6. Demonstrate basic to advanced phonological and phonemic awareness skills in spoken words.
a. Count, blend, segment, and delete syllables in spoken words, including polysyllabic words.
Examples: par-ti-cu-lar, cer-ti-fi-cate
b. Recognize and produce groups of rhyming words and distinguish them from non-rhyming groups of spoken words.
c. Produce alliterative words.
d. Blend and segment phonemes in single-syllable spoken words made up of three to five phonemes, including words with consonant blends.
e. Add, delete, and substitute phonemes at the beginning or end of spoken words made up of three to five phonemes, and produce the resulting word.
Examples: pan to pant; flight to light; cat to cap
f. Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken, single-syllable words.
g. Distinguish between commonly-confused vowel sounds and commonly-confused cognate consonant sounds, using knowledge of mouth position, voiced and unvoiced sounds, and manner of articulation.
Examples: /f/ and /v/, /p/ and /b/, /t/ and /d/, /k/ and /g/, /m/ and /n/, /ng/ and /n/, /s/ and /z/, unvoiced /th/ and voiced /th/, /ch/ and /sh/, /ĕ/ and /ā/, /ĕ/ and /ă/
Note: This is extremely important as a foundational phonemic awareness skill for all learners.
h. Identify the sound substitution in words with five to six phonemes.
Example: strips/straps, square/squire