ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Properties of Matter StudyJam

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Properties of Matter StudyJam

URL:

https://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/matter/properties-of-matter.htm

Content Source:

Other
http://studyjams.scholastic.com/
Type: Audio/Video

Overview:

Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. That is why mass and volume are the properties of matter.

The classroom resource provides a video that will describe the properties and characteristics of matter. This resource can provide background information for students before they conduct their own investigations. There is also a short test that can be used to assess students' understanding.

Content Standard(s):
Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 2
1 ) Conduct an investigation to describe and classify various substances according to physical properties (e.g., milk being a liquid, not clear in color, assuming shape of its container, mixing with water; mineral oil being a liquid, clear in color, taking shape of its container, floating in water; a brick being a solid, not clear in color, rough in texture, not taking the shape of its container, sinking in water).


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
E4.6: Some Earth materials have properties either in their present form or after design and modification that make them useful in solving human problems and enhancing the quality of life, as in the case of materials used for building or fuels used for heating and transportation.

NAEP Statement::
P4.1: Objects and substances have properties. Weight (mass) and volume are properties that can be measured using appropriate tools.*

NAEP Statement::
P4.3: Matter exists in several different states; the most common states are solid, liquid, and gas. Each state of matter has unique properties. For instance, gases are easily compressed while solids and liquids are not. The shape of a solid is independent of its container; liquids and gases take the shape of their containers.


Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Planning and Carrying out Investigations
Crosscutting Concepts: Patterns
Disciplinary Core Idea: Matter and Its Interactions
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Conduct an investigation to produce data that is used as evidence to describe and classify various substances according to physical properties.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Solid
  • Liquid
  • Physical Properties
  • Investigate
  • Classify
  • Opaque
  • Transparent
  • Translucent
  • Rough
  • Smooth
  • Float
  • Sink
  • Shape
  • Various
  • Substances
  • Conduct
  • Describe
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Different kinds of matter exists.
  • Properties of both solids (opaque, transparent, translucent, rough, smooth, float, sink, has its own shape) and liquids (color, assumes shape of container, opaque, transparent, translucent).
  • Many types of matter can be either solid or liquid, depending on temperature.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Plan and conduct an investigation to produce data that is used to describe and classify substances according to physical properties.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Observable patterns in the properties of materials provide evidence to classify the different kinds of materials.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Matter
Solids and Liquids, FOSS

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.2.1- Participate in investigations to describe and sort various substances according to physical properties.


Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 5
3 ) Examine matter through observations and measurements to identify materials (e.g., powders, metals, minerals, liquids) based on their properties (e.g., color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, solubility, density).


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
P4.1: Objects and substances have properties. Weight (mass) and volume are properties that can be measured using appropriate tools.*

NAEP Statement::
P4.3: Matter exists in several different states; the most common states are solid, liquid, and gas. Each state of matter has unique properties. For instance, gases are easily compressed while solids and liquids are not. The shape of a solid is independent of its container; liquids and gases take the shape of their containers.


Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Planning and Carrying out Investigations
Crosscutting Concepts: Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
Disciplinary Core Idea: Matter and Its Interactions
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • color
  • hardness
  • reflectivity
  • electrical conductivity
  • thermal conductivity
  • response to magnetic forces
  • solubility
  • density
  • measurement (quantitative and qualitative)
  • data
  • observable properties
  • standard units
  • conductors
  • nonconductors
  • magnetic
  • nonmagnetic
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Materials have different properties-color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity thermal conductivity, solubility, and density.
  • Measurements of a variety of properties can be used to identify materials.
  • Measurements should be made in standard units (e.g., grams & liters).
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Identify the phenomenon through observations about materials, including color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, and solubility.
  • Identify the evidence and collect data about the observed objects in standard units (e.g., grams, liters).
  • Collaboratively plan the investigation.
  • Identify materials based on their properties.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Standard units are used to measure and describe physical quantities of materials such as weight, time, temperature, and volume. These measurements will assist in the identification of the materials ( e.g. powders, metals, minerals, and liquids).
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Matter and Interactions

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.5.3- Classify materials (e.g., powders, metals, minerals, liquids) based on their properties (e.g., color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, solubility, density).


Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 8
Physical Science
2 ) Plan and carry out investigations to generate evidence supporting the claim that one pure substance can be distinguished from another based on characteristic properties.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
P8.4c: Each element and compound has physical and chemical properties, such as boiling point, density, color, and conductivity, which are independent of the amount of the sample.

NAEP Statement::
P8.5a: Substances are classified according to their physical and chemical properties.

NAEP Statement::
P8.5d: Acids are a class of compounds that exhibit common chemical properties, including a sour taste, characteristic color changes with litmus and other acid/base indicators, and the tendency to react with bases to produce a salt and water.


Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Planning and Carrying out Investigations
Crosscutting Concepts: Patterns
Disciplinary Core Idea: Matter and Its Interactions
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Plan an investigation to generate evidence supporting the claim that one pure substance can be distinguished from another based on characteristic properties.
  • Carry out an investigation to generate evidence supporting the claim that one pure substance can be distinguished from another based on characteristic properties.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Investigation
  • Claims
  • Evidence
  • Substance
  • Matter
  • Composition
  • Property
  • Element
  • Compound
  • Pure substance
  • Characteristic properties
  • Physical property (includes, but not limited to, color, odor, density, melting point, boiling point, solubility)
  • Chemical property (includes, but not limited to, flammability, reactivity with water, pH)
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • A substance is matter which has a specific composition and specific properties.
  • Every pure element is a substance. Every pure compound is a substance.
  • Pure substances have characteristic properties.
  • Characteristic properties are physical or chemical properties that are not affected by the amount or shape of a substance.
  • Characteristic properties can be used to identify a pure substance.
  • Physical properties of a substance are characteristics that can be observed without altering the identity (chemical nature) of the substance.
  • Color, odor, density, melting temperature, boiling temperature, and solubility are examples of physical properties.
  • Chemical properties of a substance are characteristics that can be observed but alter the identity (chemical nature) of the substance.
  • Flammability, reactivity with water, and pH are examples of chemical properties.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Identify the phenomena under investigation, which includes pure substances and their characteristic properties.
  • Identify the purpose of the investigation, which includes demonstrating that one pure substance can be distinguished from another based on characteristic properties.
  • Develop a plan for the investigation individually or collaboratively.
  • Describe factors used in the investigation including appropriate units (if necessary), independent and dependent variables, controls and number of trials for each experimental condition.
  • Perform the investigation as prescribed by the plan.
  • Make a claim, to be supported by evidence, to support or refute an explanation or model for a given phenomenon, including the idea that one pure substance can be distinguished from another based on characteristic properties.
  • Identify evidence to support the claim from the given materials.
  • Evaluate the evidence for its necessity and sufficiency for supporting the claim.
  • Use reasoning to connect the evidence and evaluation to the claim that one pure substance can be distinguished from another based on characteristic properties.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Each pure substance has characteristic physical and chemical properties (for any bulk quantity under given conditions) that can be used to identify it.
  • Pure substances can be distinguished from other pure substances based on characteristic properties.
  • Substances react chemically in characteristic ways. In a chemical process, the atoms that make up the original substances are regrouped into different molecules, and these new substances have different properties from those of the reactants.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Exploring the Properties of Matter

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.8.2- Identify characteristics that distinguish one pure substance from another (e.g., color, hardness, flammability).


Tags: density, mass, matter, properties, volume, weight
License Type: Custom Permission Type
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Comments

The test may be completed as a whole group or independently on student devices.

  This resource provided by:  
Author: Hannah Bradley