ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Spanish Proficiency Excercises

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Spanish Proficiency Excercises

URL:

https://laits.utexas.edu/spe/

Content Source:

Other
Coerll University of Texas at Austin
Type: Audio/Video

Overview:

This resource provides a large variety of authentic audio and video clips by native speakers from around the Spanish-speaking world. Clips are organized by proficiency level (beginner, novice, intermediate, advanced, and superior) and by topic. Each video clip provides resources to assist in interpretive listening activities including a Spanish language transcript, an optional English translation, a list of related vocabulary, and review of covered grammar points. These audio and video clips make it easy for students to analyze spoken language as they explore various dialects and compare language usage with their own.

Content Standard(s):
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Novice Low Proficiency Range
2) Demonstrate an understanding of simple spoken or written language presented through a variety of media resources on familiar topics.

a. Recognize key words and phrases in the target language.

Examples: colors, numbers, animals, weather, days of the week

b. Identify people and objects in their environment.

Examples: clothing, classroom items, family members

c. Understand basic instructions.

Examples: turn on lights, look at board

d. Interpret the meaning of gestures, intonation, and other auditory cues.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • identify memorized or familiar words in an informational or
  • fictional text when supported by gestures of visuals.
  • understand memorized or familar words in a conversation (example: basic instructions).
  • interpret gestures and auditory clues.

3-5
Students:
  • identify familiar words in an informational or fictional text.
  • understand names and titles when speakers are introduced.
  • understand familar words in a conversation (such as hello and goodbye).
  • interpret gestures and auditory clues.
  • follow simple classroom instructions.

6-8
Students:
  • identify familiar words in an informational or fictional text.
  • follow instructions for simple class routines.
  • understand names and titles when speakers are introduced.
  • recognize numbers when heard or read.
  • recognize familiar words and expressions when heard.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • key words and phrases.
  • how to identify people and objects.
  • vocabulary for basic instructions.
  • how to interpret gestures.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

3-5
Students know:
  • key words and phrases.
  • how to identify people and objects.
  • vocabulary for basic instructions.
  • how to interpret gestures.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

6-8
Students know:
  • key words and phrases.
  • how to identify people and objects.
  • vocabulary for basic instructions.
  • how to interpret gestures.
  • numbers.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • apply and acquire vocabulary.
  • recognize and expand vocabulary.
  • demonstrate comprehension.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • apply and acquire vocabulary.
  • use context and resources to derive meaning.
  • recognize and expand vocabulary.
  • demonstrate comprehension.

6-8
Students are able to:
  • apply and acquire vocabulary.
  • use context and resources to derive meaning.
  • extract specific information by interpreting grammar and syntax.
  • explore a variety of topics and materials for information and pleasure.
  • recognize and expand vocabulary.
  • synthesize grammar and syntax.
  • demonstrate comprehension.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
    • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Novice Low Proficiency Range
6) Investigate, analyze, and reflect on similarities and differences between the target and native languages.

a. Identify cognates.

b. Differentiate formal and informal forms of language.

c. Compare sound systems of the native and target languages.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Modes Of Communication:
interpersonal Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • identify cognates.
  • recognize formal and informal language.
  • begin to notice similarities and differences in the target and native languages.

3-5
  • identify cognates.
  • recognize formal and informal language.
  • begin to notice similarities and differences in target and native languages.

6-8
Students:
  • compare pronunciation of different languages.
  • differentiate formal and informal forms of language.
  • recognize cognates.
  • discuss similarities and differences between the target and native languages.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • what cognates are.

3-5
Students know:
  • what cognates are.
  • how to recognize formal and informal language.

6-8
Students know:
  • proper target language pronunciation.
  • how to recognize formal and informal language.
  • various tangible products.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • recognize and use simple cognates.
  • recognize formal and informal language.
  • use formal and informal language.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • recognize and use simple cognates.
  • recognize formal and informal language.
  • use formal and informal language.

6-8
Students are able to:
  • recognize and use simple cognates.
  • recognize formal and informal language
  • use formal and informal language.
  • use proper pronunciation.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • Other understanding will depend on theme taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Novice Mid Proficiency Range
2) Demonstrate an understanding of simple spoken or written language presented through a variety of media resources on familiar topics.

a. Recognize everyday words and phrases on topics related to personal experiences.

Examples: Places to go, careers, leisure time activities

b. Identify cognates.

c. Categorize vocabulary in predictable topic areas.

d. Differentiate among statements, questions, and exclamations.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • identify some basic facts in spoken or written language.
  • identify words and phrases in captions of pictures in books.
  • recognize statement and questions.

3-5
Students:
  • identify some basic words in spoken or written language.
  • identify words and phrases in captions of pictures in books, magazines or newspapers.
  • recognize statements and questions.

