ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Reconstruction in the American South

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Reconstruction in the American South

URL:

https://learninglab.si.edu/collections/reconstruction-in-the-american-south-teachinginquiry/mWYJfUBEEGas25VR#r

Content Source:

Smithsonian
Type: Informational Material

Overview:

This is a collection of political photographs from the Reconstruction Era. The collection includes photos of President Andrew Johnson, Benjamin S. Turner, and information from The Freedmen's Bureau.

Content Standard(s):
Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 4
Alabama Studies
9 ) Analyze political and economic issues facing Alabama during Reconstruction for their impact on various social groups.

Examples: political—military rule, presence of Freedmen's Bureau, Alabama's readmittance to the Union

economic—sharecropping, tenant farming, scarcity of goods and money

•  Interpreting the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States
•  Identifying African Americans who had an impact on Alabama during Reconstruction in Alabama
•  Identifying major political parties in Alabama during Reconstruction
Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: Alabama Studies (Alabama)
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Analyze political and economic issues facing Alabama during Reconstruction for their impact on various social groups.
  • Interpret the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
  • Identify the achievements of African Americans who had an impact on Alabama during Reconstruction in Alabama.
  • Analyze the impact of major political parties in Alabama during Reconstruction.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Reconstruction
  • political parties
  • "Redeemer" Democrats
  • Radical Republicans
  • military rule
  • readmittance
  • restoration
  • Union
  • scarcity
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Alabama faced many political issues during Reconstruction including military rule, presence of Freedmen's Bureau, and Alabama's readmittance to the Union.
  • Alabama faced many economic issues during Reconstruction including sharecropping, tenant farming, scarcity of goods and money.
  • Many African Americans, including James Rapier, Benjamin Turner, William Savery, and Jeremiah Haralson, had an impact on Alabama during Reconstruction.
  • The major political parties in Alabama, including Radical Republicans, Bourbon Democrats, and Populists.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Identify political issues facing Alabama during Reconstruction including military rule, presence of Freedmen's Bureau, and Alabama's readmittance to the Union.
  • Identify economic issues facing Alabama during Reconstruction including sharecropping, tenant farming, scarcity of goods and money.
  • Summarize the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
  • Recall African Americans who had an impact on Alabama during Reconstruction in Alabama.
  • Identify major political parties in Alabama during Reconstruction.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Reconstruction was the rebuilding of Alabama's government and economy after the Civil War.
  • Alabama had to meet several specific criteria before being granted re-admittance to the Union and that the criteria was see as controversial by some people in the state.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.4.9- Identify changes in Alabama during and after Reconstruction.
SS.AAS.4.9a- Identify the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
SS.AAS.4.9b- Describe the life of African Americans in Alabama during and after Reconstruction in Alabama.


Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 5
United States Studies: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
12 ) Summarize successes and failures of the Reconstruction Era.

•  Evaluating the extension of citizenship rights to African Americans included in the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States
•  Analyzing the impact of Reconstruction for its effect on education and social institutions in the United States
Examples: Horace Mann and education reform, Freedmen's Bureau, establishment of segregated schools, African-American churches

•  Explaining the black codes and the Jim Crow laws
•  Describing post-Civil War land distribution, including tenant farming and sharecropping
Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: United States Studies: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Analyze and describe the successes and failures of the Reconstruction Era.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Reconstruction Era
  • extension
  • citizenship rights
  • amendments
  • impact
  • education reform
  • black codes
  • Jim Crow
  • tenant farming
  • distribution
  • sharecropping
  • Radical Republicans
  • 13th Amendment
  • 14th Amendment
  • 15th Amendment
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Successes and failures of the Reconstruction Era.
  • The extension of citizenship rights to African Americans included in the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
  • The impact of Reconstruction for its effect on education and social institutions in the United States( Horace Mann and education reform, Freedmen's Bureau, establishment of segregated schools, African-American churches, among others).
  • The black codes and the Jim Crow laws.
  • Post-Civil War land distribution, including tenant farming and sharecropping.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Evaluation successes and failures of historical events.
  • Compare and contrast changes in historical and political realities as a result of a historical event.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • The Reconstruction Era was a period of success, failures, and conflict that greatly impacted the lives of citizens, including African-Americans.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.5.12- Define the Reconstruction as the rebuilding of the South and its reintegration into the United States; identify at least one success and one failure of the reconstruction era, including the successes of the thirteenth through fifteenth Amendments, the Freedmen's Bureau, Jim Crow laws, sharecropping, tenant farming, the election of African American politicians, and the failures of Black Codes.


Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 10
United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
15 ) Compare congressional and presidential reconstruction plans, including African-American political participation. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.c., A.1.d., A.1.e., A.1.i., A.1.k.]

•  Tracing economic changes in the post-Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and South, including the effectiveness of the Freedmen's Bureau
•  Describing social restructuring of the South, including Southern military districts, the role of carpetbaggers and scalawags, the creation of the black codes, and the Ku Klux Klan
•  Describing the Compromise of 1877
•  Summarizing post-Civil War constitutional amendments, including the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments
•  Explaining causes for the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson
•  Explaining the impact of the Jim Crow laws and Plessey versus Ferguson on the social and political structure of the New South after Reconstruction
•  Analyzing political and social motives that shaped the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 to determine their long-term effect on politics and economics in Alabama (Alabama)
Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Analyze and compare the short- and long-term impacts of the social, economic, and political realities of the
  • Reconstruction Era on the United States as a whole, regionally, and in Alabama.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • effectiveness
  • restructure
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Congressional and presidential reconstruction plans, including African-American political participation.
  • Economic changes in the post-Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and South, including the effectiveness of the Freedmen's Bureau.
  • Social restructuring of the South, including Southern military districts, the role of carpetbaggers and scalawags, the creation of the black codes, and the Ku Klux Klan.
  • The Compromise of 1877.
  • Post-Civil War constitutional amendments, including the
  • Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments.
  • The causes of the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson.
  • The impact of the Jim Crow laws and Plessy versus Ferguson on the social and Political structure of the South after Reconstruction.
  • Political and social motives that shaped the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 and their long-term effect on politics and economics in Alabama.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Compare congressional and presidential reconstruction plan.
  • Trace the economic changes in the post Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and South.
  • Describe the Compromise of 1877.
  • Summarize the post-Civil War constitutional amendments.
  • Explain the causes of the impeachment of Presidential Andrew Johnson.
  • Explain the impact of the Jim Crow laws and Plessey versus Ferguson on the social and political structure of the South after Reconstruction.
  • Analyze the political and social motives that shaped the Alabama Constitution of 1901 to determine the long term political and examining effects.
  • Analyze primary source documents relating to reconstruction plans, segregation, and the Constitution of Alabama of 1901.
  • Determine the effects of different reconstruction plans on a map.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • There were important social, economic, and political realities of the Reconstruction Era, as well as short- and long-term impacts of these realities on the United States as a whole, regionally, and in Alabama.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.10.15- Define reconstruction, scalawags, carpetbaggers, Black Codes, impeachment, and freedmen's Bureau; identify Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments; recognize social, political, and economic changes initiated by the policies of the Reconstruction.


Tags: Andrew Johnson, Emancipation, Reconstruction, The Freedmens Bureau
License Type: Custom Permission Type
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Author: Ginger Boyd