In this lesson, students learn the meaning of the term element and discover that all elements on Earth were formed in stars. They examine the structure of atoms and discover that scientists' understanding of this structure has changed over time--and will likely be refined even further. Lastly, they begin to explore the sometimes strange arrangement and behavior of electrons and to connect these characteristics to the chemical properties of elements. This activity is the second of three lessons. The first, The Periodic Table of the Elements, explored the origin of the periodic table. The third, Repeating Patterns: The Shape of the Periodic Table, shows how quantum electron structure determines the arrangement of elements in the periodic table.
This lesson--the third in a series of three lesson plans about the Periodic Table of Elements--explains why the elements exhibit periodicity, why the periodic table of elements is shaped the way it is, and how we are able to predict the characteristics of elements yet to be discovered or created. Students create electron configuration diagrams that describe the arrangement of electrons around the nucleus. This lesson is the third of three lessons and is intended as an enhancement activity following the completion of the first two lessons. The first lesson, The Periodic Table of the Elements, explored the origin of the periodic table. The second lesson, The Strange World of the Electron, described the structure of the atom.
In this episode, Hank talks about network solids and carbon and how you can actually create a diamond from plain old carbon. Well, you probably can't unless you own a bunch of elephants. It's a long story where you will learn about solid networks, diamond and graphite network structures, and sheet and 3D networks. It's not making diamonds from scratch, but it's still pretty cool.
In this episode, we talk about Silicon Valley's namesake and how network solids are at the heart of it all. Hank also discusses solid-state semiconductors, N-type and P-type semiconductors, diodes, transistors, computer chips, and binary code--all from the same thing that makes up sand.
Contained within, Hank discusses electrochemical reactions. The episode looks at half-reactions, how batteries work, galvanic cells, voltage, standard reduction potential, cell potential, electrolysis, and electroplating, and the things that go into making it possible for you to watch this episode of Crash Course Chemistry.
In this video, Hank explores the naming conventions that exist within the chemistry community. IUPAC exists but tries to keep in mind that they're doing it for the greater good. In this episode, Hank talks about IUPAC, prefixes, suffixes, ranking, numbers for carbon chains, and cis or trans double bonds.
Atoms are a lot like us. We call their relationships "bonds," and there are many different types. In this video, you will learn that chemical bonds form in order to minimize the energy difference between two atoms or ions; that those chemical bonds may be covalent if atoms share electrons, and that covalent bonds can share those electrons evenly or unevenly; that bonds can also be ionic if the electrons are transferred instead of shared: and how to calculate the energy transferred in an ionic bond using Coulomb's Law.
In this video, you'll learn that molecules need to have both charge asymmetry and geometric asymmetry to be polar, and that charge asymmetry is caused by a difference in electronegativities. You'll also learn how to notate a dipole moment (or charge separation) of a molecule, the physical mechanism behind like dissolves like, and why water is so good at fostering life on Earth.
In this episode of Crash Course Chemistry, Hank discusses why we need models in the world and how we can learn from them--even when they're almost completely wrong. Plus, learn the glory of the Lewis Dot Structure.
In this episode of Crash Course Chemistry, Hank discusses what molecules actually look like and why, some quantum-mechanical three-dimensional wave functions are explored, he touches on hybridization, and delves into sigma and pi bonds.
A lot of ionic compounds dissolve in water, dissociating into individual ions. But when two ions find each other form an insoluble compound, they suddenly fall out of solution in what's called a precipitation reaction. In this episode of Crash Course Chemistry, we learn about precipitation, precipitates, anions, cations, and how to describe and discuss ionic reactions.
In this video, we will explore all the magic in the transfer of electrons. Reduction (gaining electrons) and oxidation (the loss of electrons) combine to form Redox chemistry, which contains the majority of chemical reactions. As electrons jump from atom to atom, they carry energy with them, and that transfer of energy is what makes all life on earth possible.
Learning to talk about chemistry can be like learning a foreign language, but Hank is here to help with some straightforward and simple rules to help you learn to speak Chemistrian like a native. In this video, Hank discusses determining and writing formulas, the names of monatomic ions, finding elements on the periodic table, and naming acids and their anions.
In this video, Hank brings us the story of the electron. He describes how reality is a kind of music, discussing electron shells and orbitals, electron configurations, ionization and electron affinities, and how all these things can be understood via the periodic table.