ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Reconstruction and 1876/Crash Course US History #22

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Reconstruction and 1876/Crash Course US History #22

URL:

https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/6feaee14-3f86-4ecc-adb6-e3b08f125cbe/reconstruction-and-1876-crash-course-us-history-22/

Content Source:

PBS
Type: Audio/Video

Overview:

In this video from PBSLearningMedia, John Green teaches students about Reconstruction. After the divisive, destructive Civil War, Abraham Lincoln had a plan to reconcile the country and make it whole again. Then he got shot; Andrew Johnson took over, and the disagreements between Johnson and Congress ensured that Reconstruction would fail. The election of 1876 made the whole thing even more of a mess, and the country called it off, leaving the nation still very divided. John will talk about the gains made by African-Americans in the years after the Civil War and how they lost those gains almost immediately when Reconstruction stopped. You'll learn about the Freedman's Bureau, the 14th and 15th Amendments, and the disastrous election of 1876.

**Sensitive: This resource contains material that may be sensitive for some students. Teachers should exercise discretion in evaluating whether this resource is suitable for their class

Content Standard(s):
Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 10
United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
4 ) Describe the political system of the United States based on the Constitution of the United States. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.d., A.1.g., A.1.i.]

•  Interpreting the Preamble to the Constitution of the United States; separation of powers; federal system; elastic clause; the Bill of Rights; and the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Nineteenth Amendments as key elements of the Constitution of the United States
•  Describing inadequacies of the Articles of Confederation
•  Distinguishing personalities, issues, ideologies, and compromises related to the Constitutional Convention and the ratification of the Constitution of the United States, including the role of the Federalist papers
•  Identifying factors leading to the development and establishment of political parties, including Alexander Hamilton's economic policies, conflicting views of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, George Washington's Farewell Address, and the election of 1800
Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Describe the political system of the United States based on the Constitution of the United States and the factors that influenced its development.
  • Identify and analyze factors that have lead to the various interpretations of the Constitution and related documents.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • political system
  • elements
  • distinguishing
  • ideologies
  • conflicting
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • The inadequacies of Articles of Confederation and how these lead to the writing of the Constitution.
  • Personalities, issues, ideologies, and compromises related to the Constitutional Convention and the ratification of the Constitution of the United States.
  • The purpose and effects of the Federalist Papers.
  • Details of the political system of the United States based on the Constitution of the United States.
  • How to interpret the Preamble to the Constitution.
  • The purpose of the separation of powers and how this works in the U.S. federal system.
  • The meaning and purpose of the elastic clause.
  • The purpose of the Bill of Rights and the effects of these amendments.
  • Factors leading to the development and establishment of political parties, including Alexander Hamilton's economic policies, conflicting views of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, George Washington's Farewell Address, and the election of 1800.
  • The reasons for and effects of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Nineteenth Amendments.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Analyze and describe the political system of the United States based on the Constitution of the United States by giving a verbal or written account with characteristics of the political system.
  • Interpret the Preamble of the Constitution, separation of powers, federal system; elastic clause, the Bill of Rights; and the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Nineteenth Amendments by examining these parts.
  • Describe the inadequacies of the Articles of Confederation by giving a verbal or written account of the weaknesses.
  • Distinguish personalities, ideas, issues, ideologies and compromises related to the Constitutional by highlighting these differences.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • The Constitution replaced a weak Articles of Confederation and provides the basis for governing the United States.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.10.4- Understand that the U.S. Constitution is our plan of government.
SS.AAS.10.4a - Define the amendments including the Bill of Rights.
SS.AAS.10.4b - Define the major provisions of the Constitution including the separation of powers, checks and balances, the three branches of government - executive, legislative, and judicial.
SS.AAS.10.4c - Identify the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.


Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 10
United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
14 ) Describe how the Civil War influenced the United States, including the Anaconda Plan and the major battles of Bull Run, Antietam, Vicksburg, and Gettysburg and Sherman's March to the Sea. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.c., A.1.d., A.1.e., A.1.i., A.1.k.]

•  Identifying key Northern and Southern Civil War personalities, including Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, and William Tecumseh Sherman
Example: President Abraham Lincoln's philosophy of union, executive orders, and leadership