6-8
Students:
  • identify some basic facts in spoken or written language.
  • identify words and phrases in informational and fictional texts.
  • recognize statements, questions and exclamations.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • basic sentence structures and vocabulary.
  • how to ask questions.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

3-5
Students know:
  • basic sentence structures and vocabulary.
  • how to ask questions.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

6-8
Students know:
  • basic sentence structures and vocabulary.
  • how to ask questions.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • use basic sentence structures and vocabulary.
  • ask simple and rehearsed questions.
  • use vocabulary learned in thematic units.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • use basic sentence structures and vocabulary.
  • ask simple and rehearsed questions.
  • use vocabulary learned in thematic units.

6-8
Students are able to:
  • use basic sentence structures and vocabulary.
  • ask simple and rehearsed questions.
  • use vocabulary learned in thematic units.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Novice Mid Proficiency Range
6) Investigate, analyze, and reflect on similarities and differences between the target and native languages.

a. Identify cognates and hypothesize about why languages might need to borrow words.

b. Compare word order of native and target languages.

c. Compare patterns of spoken communication such as intonation and pronunciation.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • recognize word order of the target language.
  • recognize similarities in pronunciation.
  • identify cognates.

3-5
Students:
  • recognize and compare word order of the target and native languages.
  • recognize similarities and differences in pronunciation.
  • identify cognates.

6-8
Students:
  • conpare and contrast word order of the target and native languages.
  • recognize similarities and differences in intonation and pronunciation.
  • identify cognates.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • syntax of the target language.
  • how to identify cognates in the target language.

3-5
Students know:
  • syntax of the target language.
  • how to identify cognates in the target language.

6-8
Students know:
  • language proficiency levels.
  • syntax of the target language.
  • how to identify cognates in the target language.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • duplicate word order in sentences from target language.
  • mimic intonation in the target language.
  • identify cognates.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • duplicate word order in sentences from target language.
  • mimic intonation in the target language.
  • identify cognates.

6-8
Students are able to:
  • duplicate word order in sentences from the target language.
  • mimic intonation in the target language.
  • identify cognates.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understanding will depend on theme taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Novice High Proficiency Range
2) Demonstrate an understanding of simple spoken or written language presented through a variety of media resources on familiar topics.

a. Report on content of a brief written or spoken message on familiar topics.

Examples: Emails, personal notes, letters, text messages

b. Identify the main idea in various media such as texts, posters, videos, etc.

c. Identify the main characters of a story.

d. Recall details in simple texts that contain familiar vocabulary.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • understand familar questions and statements in a conversation.
  • identify the topic of an informational/fictional text on a familar topic.
  • recognize the main characters in a story.

3-5
Students:
  • understand familar questions and statements in a conversation.
  • identify the topic of an informational/fictional text on a familar topic.
  • recognize the main characters in a story.

6-8
Students:
  • identify the topic of an informational/fictional text.
  • identify some isolated facts from an informational/fictional text.
  • understand familiar questions and statements in a conversation.
  • identify the main characters in a story.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

3-5
Students know:
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

6-8
Students know:
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.
  • how to use context clues to understand new vocabulary in context.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • understand familiar questions and statements in a conversation.
  • identify the topic of an informational/fictional text on a familiar topic.
  • recognize the main characters in a story.
  • recognize vocabulary related to theme being taught.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • understand familiar questions and statements in a conversation.
  • identify the topic of an informational/fictional text on a familiar topic.
  • recognize the main characters in a story.
  • recognize vocabulary realted to theme being taught.

6-8
Students are able to:
  • understand familiar questions and statements in a conversation.
  • identify the topic of an informational/fictional text on a familiar topic.
  • recognize the main characters in a story.
  • understand familiar questions and statements.
  • recognize vocabulary related to theme being taught.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Novice High Proficiency Range
6) Investigate, analyze, and reflect on similarities and differences between the target and native languages.

a. Compare similarities and differences in writing systems of native and target languages.

b. Recognize idiomatic expressions in the target and native languages.

c. Compare and contrast patterns of spoken communication such as intonation and register.

d.Compare and contrast patterns of written communication such as style, syntax, and audience.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • recognize similarities in writing systems.
  • compare and contrast patterns in both written and spoken communication.

3-5
Students:
  • recognize similarities and differences in writing systems.
  • recognize idiomatic expressions.
  • compare and contrast patterns in both written and spoken communication.

6-8
Students:
  • analyze similarities and differences in writing systems.
  • recognize and compare idiomatic expressions.
  • compare and contrast patterns in both written and spoken communication.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • similarities between target and native language writing systems.
  • some idiomatic expressions.
  • simliarities and differences between target and native language pronunciation.

