ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Separation of Powers/Civics 101

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Separation of Powers/Civics 101

URL:

https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/separation-of-powers-civics-101/video-civics-101/

Content Source:

PBS
Type: Audio/Video

Overview:

In this video from PBSLearningMedia, students learn about the constitution. To protect the rights of the people—the Constitution says it takes three parts of the government to make or change a law or make other important decisions. This separation of powers is the process by which states govern. The state's government is divided into branches, each with separate, independent powers and responsibilities so that the powers of one branch are not in conflict with other branches. They serve as checks and balances to each other.

Content Standard(s):
Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 3
Geographic and Historical Studies: People, Places, and Regions
10 ) Recognize functions of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States.

•  Describing the process by which a bill becomes law
•  Explaining the relationship between the federal government and state governments, including the three branches of government (Alabama)
•  Defining governmental systems, including democracy, monarchy, and dictatorship
Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, Geography, History
Course Title: Living and Working Together in State and Nation
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Identify ways people are affected by their human and physical environments and provide examples of each.
  • Compare physical features of regions throughout the United States.
  • Identify positive and negative ways people affect the environment, including the benefits of recreation and tourism at state and national parks.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • identify
  • human environment
  • physical environment
  • compare
  • physical features
  • regions of the United States
  • recognize benefits
  • recreation
  • tourism
  • state parks
  • national parks
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Difference between human and physical environments the physical regions of the United States and the features of each.
  • Affects of environment on human behavior and ways of life.
  • Positive and negative affects of humans on the environment.
  • Examples of types of tourism and recreation and the affects of each, including state and national parks.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • List examples of the ways human and physical environments affect people and the ways they live.
  • Differentiate between regions of the United States based upon their physical features.
  • Differentiate between positive and negative effects that people have on the environment.
  • Explain the benefits of recreation and tourism, including at state and national parks.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • There are various ways that people are affected by their human and physical environments, as well as the effects, both positive and negative, that humans have on the environment.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.3.10- Demonstrate an understanding that families, schools, organizations, and governments have certain structures and rules; identify the Constitution of the United States as a set of rules for the country.


Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 5
United States Studies: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
9 ) Explain how inadequacies of the Articles of Confederation led to the creation and eventual ratification of the Constitution of the United States.

•  Describing major ideas, concepts, and limitations of the Constitution of the United States, including duties and powers of the three branches of government
•  Identifying factions in favor of and opposed to ratification of the Constitution of the United States
Example: Federalist and Anti-Federalist factions

•  Identifying main principles in the Bill of Rights
•  Analyzing the election of George Washington as President of the United States for its impact on the role of president in a republic
Unpacked Content
Strand: History, Civics and Government
Course Title: United States Studies: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Describe and analyze the role of the Articles of Confederation and influential groups and individuals on the development of the United States Constitution.
  • Identify the main principles of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights and analyze events such as the election of George Washington as President for their impact on the development of the republic.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • inadequacies
  • Article of Confederation
  • ratification
  • limitations
  • factions
  • Federalist
  • Anti-Federalist
  • republic
  • powers
  • principles
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Inadequacies of the Articles of Confederation and the impact these had on the creation of the Constitution of the United States.
  • The duties and powers of the three branches of government.
  • The supporters and oppositions of the constitution.
  • The main principles of the bill of rights.
  • The impact of George Washington as president in a republic.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Analyze and describe the impact of government documents.
  • Describe and provide examples of major ideas, concepts, and limitations of the Constitution including the duties and powers of the three branches of government.
  • Compare and contrast the positions of various groups involved in historic events, such as the writing of the Constitution and Bill of Rights.
  • Analyze primary source documents.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • The Articles of Confederation and influential groups and individuals played a role in the development of the United States Constitution.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.5.9- Define constitution as a plan of government; identify the three branches of government; identify the major freedoms of the Bill of Rights, including speech, religion, press, right to bear arms, and assembly.
SS.AAS.5.9a- Recognize George Washington as the first president of the United States.


Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 7
Civics
5 ) Compare duties and functions of members of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of Alabama's local and state governments and of the national government. (Alabama)

•  Locating political and geographic districts of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of Alabama's local and state governments and of the national government (Alabama)
•  Describing the organization and jurisdiction of courts at the local, state, and national levels within the judicial system of the United States (Alabama)
•  Explaining concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances among the three branches of state and national governments (Alabama)
Unpacked Content
Strand: Geography, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: Civics
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Relate the organization, duties and functions of state and local government examining how they compare and contrast to the organization, duties and functions of the federal government.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • branches: executive, legislative, judicial
  • duties
  • functions
  • organization
  • jurisdiction
  • federal
  • districts
  • separation of powers
  • checks and balances
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • The functions of each of the three branches of the Federal Government and the three branches of Alabama's government.
  • The functions of the local government.
  • The organizational structure of local, state and Federal Courts.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Locate state and federal political districts and geographic districts in Alabama on a map.
  • Cite evidence in primary source documents to support important concepts of American Government.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • The structure of government at the federal and state level and the unique duties and functions of each are set forth by the U.S. and Alabama Constitutions.

    Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
    AAS Standard:
    SS.AAS.7.5- Define the three branches of government; recognize the function of each branch of government as making laws, enforcing laws, or reviewing laws; identifying concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances.


    Tags: American history, checks and balances, constitution, separation of powers, three branches of government
    License Type: Custom Permission Type
    See Terms: https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/help/terms-of-use/#permitted
    For full descriptions of license types and a guide to usage, visit :
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses
    AccessibilityVideo resources: includes closed captioning or subtitles
    Comments

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    Author: Ginger Boyd