ALEX Classroom Resource


Water Takes Three Forms

  Classroom Resource Information  


Water Takes Three Forms


Content Source:

Type: Learning Activity


The teacher will present an informational text from the website, ReadWorks. The students and teacher can interact with this non-fiction text by annotating the text digitally. The students will answer the questions associated with the article as an assessment. This learning activity can be used to introduce students to the changes caused by heating or cooling water, serve as reinforcement after students have already learned this concept, or be used as an assessment at the conclusion of a lesson. This article will provide evidence to students that the physical changes caused by heating and cooling water can be reversed. 

Content Standard(s):
English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 2
10 ) Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. [RI.2.1]

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.2.10- Answer who, what, and where questions to demonstrate understanding of an informational text.

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 2
11 ) Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text. [RI.2.2]

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.2.11- Identify the main idea of an informational text; identify important details in an informational text.

SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 2
4 ) Provide evidence that some changes in matter caused by heating or cooling can be reversed (e.g., heating or freezing of water) and some changes are irreversible (e.g., baking a cake, boiling an egg).

Insight Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Engaging in Argument from Evidence
Crosscutting Concepts: Cause and Effect
Disciplinary Core Idea: Matter and Its Interactions
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
  • Construct an argument with evidence to support a claim that some changes in matter caused by heating and cooling can be reversed and some cannot.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Properties
  • Evidence
  • Change
  • Matter
  • Heating
  • Cooling
  • Reversible
  • Irreversible
Students know:
  • Characteristics of materials before heating or cooling.
  • Characteristics of materials after heating and cooling.
  • Characteristics of materials when heating or cooling is reversed.
Students are able to:
  • Analyze evidence to support a claim that heating and cooling causes change in matter.
Students understand that:
  • Heating or cooling a substance may cause changes that can be observed. Sometimes these changes are reversible and sometimes they are not.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Solids and Liquids, FOSS

NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
P4.6: One way to change matter from one state to another and back again is by heating and cooling.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.2.4- Predict changes to matter, reversible and irreversible, that may occur when matter is heated or cooled (e.g., heating or freezing water, boiling an egg, baking a cake).

Tags: changes in matter, cooling, form, heating, informational text, main idea, observe, reversed, shape, water
License Type: Custom Permission Type
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AccessibilityAudio resources: includes a transcript or subtitles

ReadWorks is a website that provides K-12 teachers with free literacy resources (About ReadWorks). ReadWorks has literary and informational texts on a variety of subjects and reading skills. You may narrow your search using grade level or Lexile level, making this website a wonderful tool for differentiation. Students will complete their work digitally, and you will provide their score and feedback digitally. This makes it easy to go paperless for this activity.

Prior to implementing this activity, you will need to sign up for an Educator Account on ReadWorks. After setting up an account, create a class from the Class Admin tab, this will provide you with a Class Code to give to students. Next, use the Find Content tab to search for the informational article that will be used during this activity, "Water Takes Three Forms." After navigating to the article, click on the blue Assign button to assign it to your class.

Each student will need access to a digital device, such as a tablet or laptop. The first time students enter the website they will need to enter the Class Code that is listed on your Class Admin page. Alternatively, you can print the article and corresponding questions for students, if digital devices are not available. The teacher could also complete this activity by projecting the article and questions for the whole class to view.

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Author: Hannah Bradley