: Algebra 1, Episode 13: Unit 7, Lesson 4 | Illustrative Math
URL: https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/im20-math-ep13-74/solving-quadratic-equations-with-the-zero-product-property/
Description:

In this video lesson, students learn about the zero product property. They use it to reason about the solutions to quadratic equations that each have a quadratic expression in the factored form on one side and 0 on the other side. They see that when an expression is a product of two or more factors and that product is 0, one of the factors must be 0. Students make use of the structure of a quadratic expression in factored form and the zero product property to understand the connections between the numbers in the form and the x-intercepts of its graph (MP7).



ALEX Classroom Resources: 4

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