ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Reconstruction in the American South

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Reconstruction in the American South

URL:

https://learninglab.si.edu/collections/reconstruction-in-the-american-south-teachinginquiry/mWYJfUBEEGas25VR#r

Content Source:

Smithsonian
Type: Informational Material

Overview:

This is a collection of political photographs from the Reconstruction Era. The collection includes photos of President Andrew Johnson, Benjamin S. Turner, and information from The Freedmen's Bureau.

Content Standard(s):
Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 4
Alabama Studies
9 ) Analyze political and economic issues facing Alabama during Reconstruction for their impact on various social groups.

Examples: political—military rule, presence of Freedmen's Bureau, Alabama's readmittance to the Union

economic—sharecropping, tenant farming, scarcity of goods and money

•  Interpreting the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States
•  Identifying African Americans who had an impact on Alabama during Reconstruction in Alabama
•  Identifying major political parties in Alabama during Reconstruction
Insight Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: Alabama Studies (Alabama)
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Analyze political and economic issues facing Alabama during Reconstruction for their impact on various social groups.
  • Interpret the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
  • Identify the achievements of African Americans who had an impact on Alabama during Reconstruction in Alabama.
  • Analyze the impact of major political parties in Alabama during Reconstruction.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Reconstruction
  • political parties
  • "Redeemer" Democrats
  • Radical Republicans
  • military rule
  • readmittance
  • restoration
  • Union
  • scarcity
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Alabama faced many political issues during Reconstruction including military rule, presence of Freedmen's Bureau, and Alabama's readmittance to the Union.
  • Alabama faced many economic issues during Reconstruction including sharecropping, tenant farming, scarcity of goods and money.
  • Many African Americans, including James Rapier, Benjamin Turner, William Savery, and Jeremiah Haralson, had an impact on Alabama during Reconstruction.
  • The major political parties in Alabama, including Radical Republicans, Bourbon Democrats, and Populists.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Identify political issues facing Alabama during Reconstruction including military rule, presence of Freedmen's Bureau, and Alabama's readmittance to the Union.
  • Identify economic issues facing Alabama during Reconstruction including sharecropping, tenant farming, scarcity of goods and money.
  • Summarize the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
  • Recall African Americans who had an impact on Alabama during Reconstruction in Alabama.
  • Identify major political parties in Alabama during Reconstruction.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Reconstruction was the rebuilding of Alabama's government and economy after the Civil War.
  • Alabama had to meet several specific criteria before being granted re-admittance to the Union and that the criteria was see as controversial by some people in the state.
Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 5
United States Studies: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
12 ) Summarize successes and failures of the Reconstruction Era.

•  Evaluating the extension of citizenship rights to African Americans included in the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States
•  Analyzing the impact of Reconstruction for its effect on education and social institutions in the United States
Examples: Horace Mann and education reform, Freedmen's Bureau, establishment of segregated schools, African-American churches

•  Explaining the black codes and the Jim Crow laws
•  Describing post-Civil War land distribution, including tenant farming and sharecropping
Insight Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: United States Studies: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Analyze and describe the successes and failures of the Reconstruction Era.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Reconstruction Era
  • extension
  • citizenship rights
  • amendments
  • impact
  • education reform
  • black codes
  • Jim Crow
  • tenant farming
  • distribution
  • sharecropping
  • Radical Republicans
  • 13th Amendment
  • 14th Amendment
  • 15th Amendment
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Successes and failures of the Reconstruction Era.
  • The extension of citizenship rights to African Americans included in the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
  • The impact of Reconstruction for its effect on education and social institutions in the United States( Horace Mann and education reform, Freedmen's Bureau, establishment of segregated schools, African-American churches, among others).
  • The black codes and the Jim Crow laws.
  • Post-Civil War land distribution, including tenant farming and sharecropping.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Evaluation successes and failures of historical events.
  • Compare and contrast changes in historical and political realities as a result of a historical event.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • The Reconstruction Era was a period of success, failures, and conflict that greatly impacted the lives of citizens, including African-Americans.
Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 10
United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
15 ) Compare congressional and presidential reconstruction plans, including African-American political participation. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.c., A.1.d., A.1.e., A.1.i., A.1.k.]

•  Tracing economic changes in the post-Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and South, including the effectiveness of the Freedmen's Bureau
•  Describing social restructuring of the South, including Southern military districts, the role of carpetbaggers and scalawags, the creation of the black codes, and the Ku Klux Klan
•  Describing the Compromise of 1877
•  Summarizing post-Civil War constitutional amendments, including the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments
•  Explaining causes for the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson
•  Explaining the impact of the Jim Crow laws and Plessey versus Ferguson on the social and political structure of the New South after Reconstruction
•  Analyzing political and social motives that shaped the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 to determine their long-term effect on politics and economics in Alabama (Alabama)
Insight Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Analyze and compare the short- and long-term impacts of the social, economic, and political realities of the
  • Reconstruction Era on the United States as a whole, regionally, and in Alabama.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • effectiveness
  • restructure
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Congressional and presidential reconstruction plans, including African-American political participation.
  • Economic changes in the post-Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and South, including the effectiveness of the Freedmen's Bureau.
  • Social restructuring of the South, including Southern military districts, the role of carpetbaggers and scalawags, the creation of the black codes, and the Ku Klux Klan.
  • The Compromise of 1877.
  • Post-Civil War constitutional amendments, including the
  • Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments.
  • The causes of the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson.
  • The impact of the Jim Crow laws and Plessy versus Ferguson on the social and Political structure of the South after Reconstruction.
  • Political and social motives that shaped the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 and their long-term effect on politics and economics in Alabama.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Compare congressional and presidential reconstruction plan.
  • Trace the economic changes in the post Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and South.
  • Describe the Compromise of 1877.
  • Summarize the post-Civil War constitutional amendments.
  • Explain the causes of the impeachment of Presidential Andrew Johnson.
  • Explain the impact of the Jim Crow laws and Plessey versus Ferguson on the social and political structure of the South after Reconstruction.
  • Analyze the political and social motives that shaped the Alabama Constitution of 1901 to determine the long term political and examining effects.
  • Analyze primary source documents relating to reconstruction plans, segregation, and the Constitution of Alabama of 1901.
  • Determine the effects of different reconstruction plans on a map.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • There were important social, economic, and political realities of the Reconstruction Era, as well as short- and long-term impacts of these realities on the United States as a whole, regionally, and in Alabama.
Tags: Andrew Johnson, Emancipation, Reconstruction, The Freedmens Bureau
License Type: Custom Permission Type
See Terms: https://www.si.edu/Termsofuse
For full descriptions of license types and a guide to usage, visit :
https://creativecommons.org/licenses
Accessibility
Comments
  This resource provided by:  
Author: Ginger Boyd