In Grades 4 and 5, students used concrete models, pictorial representations, and properties to divide whole numbers (4.NBT.6, 5.NBT.6). They became efficient in applying the standard algorithm for long division. They broke dividends apart into like base-ten units, applying the distributive property to find quotients place by place. In Module 2, Topic C, students connect estimation to place value and determine that the standard algorithm is simply a tally system arranged in place value columns (6.NS.2). Students understand that when they “bring down” the next digit in the algorithm, they are essentially distributing, recording, and shifting to the next place value. They understand that the steps in the algorithm continually provide better approximations to the answer. Students further their understanding of division as they develop fluency in the use of the standard algorithm to divide multi-digit decimals (6.NS.3). They make connections to the division of fractions and rely on mental math strategies to implement the division algorithm when finding the quotients of decimals.