ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Identity Isn’t Guaranteed

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Identity Isn’t Guaranteed

URL:

https://teachingprivacy.org/module-8-identity-isnt-guaranteed/

Content Source:

Other
International Computer Science Institute
Type: Lesson/Unit Plan

Overview:

Creating an identity on the Internet or impersonating somebody else is often just a matter of a few clicks. Currently, there is no foolproof way to match a real person with their online identity. This means that you can never be sure with whom you are communicating and that someone could steal your online identity and impersonate you!

The lesson elements in this module teach students about the privacy principle: “Identity is not guaranteed on the Internet”. They are designed to be independent and flexible, so you can incorporate them into any size lesson plan. Student resources are available at https://teachingprivacy.org/identity-isnt-guaranteed/.

Summary of Learning Objectives: Students can explain why it is difficult to be sure who one is communicating with online; students can investigate and evaluate the legitimacy of services that want their personal information.

Target Age: High school, college undergraduate.

Learning Objectives: 

  1. Students can give examples of potential consequences of disclosing information online if the entity they’re sharing it with isn’t who they say they are.
  2. Students can give examples of “weak points” that might allow someone to steal their identity, and examples of what that person could do with the stolen identity to compromise their privacy.
  3. Students can explain how “phishing” works, and describe how they should respond to messages they suspect of phishing.
  4. Students can give examples of methods they could use to verify someone’s identity online and can explain the shortcomings of those methods.
  5. Students can give examples of methods they could use to verify the authenticity of apps, sites, and services that request their personal information, and can explain the shortcomings of those methods.
  6. Students can describe some of the basic precautions they can take to keep their accounts secure from hackers and identity thieves.
Content Standard(s):
Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 9-12
R1) Identify, demonstrate, and apply personal safe use of digital devices.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • demonstrate personal safe use of technology.
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • how to safely use digital devices.
  • that failure to use digital devices safely can have an impact on access at school as well as the protection of personal data.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • identify personal safe use of digital devices.
  • demonstrate personal safe use of digital devices.
  • apply personal safe use of digital devices.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • it is important to protect personal data when sharing information on the internet.
Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 9-12
11) Model and demonstrate behaviors that are safe, legal, and ethical while living, learning, and working in an interconnected digital world.

a. Recognize user tracking methods and hazards.

Examples: Cookies, WiFi packet sniffing.

b. Understand how to apply techniques to mitigate effects of user tracking methods.

c. Understand the ramifications of end-user license agreements and terms of service associated with granting rights to personal data and media to other entities.

d. Explain the relationship between online privacy and personal security.

Examples: Convenience and accessibility, data mining, digital marketing, online wallets, theft of personal information.

e. Identify physical, legal, and ethical consequences of inappropriate digital behaviors.

Examples: Cyberbullying/harassment, inappropriate sexual communications.