3-5
Students know:
  • similarities between target and native language writing systems.
  • some idiomatic expressions.
  • simliarities and differences between target and native language pronunciation.

6-8
Students know:
  • similarities between target and native language writing systems.
  • some idiomatic expressions.
  • simliarities and differences between target and native language pronunciation.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • recognize idiomatic expressions.
  • compare idiomatic expressions.
  • compare and contrast similarities and differences in the target and native language writing systems.
  • compare and contrast similarities and differences of the spoken language.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • recognize idiomatic expressions.
  • compare idiomatic expressions.
  • compare and contrast similarities and differences in the target and native language writing systems.
  • compare and contrast similarities and differences of the spoken language.

6-8
Students are able to:
  • recognize idiomatic expressions.
  • compare idiomatic expressions.
  • analyze the target and native language writing systems.
  • analyze the spoken language.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understanding will depend on theme taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Intermediate Low Proficiency Range
2) Demonstrate an understanding of simple spoken or written language presented through a variety of media resources on familiar topics.

a. React to news clips, articles, or reports on current issues.

b. Describe main themes with significant details on topics of current interest.

c. Find basic information in an announcement, article, or other text.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • identify the topic in short informational or fictional texts.
  • identify the main idea in a short conversation.

3-5
Students:
  • identify the topic in short informational or fictional texts.
  • identify a few supporting details in an informational or fictional text.
  • identify the main idea in a short conversation.
  • recognize a few details in a conversation.

6-8
Students:
  • identify the topic in short informational or fictional texts.
  • identify supporting deatils in an informational or fictional text.
  • identify the main idea in a short conversation.
  • recognize some details in a conversation.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • previously learned vocabulary.
  • how to identify cognates.
  • extract the main idea from a conversation.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

3-5
Students know:
  • previously learned vocabulary.
  • how to identify cognates.
  • extract the main idea from a conversation.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

6-8
Students know:
  • previously learned vocabulary.
  • how to identify cognates.
  • extract the main idea from a conversation.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • identify topic and related information in texts.
  • identify main idea in short conversations.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • identify topic and related information in texts.
  • identify main idea in short conversations.

  • 6-8
    Students are able to:
    • identify topic and related information in texts.
    • identify main idea in short conversations.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Intermediate Low Proficiency Range
6) Investigate and analyze similarities and differences between the target and native languages.

a. Identify words in the target language that have no translation in English.

b. Hypothesize about the similarities of language based on awareness of cognates and idioms.

c. Analyze idiomatic expressions in the target language.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • recognize idiomatic expression in the target and native languages.
  • understand that langauge cannot be translated word for word.
  • recognize similarities and differences in the target and native language systems.

3-5
Students:
  • recognize idiomatic expression in the target and native languages.
  • understand that langauge cannot be translated word for word.
  • recognize similarities and differences in the target and native language systems.

6-8
Students:
  • analyze idiomatic expressions in target and native languages.
  • conclude that language cannot be translated word for word.
  • recognize similarities and differences between language systems.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • various idiomatic expressions based on themes taught.
  • that not all idiomatic expressions can be translated.
  • similarities and differences in the target and native language systems.

3-5
Students know:
  • various idiomatic expressions based on themes taught.
  • that not all idiomatic expressions can be translated.
  • similarities and differences in the target and native language systems.

6-8
Students know:
  • various idiomatic expressions based on themes taught.
  • that not all idiomatic expressions can be translated.
  • similarities and differences in the target and native language systems.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • recognize idiomatic expressions.
  • understand that those expressions cannot always be translated into their native language.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • recognize idiomatic expressions.
  • understand that those expressions cannot always be translated into their native language.

6-8
Students are able to:
  • recognize idiomatic expressions.
    • understand that those expressions cannot always be translated into their native language.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understanding will depend on theme taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Intermediate Mid Proficiency Range
2) Demonstrate an understanding of simple spoken or written language presented through a variety of media resources on familiar topics.

a. Interpret/retell stories or events in one's own words.

b. Identify principal characters and explain main ideas and themes in selected texts.

c. Determine the main idea of a text with unfamiliar vocabulary.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • understand the main idea in short straight-forward informational and fictional texts.
  • understand a few supporting details in short straight-forward informational and fictional texts.
  • understand the main idea in short straight forward conversation.
  • understand a few supporting details in short straight-forward conversations.

3-5
Students:
  • understand the main idea in short straight-forward informational and fictional texts.
  • understand a few supporting details in short straight-forward informational and fictional texts.
  • understand the main idea in short straight forward conversation.
  • understand a few supporting details in short straight-forward conversations.

