Exploring the Power of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Words Through Diamante Poetry

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Exploring the Power of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Words Through Diamante Poetry

URL:

http://readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/lesson-plans/exploring-power-martin-luther-258.html

Content Source:

ReadWriteThink
Type: Lesson/Unit Plan

Overview:

This lesson asks students to explore the ways that powerful and passionate words communicate the concepts of freedom, justice, discrimination, and the American Dream in Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech. Students read, listen to, or view King's speech and pay close attention to his word use and use of literary devices. They analyze King's definitions of freedom, justice, discrimination, and dreams as demonstrated by the details in his speech. After a thorough exploration of the power of the speech, students choose powerful words and themes from the text and arrange them into original diamante poems.

While this lesson focuses on the "I Have a Dream" speech, it could be adapted to any of King's speeches, as well as to famous speeches by others, such as Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "Day of Infamy" speech, Lincoln's "Gettysburg Address," or Sojourner Truth's "Ain't I a Woman?"

Content Standard(s):
English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 9
1 ) Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. [RL.9-10.1]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.9.1- Answer who, what, when, where, and why questions to analyze stories, using textual evidence and inferences as support.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 9
11 ) Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text. [RI.9-10.2]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.9.11- Identify how the main idea develops throughout a text; create an objective summary of an informational text.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 9
14 ) Analyze in detail how an author's ideas or claims are developed and refined by particular sentences, paragraphs, or larger portions of a text (e.g., a section or chapter). [RI.9-10.5]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.9.14- Analyze how the author's ideas or claims are developed in an informational text.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 9
17 ) Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is valid and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; identify false statements and fallacious reasoning. [RI.9-10.8]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.9.17- Identify the argument and/or claims in an informational text; evaluate whether information is true and necessary.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 10
25 ) Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of the first three standards in the Language strand in Grades K-10.) [W.9-10.5]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 10
30 ) Write routinely over extended time frames, including time for research, reflection, and revision, and shorter time frames such as a single sitting or a day or two for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences. [W.9-10.10]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 11
10 ) Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain. [RI.11-12.1]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.11.10- Answer who, what, when, where, and why questions to analyze informational text, using textual evidence and inferences as support.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 12
38 ) Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on Grade 12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. [L.11-12.4]

a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word's position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. [L.11-12.4a]

b. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech (e.g., conceive, conception, conceivable). [L.11-12.4b]

c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, its etymology, or its standard usage. [L.11-12.4c]

d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). [L.11-12.4d]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.12.38- Identify the meaning of an unknown word or phrase.
ELA.AAS.12.38a- Use context clues to determine the meaning of a word or phrase that may have multiple meanings.
ELA.AAS.12.38c- Identify reference materials and their purposes; demonstrate the ability to use reference materials to find the pronunciation of a word or determine its meaning.
ELA.AAS.12.38d - Verify the meaning of a word using a dictionary.


English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 9
R2. Read and comprehend a variety of literary texts to develop a literal and figurative understanding as appropriate to the type of text, purpose, and situation.

Examples: short and long prose texts, poetry, dramas
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 9
1. Read, analyze, and evaluate complex literary and informational texts written from various cultural perspectives, with an emphasis on works originating outside the United States and the British Isles through 1599.
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 9
4. Analyze how authors use characterization, connotation, denotation, figurative language, literary elements, and point of view to create and convey meaning in a variety of texts.
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 9
5. Analyze the impact of context and organizational structures on theme, tone, and the meaning of the work as a whole.
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 10
R3. Utilize active listening skills in formal and informal conversations, following predetermined norms.
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 10
R5. Utilize a writing process which includes planning, revising, editing/peer-editing, and rewriting to create a focused, organized, and coherent piece of writing for a specific purpose and audience.
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 10
R6. Employ conventions of grammar, mechanics, and usage in order to communicate effectively with a target audience.

Examples: punctuation, capitalization, spelling, effective sentence structure, appropriate formality of language
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 10
R7. Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar spoken or written words.
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 10
7. Read, analyze, and evaluate texts from science, social studies, and other academic disciplines to determine how those disciplines treat domain-specific vocabulary and content organization.
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 10
9. Compose both short and extended narrative, informative/explanatory, and argumentative writings that are clear and coherent, use an appropriate command of language, and demonstrate development, organization, style, and tone that are relevant to task, purpose, and audience.

Examples: paragraphs, constructed responses, essays

a. Write a memoir, narrative essay, or personal or fictional narrative to convey a series of events, establishing a clear purpose, using narrative techniques, and sequencing events coherently.

Examples: dialogue, pacing, description, reflection; chronological order, reverse chronological order, flashbacks

b. Write explanations and expositions that incorporate relevant evidence, using effective transitions that objectively introduce and develop topics.

Examples: specific facts, examples, details, statistics/data, examples appropriate to the audience's knowledge of the topic

c. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning, relevant and sufficient evidence, appropriate transitions, and a concluding section that follows from and supports the information presented.
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 11
4. Analyze how an author uses characterization, figurative language, literary elements, and point of view to create and convey meaning.
English Language Arts
ELA2021 (2021)
Grade: 12
8. Read, analyze, and evaluate texts from science, social studies, and other academic disciplines and explain how those disciplines treat domain-specific vocabulary and content and organize information.
Tags: analyze, Diamante Poems, I Have a Dream, Martin Luther King Jr, poems, poetry, speech, Stapleless Book
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Author: Cassie Raulston