f. Explain strategies to lessen the impact of negative digital behaviors and assess when to apply them.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • model behaviors that are safe, legal, and ethical while living, learning, and working in an interconnected digital world.
a.
  • be able to identify user tracking methods and hazards.
b.
  • present strategies to mitigate effects of user tracking methods.
c.
  • explain how end-user license agreements and terms of service agreements serve to protect corporations not individuals.
  • explain the ramifications that may exist when one enters into a end-user licensing agreement or terms of use agreement.
  • explain how personal data may be shared by permissions agreed to in terms of service or end-user license agreements.
d.
  • explain online privacy.
  • explain personal security.
  • explain the relationship between online privacy and personal security.
e.
  • identify physical consequences of inappropriate digital behaviors.
  • identify legal consequences of inappropriate digital behaviors.
  • identify ethical consequences of inappropriate digital behaviors.
f.
  • identify impacts of negative digital behaviors.
  • explain strategies to lessen the impact of negative digital behaviors.
  • assess when to apply various strategies to lessen the impact of negative digital behaviors.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • ethics
  • digital world
a.
    cookies
  • virus
  • malware
  • packet sniffing
  • spyware
  • phishing
b.
  • browser history
c.
  • personal data
d.
    data mining
  • digital marketing
  • online wallets
  • personal information
  • data accessibility
  • passwords.
e.
  • cyberbullying
  • harassment
  • sexual communication
f.
  • online safety
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • safe, legal, and ethical behaviors for online behavior.
a.
  • tracking methods are often used to improve digital tools and advertising.
  • hazards exist when unknown entities have access to a user's digital habits.
b.
  • methods to counteract the use of tracking.
c.
  • that often, end-user licensing agreements (EULA) are often written to protect the entity that created the digital tool, rather than the user of the digital tool.
  • that EULAs and terms of service agreements can grant access to the user's personal data.
  • that personal data can include images, posts, personal information (phone number, address, birth date, access to friends), and browsing data.
d.
  • often there exists an inverse relationship between online privacy/personal security and convenience.
e.
  • that inappropriate digital behavior can have physical, legal, and ethical consequences.
f.
  • that negative digital behaviors can have lasting consequences.
  • that some behaviors are illegal.
  • strategies to lessen the impact of negative digital behaviors and assess when to apply them.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • interact digitally while exercising safe, legal, and ethical behaviors.
a.
  • identify tracking methods used to gather data.
  • identify hazards that exist when tracking methods are used.
b.
  • list techniques to avoid tracking.
  • apply techniques to avoid tracking.
c.
  • interpret the terms of EULAs and terms of service agreements.
  • make an educated decision to agree to EULAs and terms of service agreements.
d.
  • weigh the risks of using a digital tool to one's personal security.
  • identify potential risks to using various digital tools.
  • evaluate a digital tool's security.
e.
  • identify inappropriate digital behaviors.
  • identify consequences of inappropriate digital behaviors.
f.
  • identify negative digital behaviors.
  • share strategies to to lessen the impact of negative digital behaviors.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • because the Internet can be such a persisting environment, it is vital to interact with safe, legal, and ethical behaviors.
a.
  • entities use tracking methods to make products more appealing to their users.
  • hazards exists when tracking data can be tied to individual users.
b.
  • privacy can be violated when tracking is used.
  • techniques exist to mitigate the effects of tracking methods.
c.
  • nothing is free—you often give up data to use digital resources for no charge.
  • it is important to educate yourself on EULAs and terms of service agreements.
d.
  • free digital tools can compromise one's privacy and security.
  • it is important to be aware of what one is trading for use of a service.
e.
  • inappropriate digital behavior can have physical, legal, and ethical consequences.
  • consequences of inappropriate digital behaviors can have life-altering consequences.
f.
  • digital identity is tied to online digital behavior.
  • negative digital behaviors can have lasting consequences.
  • some digital activity is illegal.
Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 9-12
12) Describe how sensitive data can be affected by malware and other attacks.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • explain how malware works.
  • describe how sensitive data can be affected by malware and other attacks.
Teacher Vocabulary:
personal data, malware, cyber attacks
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • how malware works.
  • how sensitive data can be affected by malware and other attacks.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • identify when a computer issue is potentially caused by malware.
  • remove malware from a computing device.
  • explain ways to protect computing devices from malware.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • malware is harmful to computing devices and personal data.
  • software exists to remove malware from computing devices.
  • software exists to protect computing devices from a malware attack.
Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 9-12
14) Compare ways to protect devices, software, and data.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • compare ways to protect devices.
  • compare ways to protect software.
  • compare ways to protect data.
Teacher Vocabulary:
computing devices, software, and data
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • that it is important to protect data, software, and devices.
  • why it is important to protect data, software, and devices.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • compare ways to protect devices.
  • compare ways to protect software.
  • compare ways to protect data.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • multiple methods exist to protect data, software, and devices.
  • some methods are more effective than others at meeting specific criteria.
  • it is important to evaluate option for protection of data, software, and devices.
Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 9-12
16) Identify laws regarding the use of technology and their consequences and implications.

Examples: Unmanned vehicles, net neutrality/common carriers, hacking, intellectual property, piracy, plagiarism.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • identify laws relative to the use of technology.
  • identify consequences of violating laws relative to the use of technology.
  • identify implications of laws relative to the use of technology.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • net neutrality
  • hacking
  • intellectual property
  • piracy plagiarism
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • technology changes at a rapid rate.
  • all things that are possible with technology may not be ethical.
  • that laws exist or are created to encourage individuals and entities to operate in an ethical manner.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • identify laws relative to the use of technology.
  • identify consequences of violating laws relative to the use of technology.
  • identify implications of laws relative to the use of technology.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • technology changes at a rapid rate.
  • all things that are possible with technology may not be ethical.
  • that laws exist or are created to encourage individuals and entities to operate in an ethical manner.
Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 9-12
17) Discuss the ethical ramifications of malicious hacking and its impact on society.

Examples: Dissemination of privileged information, ransomware.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • discuss malicious hacking.
  • discuss ethical ramifications of malicious hacking.
  • discuss the impacts on society of malicious hacking.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • white hat hacking
  • black hat hacking
  • information
  • ransomware
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • that not all people use technology in a legal or ethical manner.
  • that software and processes are created to elicit personal data for negative purposes.
  • that the negative behaviors associated with technology have impacts on society.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • identify malicious hacking.
  • discuss ethical ramifications of malicious hacking.
  • discuss the impacts on society of malicious hacking.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • that not all people use technology in a legal or ethical manner.
  • that software and processes are created to elicit personal data for negative purposes.
  • that the negative behaviors associated with technology have impacts on society.
Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 9-12
20) Evaluate strategies to manage digital identity and reputation with awareness of the permanent impact of actions in a digital world.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • research the impacts of actions taken in a digital environment.
  • evaluate strategies to protect their reputation in a digital environment.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • digital identity
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • that often individuals are judged by their publicly visible online presence prior to meeting people in person.
  • that strategies exist to manage what is publicly posted online about you.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • identify both positive and negative posts online.
  • identify consequences associated with negative online posting.
  • manage their digital identity and minimize negative repercussions.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • data posted online may not remain private.
  • all data shared online will have some impact on one's digital identity.
  • one must be mindful of the data attached to one's digital identity.
Tags: authenticity, consequences, disclosure, hackers, phishing, precautions, privacy, weak points
License Type: Attribution
For full descriptions of license types and a guide to usage, visit :
https://creativecommons.org/licenses
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Author: Aimee Bates