6-8
Students:
  • understand the main idea in short straight-forward informational and fictional texts.
  • understand a few supporting details in short straight-forward informational and fictional texts.
  • understand the main idea in short straight forward conversation.
  • understand a few supporting details in short straight-forward conversations.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • strategies to understand the main idea of a text.
  • strategies to understand a few supporting details of a text.
  • strategies to understand the main idea of a conversation.
  • strategies to understand a few supporting details of a conversation.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

3-5
Students know:
  • strategies to understand the main idea of a text.
  • strategies to understand a few supporting details of a text.
  • strategies to understand the main idea of a conversation.
  • strategies to understand a few supporting details of a conversation.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

6-8
Students know:
  • how to recognize previously learned content.
  • strategies to understand the main idea of a text.
  • strategies to understand a few supporting details of a text.
  • strategies to understand the main idea of a conversation.
  • strategies to understand a few supporting details of a conversation.
  • how to use context to understand information.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • understand main idea and key information in written and spoken texts.
  • recognize vocabulary related to the theme being taught.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • understand main idea and key information in written and spoken texts.
  • recognize vocabulary related to the theme being taught.

6-8
Students are able to:
  • understand main idea and key information in written and spoken texts.
  • recognize vocabulary related to the theme being taught.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Intermediate Mid Proficiency Range
6) Investigate, analyze, and reflect on similarities and differences between the target and native languages.

a. Compare how different time frames are expressed.

b. Describe shades of meaning expressed by different time frames.

c. Identify and compare language appropriate to specific social settings.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • recognize formal and informal language.
  • use formal and informal language appropriately.
  • determine if an interaction is in the past of present.

3-5
Students:
  • recognize and use formal and informal language appropriately.
  • recognize langauge used in different social settings.
  • determine if an interaction is in the past of present.

6-8
Students:
  • recognize language appropriate to different social settings.
  • use language appropriate to different social settings.
  • compare how the past is expressed in both target and native languages.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • indicators of formal and informal language.
  • present tense time frame.
  • past tense time frame.

3-5
Students know:
  • indicators of formal and informal language.
  • present tense time frame.
  • past tense time frame.

6-8
Students know:
  • indicators of formal and informal language.
  • present tense time frame.
  • past tense time frame.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • recognize and use formal and informal language appropriately.
  • recognize cognates.
  • recognize similarities and differences in the target and native language.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • recognize and use formal and informal language appropriately.
  • recognize cognates.
  • compare and contrast the target and native language.
  • determine if an action is in the past, present or fulture tense.

6-8
Students are able to:
Students are able to:
  • use formal and informal language appropriately.
  • recognize cognates.
  • analyze the target and native language writing systems.
  • analyze target and native language grammatical structures.
  • determine if an action is in the past, present or fulture tense.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understanding will depend on theme taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Intermediate High Proficiency Range
2) Demonstrate an understanding of simple spoken or written language presented through a variety of media resources on familiar topics.

a. Restate information from short texts.

b. Relate main ideas and significant details on unfamiliar topics.

c. Use knowledge acquired in other settings to comprehend texts in the target language.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • usually follow the main message in straigh-forward and sometimes descriptive paragraph length informational and fictional texts.
  • usually understand the main idea expressed in conversations and discussions.

3-5
Students:
  • usually follow the main message in various timeframes in straight-forward and sometimes descriptive paragraph length informational and fictional texts.
  • usually understand the main idea and flow of events expressed in various timeframes in conversations and discussions.

6-8
Students:
  • usually follow the main message in various timeframes in straight-forward and sometimes descriptive paragraph length informational and fictional texts.
  • usually understand the main idea and flow of events expressed in various timeframes in conversations and discussions.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • strategies for comprehending the main idea in a straight forward text.
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

3-5
Students know:
  • strategies for comprehending the main idea in a straight forward text.
  • strategies for recognizing the various timeframes (although they can't use them with accuracy).
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.

6-8
Students know:
  • how to follow the thread of a conversation.
  • strategies for comprehending the main idea in a straight forward text.
  • strategies for recognizing the various timeframes (although they can't use them with accuracy).
  • the target language vocabulary related to theme taught.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • usually understand the main message of a text.
  • usually understand the main idea expressed in conversations and discussions.
  • use the target language vocabulary related to theme being taught.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • usually understand the main message of a text in various time frames>
  • usually understand the main idea expressed in conversations and discussions.
  • use the target language vocabulary related to theme being taught.

6-8
Students are able to:
  • usually understand the main message of a text in various timeframes.
  • usually understand the main idea and flow of conversation.
  • use the target language vocabulary related to theme being taught.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: K-8
Intermediate High Proficiency Range
6) Investigate, analyze, and synthesize similarities and differences between the target and native language.

a. Compare syntax functions.

b. Explain discrepancies between sound and writing systems in the target and native languages.

c. Hypothesize about the origins of idioms.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
K-2
Students:
  • compare word order of the target and native languages.
  • compare and contrast written and spoken language.
  • recognize and use idiomatic expressions.