•  Analyzing the impact of the division of the nation during the Civil War regarding resources, population distribution, and transportation
•  Explaining reasons border states remained in the Union during the Civil War
•  Describing nonmilitary events and life during the Civil War, including the Homestead Act, the Morrill Act, Northern draft riots, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the Gettysburg Address
•  Describing the role of women in American society during the Civil War, including efforts made by Elizabeth Blackwell and Clara Barton
•  Tracing Alabama's involvement in the Civil War (Alabama)
Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Analyze the social, political, economic, and military impacts of the Civil War on the United States.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • division
  • distribution
  • trace
  • impact
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Major military and political events of the Civil War, including the Anaconda Plan and the major battles of Bull Run, Antietam, Vicksburg, and Gettysburg and Sherman's March to the Sea.
  • Key Northern and Southern Civil War personalities, including Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, and William Tecumseh Sherman.
  • Divisions of resources, population distribution, and transportation in the nation during the Civil War.
  • Reasons border states remained in the Union during the Civil War.
  • Major nonmilitary social and political events during the Civil War, including the Homestead Act, the Morrill Act, Northern draft riots, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the Gettysburg Address.
  • The role of women in American society during the Civil War, including efforts made by Elizabeth Blackwell and Clara Barton. Major aspects of Alabama's involvement in the Civil War.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Describe major military and political events of the Civil War.
  • Trace important Civil War battles in a map.
  • Identify key Northern and Southern Civil War personalities, and analyze the role and influence of each.
  • Analyze the division of resources, population distribution and transportation in the United States during the Civil War.
  • Analyze primary source documents pertinent to Civil-War era issues.
  • Explain the reason border states remained in the Union during the Civil War.
  • Describe major non-military social and political events during the Civil War.
  • Describe the role of women in American society during the Civil War.
  • Trace Alabama's involvement in the Civil War.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • The was a significant impact of the Civil War, its significant battles and influential leaders, nonmilitary events of the time period, abolition, reform efforts by women, and Alabama's involvement in the war.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.10.14- Define civil war; describe the Civil War as a conflict between Southern and Northern states; identify major events, battles, and people that influenced the United States during the Civil War; locate the Union States from the Confederate States on a map; describe Alabama's role in the Civil War.


Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 10
United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
15 ) Compare congressional and presidential reconstruction plans, including African-American political participation. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.c., A.1.d., A.1.e., A.1.i., A.1.k.]

•  Tracing economic changes in the post-Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and South, including the effectiveness of the Freedmen's Bureau
•  Describing social restructuring of the South, including Southern military districts, the role of carpetbaggers and scalawags, the creation of the black codes, and the Ku Klux Klan
•  Describing the Compromise of 1877
•  Summarizing post-Civil War constitutional amendments, including the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments
•  Explaining causes for the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson
•  Explaining the impact of the Jim Crow laws and Plessey versus Ferguson on the social and political structure of the New South after Reconstruction
•  Analyzing political and social motives that shaped the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 to determine their long-term effect on politics and economics in Alabama (Alabama)
Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Analyze and compare the short- and long-term impacts of the social, economic, and political realities of the
  • Reconstruction Era on the United States as a whole, regionally, and in Alabama.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • effectiveness
  • restructure
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Congressional and presidential reconstruction plans, including African-American political participation.
  • Economic changes in the post-Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and South, including the effectiveness of the Freedmen's Bureau.
  • Social restructuring of the South, including Southern military districts, the role of carpetbaggers and scalawags, the creation of the black codes, and the Ku Klux Klan.
  • The Compromise of 1877.
  • Post-Civil War constitutional amendments, including the
  • Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments.
  • The causes of the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson.
  • The impact of the Jim Crow laws and Plessy versus Ferguson on the social and Political structure of the South after Reconstruction.
  • Political and social motives that shaped the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 and their long-term effect on politics and economics in Alabama.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Compare congressional and presidential reconstruction plan.
  • Trace the economic changes in the post Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and South.
  • Describe the Compromise of 1877.
  • Summarize the post-Civil War constitutional amendments.
  • Explain the causes of the impeachment of Presidential Andrew Johnson.
  • Explain the impact of the Jim Crow laws and Plessey versus Ferguson on the social and political structure of the South after Reconstruction.
  • Analyze the political and social motives that shaped the Alabama Constitution of 1901 to determine the long term political and examining effects.
  • Analyze primary source documents relating to reconstruction plans, segregation, and the Constitution of Alabama of 1901.
  • Determine the effects of different reconstruction plans on a map.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • There were important social, economic, and political realities of the Reconstruction Era, as well as short- and long-term impacts of these realities on the United States as a whole, regionally, and in Alabama.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.10.15- Define reconstruction, scalawags, carpetbaggers, Black Codes, impeachment, and freedmen's Bureau; identify Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments; recognize social, political, and economic changes initiated by the policies of the Reconstruction.


Tags: 14th amendment, 15th amendment, Abraham Lincoln, carpetbaggers, civil war, Compromise of 1877, election of 1876, Ku Klux Klan, reconstruction
License Type: Custom Permission Type
See Terms: https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/help/terms-of-use/#permitted
For full descriptions of license types and a guide to usage, visit :
https://creativecommons.org/licenses
AccessibilityVideo resources: includes closed captioning or subtitles
Comments

PBSLearningMedia is free for teachers. Teachers need to create a free account to access all available resources. 

**Sensitive: This resource contains material that may be sensitive for some students. Teachers should exercise discretion in evaluating whether this resource is suitable for their class

  This resource provided by:  
Author: Ginger Boyd