Mathematics MA2015 (2016) Grade: 3  5 ) Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide. (Students need not use formal terms for these properties.) [3OA5]
Examples: If 6 x 4 = 24 is known, then 4 x 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication)
3 x 5 x 2 can be found by 3 x 5 = 15, then 15 x 2 = 30, or by 5 x 2 = 10, then 3 x 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication)
Knowing that 8 x 5 = 40 and 8 x 2 = 16, one can find 8 x 7 as 8 x (5 + 2) = (8 x 5) + (8 x 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property)
NAEP Framework

Mathematics MA2015 (2016) Grade: 3  7 ) Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 x 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two onedigit numbers. [3OA7]
NAEP Framework
Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