3-5
Students:
  • compare word order of the target and native languages.
  • compare and contrast written and spoken language.
  • recognize and use idiomatic expressions.

6-8
Students:
  • compare and contrast sentence structures in the target and native languages.
  • hypothesize and research reasons why language structures differ.
  • recognize and use idiomatic expressions.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
K-2
Students know:
  • sentence syntax in the target and native languages.
  • differences and similarities in written and spoken language.
  • some idiomatic expressions.

3-5
Students know:
  • sentence syntax in the target and native languages.
  • differences and similarities in written and spoken language.
  • some idiomatic expressions.

6-8
Students know:
  • sentence syntax in the target and native languages.
  • differences and similarities in written and spoken language.
  • some idiomatic expressions.
  • how to hypothesize on differences between languages.
Skills:
K-2
Students are able to:
  • compare word order of native and target language.
  • compare and contrast written and spoken language.
  • recognize and use idiomatic expressions.

3-5
Students are able to:
  • compare word order of native and target language.
  • compare and contrast written and spoken language.
  • recognize and use idiomatic expressions.

6-8
Students are able to:
  • recognize and use idiomatic expressions.
  • compare and contrast sentence structures in target and native languages.
  • hypothesize and research reasons why languages are different.
Understanding:
K-2
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.

3-5
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understanding will depend on theme taught.

6-8
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: 7-12
Level I
2) Interpret what is heard, read, or viewed on familiar topics using the present tense.

a. Identify main characters, themes, and ideas from narrative text.

b. Recognize words, phrases and simple sentences in an informational text.

c. Interpret visual and auditory cues.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Novice Mid Level
Students:
  • understand a few courtesy phrases when spoken.
  • recognize and sometimes understand basic information in words and phrases that they have memorized. recognize and sometimes understand words and phrases that they have learned for specific purposes. recognize words, phrases, and characters with the help of visuals. recognize words, phrases, and characters when they associate them with things they already know.

Novice High Level
Students:
  • sometimes understand written and oral simple questions or statements on familiar topics.
  • understand simple written and oral information when presented with pictures and graphs. sometimes understand the main topic of conversations that they overhear. sometimes understand the main idea of published materials. understand simple everyday notices in public places on topics that are familiar to them.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • how to recognize the difference between a question and a statement.
  • how to identify who is speaking.
  • how to identify who is being spoken to.
  • how to recognize the topic being discussed.
  • how to rely on pictures, graphs, or charts to aid in comprehension.
Skills:
Students are able to:
Novice Mid Level
  • identify the key idea presented by a speaker or published work on a familiar topic.
  • differentiate between questions and statements.
  • gather basic information from graphs, charts and pictures.
  • rely on background knowledge to aid in comprehension of difficult or new words.
  • recognize characters and punctuation marks that are unique to the target language.
Novice High Level students are able to:
  • identify the key idea presented by a speaker or published work on a familiar topic.
  • differentiate between questions and statements.
  • gather basic information from graphs, charts and pictures.
  • rely on background knowledge to aid in comprehension of difficult or new words.
  • recognize characters and punctuation marks that are unique to the target language.
  • locate places on a map.
  • identify purpose of a brochure/advertisement.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
Novice Mid Level
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
Students understand that:
Novice High Level
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: 7-12
Level I
8) Identify characteristics of the target language and the native language.

a. Observe formal and informal forms of language.

b. Identify word order for dates and placement of descriptors.

c. Identify high-frequency idiomatic expressions.

d. Identify cognates.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Modes Of Communication:
presentational
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • identify letters/characters of the target language alphabet or writing system.
  • recognize diacritical markings important to the target language.
  • recognize the grammatical differences between the formal and
  • informal the target language language use.
  • utilize correct word order in written and spoken conversation.
  • use high-frequence idiomatic expessions in everyday conversation.
  • use cognates to assist in comprension of the target language.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • how to recognize similarities among root words in order to aid comprehension in the target language.
  • that conjugations can effect the formality/tone of the provided information.
  • that word order varies across langauge and may differ from their native language.
  • that some expressions (ex.
  • idiomatic expressions) may not translate literally from language to language.
Skills:
Students are able to:
Novice Mid Level
  • use the alphabet or writing system to express ideas.
  • identify appropriate situations in which to use formal and informal structures.
  • memorize common idomatic expressions.
  • match words from the target language to similarly structured words in the native language.
Novice High Level
Students are able to:
  • use the alphabet or writing system to express ideas.
  • use diacritical markings to clarify meaning when writing.
  • identify appropriate situations in which to use formal and informal structures.
  • memorize common idomatic expressions.
  • match words from the target language to similarly structured words in the native language.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: 7-12
Level II
2) Interpret what is heard, read, or viewed on familiar topics using the past tense.

a. Restate information from audio and visual documents in the target language.

b. Locate key information from announcements and messages connected to daily activities in the target culture.

c. Relate the main themes and significant details on topics from other subjects and products of the cultures.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Novice High Level
Students:
  • sometimes understand written and oral simple questions or statements on familiar topics.
  • understand simple written and oral information when presented with pictures and graphs.
  • sometimes understand the main topic of conversations that they overhear.
  • sometimes understand the main idea of published materials.
  • understand simple everyday notices in public places on topics that are familiar to them.

