ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Critical Literacy: Women in 19th-Century Literature

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Critical Literacy: Women in 19th-Century Literature

URL:

http://readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/lesson-plans/critical-literacy-women-19th-1009.html

Content Source:

ReadWriteThink
Type: Lesson/Unit Plan

Overview:

Introduce students to fundamental ideas of critical literacy through a reading and critical analysis of two pieces of literature from the 1800s, focusing on each author's intent and intended audience. Students first read and discuss two chapters from a story by Louisa May Alcott. Each student then chooses a literary piece for individual analysis from the online archives of a popular magazine from that era. After reading and studying the two selections, students write an essay in which they compare each author's purpose and voice.

Content Standard(s):
English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 9
1 ) Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. [RL.9-10.1]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.9.1- Answer who, what, when, where, and why questions to analyze stories, using textual evidence and inferences as support.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 9
2 ) Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text. [RL.9-10.2]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.9.2- Determine a theme or central idea. Identify how the theme develops throughout a text citing specific details; create an objective summary of a story.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 9
5 ) Analyze how an author's choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise. [RL.9-10.5]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 9
9 ) By the end of Grade 9, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the Grades 9-10 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RL.9-10.10]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 10
10 ) Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. [RI.9-10.1]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.10.10- Answer who, what, when, where, and why questions to analyze informational text, using textual evidence and inferences as support.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 10
11 ) Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text. [RI.9-10.2]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.10.11- Identify how the main idea develops throughout a text; create an objective summary of an informational text.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 10
13 ) Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language of a court opinion differs from that of a newspaper). [RI.9-10.4]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 10
14 ) Analyze in detail how an author's ideas or claims are developed and refined by particular sentences, paragraphs, or larger portions of a text (e.g., a section or chapter). [RI.9-10.5]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.10.14- Analyze how the author's ideas or claims are developed in an informational text.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 10
17 ) Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is valid and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; identify false statements and fallacious reasoning. [RI.9-10.8]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.10.17- Identify the argument and/or claims in an informational text; evaluate whether information is true and necessary.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 11
19 ) Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence. [W.11-12.1]

a. Introduce precise, knowledgeable claim(s), establish the significance of the claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that logically sequences claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence. [W.11-12.1a]

b. Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly, supplying the most relevant evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both in a manner that anticipates the audience's knowledge level, concerns, values, and possible biases. [W.11-12.1b]

c. Use words, phrases, and clauses as well as varied syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims. [W.11-12.1c]

d. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing. [W.11-12.1d]

e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented. [W.11-12.1e]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.11.19- Compose an argument to support a claim by stating a claim, providing facts or reasons supporting the claim, and providing an appropriate conclusion related to the stated argument.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 11
20 ) Write informative or explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content. [W.11-12.2]

a. Introduce a topic; organize complex ideas, concepts, and information so that each new element builds on that which precedes it to create a unified whole; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. [W.11-12.2a]

b. Develop the topic thoroughly by selecting the most significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience's knowledge of the topic. [W.11-12.2b]

c. Use appropriate and varied transitions and syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts. [W.11-12.2c]

d. Use precise language, domain-specific vocabulary, and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic. [W.11-12.2d]

e. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing. [W.11-12.2e]

f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented (e.g., articulating implications or the significance of the topic). [W.11-12.2f]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.11.20- Compose informative or explanatory texts by stating a topic, providing facts or details, providing an appropriate conclusion related to the topic.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 11
22 ) Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 19-21 above.) [W.11-12.4]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 11
23 ) Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of the first three standards in the Language strand in Grades K-11.) [W.11-12.5]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 11
25 ) Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation. [W.11-12.7]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 11
26 ) Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths and limitations of each source in terms of the task, purpose, and audience; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and overreliance on any one source and following a standard format for citation. [W.11-12.8]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.11.26- Conduct research using two sources and create a product.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 11
28 ) Write routinely over extended time frames, including time for research, reflection, and revision, and shorter time frames such as a single sitting or a day or two for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences. [W.11-12.10]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 12
38 ) Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on Grade 12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. [L.11-12.4]

a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word's position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. [L.11-12.4a]

b. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech (e.g., conceive, conception, conceivable). [L.11-12.4b]

c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, its etymology, or its standard usage. [L.11-12.4c]

d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). [L.11-12.4d]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.12.38- Identify the meaning of an unknown word or phrase.
ELA.AAS.12.38a- Use context clues to determine the meaning of a word or phrase that may have multiple meanings.
ELA.AAS.12.38c- Identify reference materials and their purposes; demonstrate the ability to use reference materials to find the pronunciation of a word or determine its meaning.
ELA.AAS.12.38d - Verify the meaning of a word using a dictionary.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 12
40 ) Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. [L.11-12.6]

Tags: analysis, authors purpose, Compare and Contrast Map, Comparison and Contrast Guide, essay, Louisa May Alcott, magazine, Venn Diagram
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Author: Cassie Raulston