ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Muscular System: Structure and Function

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Muscular System: Structure and Function

URL:

https://betterlesson.com/lesson/629930/muscular-system-structure-and-function

Content Source:

Other
Better Lesson
Type: Lesson/Unit Plan

Overview:

In this lesson, students will be able to explain the relationship between the structure of the muscular system and its function. Students develop an argument on how the body, including the muscular system, is a system composed of a specialized group of cells and tissues. This is a complete lesson plan that includes multiple videos, learning activities, worksheets, and PowerPoint about the role and function of the muscular system. 

Content Standard(s):
Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 4
10 ) Obtain and communicate information explaining that humans have systems that interact with one another for digestion, respiration, circulation, excretion, movement, control, coordination, and protection from disease.

Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information
Crosscutting Concepts: Systems and System Models
Disciplinary Core Idea: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Obtain information explaining that humans have systems that interact with one another for digestion, respiration, circulation, excretion, movement, control, coordination, and protection from disease.
  • Communicate information explaining that humans have systems that interact with one another for digestion, respiration, circulation, excretion, movement, control, coordination, and protection from disease.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • communicate
  • articulate
  • obtain
  • structure
  • function
  • interactions
  • digestion
  • respiration
  • circulation
  • excretion
  • movement
  • control
  • coordination
  • protection
  • disease
  • body systems
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Humans have systems that interact with one another.
  • The purpose, functions, and interactions of the digestive system.
  • The purpose, functions, and interactions of the respiratory system.
  • The purpose, functions, and interactions of the circulatory system.
  • The purpose, functions, and interactions of the excretory system.
  • The purpose, functions, and interactions of the systems that contribute to movement, control, and coordination.
  • The purpose, functions, and interactions of the systems that protect the body from disease.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Obtain information by reading and comprehending grade-appropriate complex texts about the interacting systems in the human body.
  • Evaluate information about interactions and functions of human body systems by comparing and/or combining across complex texts and/or other reliable media.
  • Communicate information orally and/or in written formats about interactions and functions of human body systems.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • The body is a system of interacting parts that makes up a whole and carries out functions its individual parts can not.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Animal Studies

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.4.10- Identify human systems (i.e. digestive, circulatory, and respiratory).


Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 7
Life Science
4 ) Construct models and representations of organ systems (e.g., circulatory, digestive, respiratory, muscular, skeletal, nervous) to demonstrate how multiple interacting organs and systems work together to accomplish specific functions.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.1c: All organisms are composed of cells, from one cell only to many cells. About two-thirds of the weight of cells is accounted for by water, which gives cells many of their properties. In multicellular organisms, specialized cells perform specialized functions. Organs and organ systems are composed of cells and function to serve the needs of cells for food, air, and waste removal. The way in which cells function is similar in all living organisms.

NAEP Statement::
L8.1d: All organisms are composed of cells, from one cell only to many cells. About two-thirds of the weight of cells is accounted for by water, which gives cells many of their properties. In multicellular organisms, specialized cells perform specialized functions. Organs and organ systems are composed of cells and function to serve the needs of cells for food, air, and waste removal. The way in which cells function is similar in all living organisms.


Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Developing and Using Models
Crosscutting Concepts: Systems and System Models
Disciplinary Core Idea: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Construct models demonstrate how multiple systems (including the organs of those systems) function together to serve specific purposes within the human body.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Model
  • System
  • Tissues
  • Organ
  • Organ System
  • Biological hierarchy (e.g., cells, tissues, organs, etc.)
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Biological hierarchy (cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms).
  • Specialized cells make up specialized tissues; specialized tissues make up organs (e.g., the heart contains muscle, connective, and epithelial tissues that allow the heart to receive and pump blood).
  • Major organs of the body systems (e.g., circulatory, digestive, respiratory, muscular, skeletal, nervous).
  • Functions of the body systems.
  • Interacting organ systems are involved in performing specific body functions.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Construct a model or representation that demonstrates how interacting organs and systems accomplish functions.
  • Describe the relationships between components of the model.
  • Use observations from the model to provide causal accounts for events and make predictions for events by constructing explanations.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • The body is a system of multiple interacting subsystems (organ systems).
  • Different organs work together to form organ systems that carry out complex functions (e.g., the heart and blood vessels work together as the circulatory system).
  • The interaction of organ systems are needed for survival, growth, and development of an organism.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Exploring Body Systems

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.4- Label major organs of the human body (e.g., heart, lungs, diaphragm, bones, muscles, stomach, brain, intestines); use a model to demonstrate how organs are connected in an organ system; recognize how organ systems support the survival of humans (e.g., circulatory, respiratory, skeletal, muscular, digestive).


Physical Education
PE (2019)
Grade: 6
6-3.10) Identify and locate major muscles used in selected physical activities.

APE accommodation suggestions: Visual aids and cues

Tags: muscles, muscular system
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  This resource provided by:  
Author: Ginger Aaron-Brush