Intermediate Low Level
Students:
    • understand the basic purpose of an oral or written message.
    • understand messages related to his/her basic needs.
    • understand questions and simple statements on everyday topics when he/she is a part of the conversation.
    • identify some information from news media.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
Students know: how to:
  • interpret audio and visual documents in the target language
  • identify key information and details from the target language materials
  • explain how the target language is connected to other content areas through geography, history, etc.
  • recognize basic products of the target language culture.
Skills:
Novice High Level
Students are able to:
  • identify the key idea presented by a speaker or published work on a familiar topic.
  • differentiate between questions and statements.
  • gather basic information from graphs, charts and pictures.
  • rely on background knowledge to aid in comprehension of difficult or new words.
  • recognize characters and punctuation marks that are unique to the target language.
Intermediate Low Level
Students are able to:
  • identify patterns in the contruction of past tense verbs and how this impacts meaning of texts.
  • how to recognize and use descriptors in basic conversations
  • restate key information.
  • use cognates to assist in comprehension of target language materials.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
Novice High Level
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
Students understand that:
Intermediate Low Level
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: 7-12
Level II
8) Compare characteristics of the target language and the native language.

a. Use formal and informal forms of language.

b. Compare word order for dates and placement of descriptors.

c. Use high-frequency idiomatic expressions.

d. Use cognates.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Evidence Of Student Attainment:

Students:
  • use formal and informal forms of language appropriately in everyday situations.
  • use correct word order when describing things and dates in writing and speaking.
  • use high-frequency idomatic expessions in everyday conversation.
  • use cognates to assist in comprension of the target language.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • how to recognize similarities among root words in order to aid comprehension in the target language.
  • which pronouns and verb forms to use in formal and informal situations.
  • how to politely ask for assistance or information.
  • how to greet and thank someone formally and informally.
  • that word order varies across langauges and may differ from their native language.
  • that some expressions (ex.
  • idomatic expressions) may not translate literally from language to language.
Skills:
Novice High Level
Students are able to:
  • use the alphabet or writing system to express ideas.
  • use diacritical markings to clarify meaning when writing.
  • identify appropriate situations in which to use formal and informal structures.
  • memorize common idomatic expressions.
  • match words from the target language to similarly structured words in the native language.
Intermediate Low Level
Students are able to:
  • identify which situations would require formal or informal forms of language.
  • use correct word order when writing and speaking about dates and descriptions.
  • recognize and use very common idomatic expressions.
  • match words from the target language to similarly structured words in the native language.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • languages can show formality and informality in ways different from their native language.
  • cognates and false cognates exist between languages.
  • not every word or phrase has an equivalent translation in another language.
  • word order often differs between languages.
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: 7-12
Level III
2) Interpret what is heard, read, or viewed on familiar topics in a variety of time frames.

a. Describe main ideas, identify characters, and state details found in a variety of informational and literary texts.

b. Use background knowledge to understand spoken and written information in the target language.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Intermediate Low Level
Students:
  • understand the basic purpose of a message.
  • understand messages related to basic needs.
  • understand questions and simple statements on everyday needs related to self.
  • understands messages that tell or ask about topics of personal interests.
  • identify simple information needed on forms.
  • identify some information from news media.

  • Intermediate Mid Level,
    Students:
    • understand basic information in ads, announcements and other recorded information.
    • understand the main idea of what is listened to for personal enjoyment.
    • understand messages related to everyday life.
    • understand simple personal questions.
    • understand basic information in ads, announcements, and other simple texts.
    • understand the main idea of what is read for personal enjoyment.
    • read simple written exchanges between other people.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • the target language vocabulary for specific purposes including:
    • question words.
    • dates, times.
    • schedules.
    • travel (airport).
    • accepting/rejecting an invitaiton.
    • likes & dislikes.
    • compliments.
    • descriptive words.
    • messages for greeting cards.
    • services being offered on a variety of sitionations.
    • interests and daily routines.
    • sports.
    • jobs.
    • weather.
  • vocabulary related to travel, (customs forms, hotel registrations, information on ID.
  • and can use verbs in a variety of time frames.
Skills:
Intermediate Low Level
Students are able to:
  • understand and determine types of listening sources
  • understand location and time of an event.
  • understand announcements (arrival/departure info, due dates, time and date of messages).
  • understand questions and statements about daily routines, interests, scheudles)
  • understand what is asked for on a form or application.
  • understand basic information in a variety of contexts (weather forcasts, job postings, biographical data).
Intermediate Mid Level
Students are able to:
  • understand the main idea and details of advertisements and announcements and messages.
  • understand the main idea and details of literary and non-literary texts.
  • understand questions asked for surveys questionaires and forms across a variety of contexts.
  • understand basic information given in ads, labels, brochures, erc across a variety of contexts
  • understand the who, what, where, when, why & how of literary & non-literary texts.
Understanding:
Intermediate-Low Level Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: 7-12
Level III
8) Compare characteristics of the target language and the native language in a variety of time frames.

