8 ) Determine political, military, cultural, and economic forces that contribute to cooperation and conflict among people.
Identifying political boundaries based on physical and human systems
Examples: physical—rivers as boundaries between counties
human—streets as boundaries between local government units
Identifying effects of cooperation among countries in controlling territories
Examples: Great Lakes environmental management by United States and Canada, United Nations (UN) Heritage sites and host countries, Antarctic Treaty on scientific research
Describing the eruption of territorial conflicts over borders, resources, land use, and ethnic and nationalistic identity
Examples: India and Pakistan conflict over Jammu and Kashmir, the West Bank, the Sudan, Somalia piracy, ocean fishing and mineral rights, local land-use disputes