# ALEX Classroom Resource

## Solving the Puzzle Under the Sea

Classroom Resource Information

Title:

Solving the Puzzle Under the Sea

URL:

Content Source:

Type: Lesson/Unit Plan

Overview:

The purpose of this lesson is for students to explore how an indefatigable scientist used her knowledge of math and map making to create a map of the ocean floor, confirming the theory of continental drift (plate tectonics). This lesson uses a book called Solving the Puzzle Under the Sea, written by Robert Burleigh with illustrations by Raúl Colón. In this illustrated biography, Burleigh tells the story of Marie Tharpe’s imagination and perseverance and shares the story of this pioneering female scientist, who was the first person to ever successfully map the ocean floor. Her map helped confirm the theory of plate tectonics to the scientific community.

Content Standard(s):
 Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 4 16 ) Describe patterns of Earth's features on land and in the ocean using data from maps (e.g., topographic maps of Earth's land and ocean floor; maps of locations of mountains, continental boundaries, volcanoes, and earthquakes). Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Analyzing and Interpreting DataCrosscutting Concepts: PatternsDisciplinary Core Idea: Earth's SystemsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Describe patterns of Earth's features on land using data from maps. Describe patterns of Earth's features in the ocean using data from maps.Teacher Vocabulary:patterns data structures features topographical continental boundaries deep ocean trench ocean floor volcanoes mountains earthquakesKnowledge:Students know: Locations of mountain ranges, deep ocean trenches, ocean floor structures, earthquakes, and volcanoes occur in patterns. Volcanoes and earthquakes occur in bands that are often along the boundaries between continents and oceans. Major mountain chains form inside continents or near their edges.Skills:Students are able to: Organize data using graphical displays from maps of Earth's features. Articulate patterns that can be used as evidence to describe Earth's features on land and in the ocean using maps. Use logical reasoning based on the organized data to make sense of and describe the patterns in Earth's features.Understanding:Students understand that: Earth's features occur in patterns.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Water and Landforms Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.4.16- Use a map key to identify land and water features on a map.
Tags: continental drift, map, Marie Tharpe, ocean, plate tectonics, Raul Colon, Robert Burleigh, Solving the Puzzle Under the Sea