a. Compare idiomatic expressions of the target language and the native language.

b. Compare formal and informal registers of language.

c. Compare the use of different time frames in the target and native cultures.

d. Make connections between target language and native language based on knowledge of cognates.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Modes Of Communication:
Interpersonal, Interpretive and Presentational Modes of communication
Evidence Of Student Attainment:

Students:
  • use the target language to make comparisons of the similarities and differences of idiomatic expressions in the target language and native langauge.
  • use the target language to make comparisons of the formal and informal registers of the target language.
  • use the target language to make comparisons of the use of different time
  • frames in the target language and native language.
  • use the target language to make connections from the target language to native langauge based on the knowledge of cognates.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • a variety of the target language specific vocabulary.
  • verb conjugations in a variety of time frames.
  • both high frequency and other common idiomatic expressions from earlier levels.
  • cognates and false cognates.
  • when to use formal and informal langauge in the target culture.
  • uses of various time frames.
Skills:
Intermediate Low Level
Students are able to:
  • identify which situations would require formal or informal forms of language.
  • use correct word order when writing and speaking about dates and descriptions.
  • recognize and use very common idomatic expressions.
  • match words from the target language to similarly structured words in the native language.
Intermediate Mid Level
Students are able to:
  • identify and use a variety of target language vocabulary.
  • use correct word order when writing and speaking about dates and descriptions.
  • communicate in present, past, future, etc..
  • use idiomatic expressions to convey thoughts in culturally appropriate ways.
  • compare and connect language similarities and differences using cognates and false cognates.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • culture and language are inextricably linked together.
  • structures and writing systems of the target language and English have similarities and differences.
  • different linguistic structures communicate different meanings.
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: 7-12
Level IV
2) Interpret, restate, and react to what is heard, read, or viewed on familiar and new topics.

a. Give main ideas, supporting details, and justify inferences in selected texts.

b. Identify themes, settings, characters, and plot lines found in literary texts.

c. Use background knowledge from other disciplines to understand spoken and written information in the target language.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Intermediate Mid Level
Students:
  • understand basic information in ads, announcements and other simple recordings.
  • understand the main idea of what they listen to for personal enjoyment.
  • understand messages related to everyday life.
  • understand simple personal questions.
  • understand basic information in ads, announcements, and other simple texts.
  • understand the main idea of what they read for personal enjoyment.
  • read simple exchanges between other people.

At the intermediate high level,
Students:
  • easily understand straightforward information or interactions.
  • understand a few details in ads, announcements and other simple recordings.
  • sometimes understand situations with complicating factors.
  • understand accounts of personal events or experiences.
  • sometimes follow short, written instructions when supported by visuals.
  • understand the main idea and a few supporting facts about famous people and historic events.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • the target language vocabulary for specific topics.
  • how to communicate in a variety of tenses and moods.
Skills:
Intermediate Mid Level
Students are able to:
  • understand basic information from advertisments and announcements, audio or print.
  • understand the main idea(s) of voice messages and videos
  • understand basic statements and questions in an interview.
  • understand questions in a survey or questionnaire.
  • understand information in a variety of print formats (ex: brochures, magazines, labels, etc.).
  • understand information in interpersonal communication.
  • understand main ideas, supporting details, themes, settings, characters and plot lines in literary texts.
Intermediate High Level
Students are able to:
  • understand basic information from advertisments and announcements, audio or print.
  • understand interpersonal exchanges, spoken or in print.
  • understand information in a variety of print formats (ex: brochures, magazines, labels, etc.).
  • understand main ideas, supporting details, themes, settings, characters and plot lines in literary texts.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
Intermediate Mid Level
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
Intermediate High:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: 7-12
Level IV
8) Compare characteristics of the target language and the native language in a variety of time frames and moods.

a. Explain idiomatic expressions appropriately.

