ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Pictograph StudyJam

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Pictograph StudyJam

URL:

https://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/math/data-analysis/pictograph.htm

Content Source:

Other
http://studyjams.scholastic.com/
Type: Interactive/Game

Overview:

In this interactive activity, students will be introduced to pictographs and led through steps to create a pictograph. There are teaching activities as well as practice activities available. A handout that reviews the strategies taught during the activity can be printed. After utilizing this resource, the students can complete the short quiz to assess their understanding.

Content Standard(s):
Mathematics
MA2019 (2019)
Grade: 2
16. Create a picture graph and bar graph to represent data with up to four categories.

a. Using information presented in a bar graph, solve simple "put-together," "take-apart," and "compare" problems.

b. Using Venn diagrams, pictographs, and "yes-no" charts, analyze data to predict an outcome.
Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • collect data.
  • represent data in picture graph or bar graph format.
  • share a summary of that data.
  • share conclusions.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Pictographs
  • Venn diagrams
  • Yes/no charts
  • Bar graphs
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • strategies for collecting, organizing, and recording data.
  • strategies for counting and comparing quantities.
  • strategies for solving addition and subtraction problems.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • choose and apply appropriate strategies for organizing and recording data.
  • read and interpret graphical representations (pictographs and bar graphs) of data.
  • communicate and defend solutions and solution paths.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • questions concerning mathematical contexts can be answered by collecting and organizing data on pictographs and bar graphs.
Diverse Learning Needs:
Essential Skills:
Learning Objectives:
M.2.16.1: Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve addition and subtraction word problems with an unknown number.
M.2.16.2: Describe picture graph and bar graph.
M.2.16.3: Demonstrate conceptual understanding of adding or subtracting using a variety of materials.
M.2.16.4: Use vocabulary related to comparing data.
Examples: more than, less than, most, least, equal.
M.2.16.5: Recognize attributes of data displays.
M.2.16.6: Locate information on data displays.
M.2.16.7: Classify objects into given categories.
M.2.16.8: Sort the categories by count.
M.2.16.9: Recognize different types of data displays.
M.2.16.10: Count objects up to 50.

Prior Knowledge Skills:
  • Understand different types of graphs (ex. Venn diagram, bar graphs and pictograph).
  • Identify more and less when given two groups of objects of 10 or fewer.
  • Understand that words can label sameness and differences.
  • Understand categories.
  • Identify object attributes.
    Examples: color, shape, size, texture, purpose.
  • Sort objects on the basis of both color and shape.
  • Sort a variety of objects in a group that have one thing in common.
  • Recognize numerals from 0-20.
  • Understand the concept of amount.
  • Understand that the last number name tells the number of objects counted.
  • Pair a group of objects with a number representing the total number of objects in the group (up to ten objects).
  • Recognize numerals 0-10.
  • Add one to a set of objects (up to 10 objects).
  • Put together two small groups of objects to create a larger group to represent adding.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
M.AAS.2.16 Using vocalization, sign language, augmentative communication, or assistive technology, use a graph, limited to 2 categories, to answer more/less, most/least, or equal to questions (a combined total of no more than 30 objects/pictures shown for the 2 categories).


Mathematics
MA2019 (2019)
Grade: 3
16. For a given or collected set of data, create a scaled (one-to-many) picture graph and scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories.

a. Determine a simple probability from a context that includes a picture.

b. Solve one- and two-step "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled graphs.
Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students
  • Organize data and draw a scaled picture graph (with scales other than 1) to represent a data set with several categories.
  • Organize data and draw a scaled bar graph (with scales other than 1) to represent a data set with several categories.
  • Given a scaled picture graph or bar graph, solve one-And two-step problems using information presented in the graphs.
  • Determine simple probability from a context that includes a picture or information displayed in a graph.

  • Example: A picture graph displays data to represent the type of transportation for students traveling to school as 10 students walk, 8 students ride bikes, 38 ride the bus, and 12 ride in cars. Another student enrolls in school. What is the least likely way they will travel to school? Why?

    Note: Students are expected to reason about probability, not calculate a probability.
    Teacher Vocabulary:
    • Data set
    • Scale
    • Picture graph
    • Scaled bar graph
    • Category
    • Probability
    Knowledge:
    Students know:
    • Strategies for collecting, organizing, and recording data in picture graphs and bar graphs.
    • Describe and interpret data on picture and bar graphs.
    • Strategies for solving addition and subtraction one-And two-step problems.
    Skills:
    Students are able to:
    • Collect and categorize data to display graphically.
    • Draw a scaled picture graph (with scales other than 1) to represent a data set with several categories.
    • Draw a scaled bar graph (with scales other than 1) to represent a data set with several categories.
    • Determine simple probability from a context that includes a picture.
      Example: A bar graph displays data to represent students' favorite colors with data showing 4 students choose red, 11 students choose blue, 2 students choose green, and 4 students choose purple. If Jamal is a student in the class, what do you think his favorite color might be? Why?
    • Solve one-And two-step "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled graphs.
    Understanding:
    Students understand that:
    • Questions concerning mathematical contexts can be answered by collecting and organizing data scaled pictographs and bar graphs.
    • Understand that logical reasoning and connections between representations provide justifications for solutions.
    Diverse Learning Needs:
    Essential Skills:
    Learning Objectives:
    M.3.16.1: Define picture graph, bar graph, and data.
    M.3.16.2: Interpret the data to solve problems.
    M.3.16.3: Identify the parts of a graph (x-axis, y-axis, title, key, equal intervals, labels).
    M.3.16.4: Locate the data on a picture graph and a bar graph.
    M.3.16.5: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another.
    M.3.16.6: Directly compare two objects, with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has "more of" or "less of" the attribute, and describe the difference.

    Prior Knowledge Skills:
    • Describe picture graph and bar graph.
    • Use vocabulary related to comparing data.
      Examples: more than, less than, most, least, equal.
    • Recognize attributes of data displays.
    • Locate information on data displays.
    • Classify objects into given categories.
    • Sort the categories by count.
    • Recognize different types of data displays.

    Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
    AAS Standard:
    M.AAS.3.16 Measure lengths of objects using non standard tools (paper clips). Limit to whole numbers.
    M.AAS.3.17 Using vocalization, sign language, augmentative communication or assistive technology, represent and interpret data on a picture or bar graph when given a model or a graph to complete.


    Tags: data, pictograph, symbol
    License Type: Custom Permission Type
    See Terms: http://www.scholastic.com/terms.htm
    For full descriptions of license types and a guide to usage, visit :
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses
    AccessibilityText Resources: Content is organized under headings and subheadings
    Comments

    The quiz may be completed as a whole group or independently on student devices.

    Scholastic StudyJams is a free resource for teachers.  Teachers do not need to create an account to access the resources available.

      This resource provided by:  
    Author: Hannah Bradley