ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Boars and Baseball: Making Connections

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Boars and Baseball: Making Connections

URL:

http://readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/lesson-plans/boars-baseball-making-connections-30655.html

Content Source:

ReadWriteThink
Type: Lesson/Unit Plan

Overview:

How does the story connect to your own life, another text you have read, or the world around you? In this lesson, students will make text-to-self, text-to-text, and text-to-world connections after reading In the Year of the Boar and Jackie Robinson. Students gain a deeper understanding of a text when they make authentic connections. After reading the novelthe instructor introduces and models the strategy of making connections.  After sharing and discussing connections, students choose and plan a project that makes a personal connection to the text.

This lesson uses In the Year of the Boar and Jackie Robinson as an example, but this activity is effective with any work of literature in which connections are important.

Content Standard(s):
English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 4
1 ) Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. [RL.4.1]


NAEP Framework
Anchor Standard::
Anchor Standard 1: Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
Cognitive Target::
  • Identify textually explicit information and make simple inference with and across texts, such as: definitions, facts, supporting details.
  • Make complex inferences within and across texts to describe problems and solution or cause and effect, determine unstated assumptions in and argument.

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize explicitly stated reason for character's statement in a story. (Locate and Recall)

NAEP Descriptor::
Interpret reason for character's statement and explain with support from story. (Integrate and Interpret)

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize paraphrase of explicit details about a main character in a story. (Locate and Recall)

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize story detail related to main action. (Locate and Recall)

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize reason explicitly stated in a story. (Locate and Recall)

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize reason for character's action in a story (explicit). (Locate and Recall)

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize description of character's action explicitly stated in a story. (Locate and Recall)



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.4.1- Answer who, what, when, and where questions to demonstrate understanding of a story.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 4
3 ) Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character's thoughts, words, or actions). [RL.4.3]


NAEP Framework
Anchor Standard::
Anchor Standard 3: Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
Cognitive Target::
  • Identify textually explicit information within and across texts such as character traits, sequence of events or actions, setting, (identify) figurative language.
  • Consider text(s) critically to evaluate a character's motivations and decisions.

NAEP Descriptor::
Evaluate and explain which story character is most important and provide specific info. (Integrate and Interpret)

NAEP Descriptor::
Infer character trait from story details to provide a description. (Integrate and Interpret)

NAEP Descriptor::
Evaluate character development using text support from beginning and end of a story. (Integrate and Interpret)

NAEP Descriptor::
Identify and explain attitudes of two main characters. (Integrate and Interpret)

NAEP Descriptor::
Use story events to support an opinion about a character's behavior. (Critique and Evaluate)

NAEP Descriptor::
Describe how main character's feelings change over the course of the story. (Integrate and Interpret)

NAEP Descriptor::
Infer a story character's feelings to provide a description.

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize reason for story character's action. (Integrate and Interpret)

NAEP Descriptor::
Use story events to support an opinion about story genre. (Critique and Evaluate)

NAEP Descriptor::
Evaluate and recognize primary importance of a character to the story. (Critique and Evaluate)

NAEP Descriptor::
Infer and recognize main problem faced by a story character. (Integrate and Interpret)

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize the main way author presents information about a biographical character. (Critique and Evaluate)

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize description of character's action explicitly stated in a story. (Locate and Recall)

NAEP Descriptor::
Interpret description to recognize how story character feels. (Integrate and Interpret)



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.4.3- Describe and/or identify a character, a setting, or an event in a story.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 4
8 ) Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures. [RL.4.9]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 4
9 ) By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the Grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RL.4.10]


NAEP Framework
Anchor Standard::
Anchor Standard 9: Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
Cognitive Target::
Consider Text(s) critically to evaluate the author's perspective or point of view within or across texts, take different perspectives in relation to a text, and compare or connect ideas, problems, or situations.
NAEP Descriptor::
Infer and explain a lesson common to story and poem. (Integrate and Interpret)

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize surface similarity between story and poem. (Integrate and Interpret)


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 5
11 ) Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text. [RI.5.2]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.5.11- Identify the main idea of an informational text; identify the events or details in an informational text; summarize an informational text.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 5
16 ) Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently. [RI.5.7]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 5
17 ) Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point(s). [RI.5.8]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.5.17- Identify the reasons or evidence that support an idea or point in an informational text.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 5
18 ) Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. [RI.5.9]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 5
19 ) By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the Grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently. [RI.5.10]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 6
21 ) Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. [W.6.1]

a. Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly. [W.6.1a]

b. Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text. [W.6.1b]

c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons. [W.6.1c]

d. Establish and maintain a formal style. [W.6.1d]

e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the argument presented. [W.6.1e]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.6.21- Compose an argument to support a claim by stating a claim, providing facts or reasons supporting the claim, and providing an appropriate conclusion related to the stated argument.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 6
22 ) Write informative or explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. [W.6.2]

a. Introduce a topic; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison or contrast, and cause and effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. [W.6.2a]

b. Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. [W.6.2b]

c. Use appropriate transitions to clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts. [W.6.2c]

d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. [W.6.2d]

e. Establish and maintain a formal style. [W.6.2e]

f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the information or explanation presented. [W.6.2f]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.6.22 - Compose informative or explanatory texts by stating a topic, providing facts or details, and providing an appropriate conclusion related to the topic.
ELA.AAS.6.22a - Introduce a topic.
ELA.AAS.6.22b - Develop a topic with facts, details, or other information and examples.
ELA.AAS.6.22f - Provide a concluding statement.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 6
29 ) Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. [W.6.9]

a. Apply Grade 6 Reading standards to literature (e.g., "Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres [e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories] in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics"). [W.6.9a]

b. Apply Grade 6 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., "Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not"). [W.6.9b]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.6.29- Draw evidence from a literary or informational text to support a research topic.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 6
40 ) Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on Grade 6 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. [L.6.4]

a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word's position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. [L.6.4a]

b. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., audience, auditory, audible). [L.6.4b]

c. Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech. [L.6.4c]

d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). [L.6.4d]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.6.40 - Determine the meanings of words.
ELA.AAS.6.40a - Use phrases and context clues to determine the meaning of a word or phrase.
ELA.AAS.6.40c - Use reference materials to find the pronunciation of a word or determine its meaning.
ELA.AAS.6.40d - Verify the meaning of a word or phrase by using a dictionary.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 6
42 ) Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. [L.6.6]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 7
11 ) Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text. [RI.7.2]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.7.11- Determine two or more central ideas; provide a summary of the text.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 7
12 ) Analyze the interactions between individuals, events, and ideas in a text (e.g., how ideas influence individuals or events, or how individuals influence ideas or events). [RI.7.3]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.7.12- Identify how individuals, events, or ideas interact in an informational text.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 7
41 ) Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. [L.7.6]

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Author: Cassie Raulston