b. Compare and contrast formal and informal registers of language.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • make comparisons of idiomatic expressions commonly used by native speakers of the target language with idioms common in their own language.
  • compare and contrast the formal and informal registers of language.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • common idiomatic expressions in the target language.
  • formal and informal forms of address and language.
  • the target language vocabulary for specific purposes.
  • how to communicate in a variety of tenses and moods.
Skills:
Intermediate Mid Level
Students are able to:
  • identify and use a variety of target language vocabulary.
  • use correct word order when writing and speaking about dates and descriptions.
  • communicate in present, past, future, etc..
  • use idiomatic expressions to convey thoughts in culturally appropriate ways.
  • compare and connect language similarities and differences using cognates and false cognates.
  • Intermediate High Level
    Students are able to:
    • differentiate between when to use formal and informal register.
    • recognize and understand idiomatic expressions in listening and reading.
    • use idiomatic expressions appropriately in speaking and writing.
    • communicate in the target language in a variety of time frames and moods.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • formal and informal registers of language are indicative of the practices and perspectives of the target culture.
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: 7-12
Level V
2) Understand the main idea and a few details in texts on a variety of topics related to everyday life and personal interests in various time frames and moods using varied vocabulary and more complex sentence structure.

a. Relate main themes and significant details in ads, reports, or announcements presented on TV, radio, video, or in live presentations.

b. Describe the main themes and significant details on topics found in print media.

c. Follow short instructions to complete a task.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Communication
Modes Of Communication:
Interpretive Mode
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Intermediate High Level
Students:
  • easily understand straightforward information or interactions.
  • understand a few details in ads, announcements and other simple recordings.
  • understand situations with complicating factors.
  • understand accounts of personal events or experiences.
  • sometimes follow short, written instructions when supported by visuals.
  • understand the main idea and a few supporting facts about famous people and historic events.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • variety of time frames.
  • the target language vocabulary for specific topics.
  • the target language vocabulary for various types of documents (written or audio/video) (i.e., literary texts, newspapers, magazines, websites, radio/tv ads, announcements, or live presentations).
Skills:
Intermediate Mid & High Level
Students are able to:
  • relate the main themes and significant details on topics from other subjects and products of the cultures as presented on TV, radio, video, or live presentations.
  • describe the main themes and significant details on topics from other subjects and products of the cultures as found in printed sources for target language audiences.
  • identify the principal characters and discuss the main ideas and themes in selected literary texts.
  • comprehend spoken and written messages in the target language.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • effective communication requires knowing how when and why to say what to whom.
  • the purpose of language study is to communicate so one can understand others and be understood.
  • other understandings will depend on the theme being taught.
World Languages
WLAN (2017)
Grade: 7-12
Level V
8) Compare characteristics of the target language and the native language using complex sentence structure in a variety of time frames and aspects.

a. Compare choice and use of prepositions.

b. Analyze elements of the target language related to time and tense.

c. Compare the writing system of the target language and the native language.

Unpacked Content
Goals:
Comparisons
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Intermediate High Level
Students:
  • make comparisons of idiomatic expressions commonly used by native speakers of the target language with idioms common in their own language.
  • compare and contrast the formal and informal registers of language.
Performance Descriptors:
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • common idiomatic expressions in the target language.
  • formal and informal forms of address and language.
  • the target language vocabulary for specific purposes.
  • how to communicate in a variety of tenses and moods.
Skills:
Intermediate High Level
Students are able to:
  • compare and contrast the products, practices and perspectives of the target culture to their native culture in a variety of time frames and moods in the target language.
  • communicate in the target language in a variety of time frames and moods.
  • use target langauge to compare activities and events of the target culture and native culture.
  • use target langauge to compare the practices of target and native culture.
  • identify games, fairy tales, songs, and rhymes from the target culture and compare them with those of the native culture.
  • identify and use borrowed words and cognates in the language they are learning and their own, and hypothesize about their origins.
  • compare and analyze idiomatic expressions in the language they are learning and their own, and hypothesize about their origins.
  • compare language appropriate to specific social groups and situations in the language they are learning and their own. compare syntax functions (e.g., word order and inflections) to express meaning in the target language and in English.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • culture and language are inextricably linked together.
  • structures and writing systems of the target language and English have similarities and differences.
  • different linguistic structures communicate different meanings.
  • by learning another language one can better understand how the native language works.
  • other understandings will depend on theme taught.
Tags: Advanced, Audio, Communication, Comparisons, Dialects, Heritage Speakers, Intermediate, Interpretive, Listening, Native Speakers, Novice, Spanish, Video
License Type: Attribution
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AccessibilityAudio resources: includes a transcript or subtitles
Text Resources: Content is organized under headings and subheadings
Video resources: includes closed captioning or subtitles
Comments

A site index offers a comprehensive list of website components – including video podcasts and a topical grammar index.

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Author: Chrissy Roe