[ELA2021] (3) 14 :
14. Describe word relationships and nuances in word meanings, including relating them to their opposites and distinguishing shades of meaning in similar or related words, including nouns, verbs, and adjectives.
a. Determine meaning of words using synonyms in context.
b. Determine meaning of words using antonyms as a clue.
c. Describe the similarities and differences between related words.
d. Use knowledge of homophones to determine appropriate use of words.
e. Interpret figurative language.
f. Identify relationships and nuances in word meanings to determine real-life connections between words and their use.
Examples: Discuss relationships in words related to home (house, residence, habitat) and give reasons for choosing a particular word in speaking or writing.
[ELA2021] (4) 10 :
Distinguish shades of meaning in words related to bad (terrible, awful, horrible) and give reasons for choosing a particular word in speaking or writing.
Distinguish shades of meaning in words related to talk (yell, scream, bellow) and give reasons for choosing a particular word in speaking or writing.
10. Interpret words and phrases, including figurative language, as they are used in a text.
a. Explain how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.
b. Explain how figurative language contributes to the meaning of text, including simile, metaphor, alliteration, personification, hyperbole, and idioms.
c. Use the relationships between synonyms, antonyms, and homographs to increase understanding of word meanings. [ELA2021] (5) 12 :
12. Interpret the meaning of words, phrases, and patterns as they are used in texts, including domain-specific and academic vocabulary and figurative language.
a. Locate similes, metaphors, personification, hyperbole, imagery, alliteration, onomatopoeia, and idioms and interpret their meanings in context.
b. Explain the meanings of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.
c. Use the relationships between synonyms, antonyms, and homographs to increase understanding of word meanings.
d. Explain how an author's vocabulary and style influence the tone and mood of a text and support his/her purpose for writing.
e. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meanings of words.