# ALEX Classroom Resource

## Solids, Liquids, Gases StudyJam

Classroom Resource Information

Title:

Solids, Liquids, Gases StudyJam

URL:

https://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/matter/solids-liquids-gases.htm

Content Source:

Other
http://studyjams.scholastic.com/
Type: Audio/Video

Overview:

All matter can exist in three forms: solid, liquid, or gas. Matter can change states through heating or cooling, and it is sure to change states when it reaches its boiling point or freezing point.

The classroom resource provides a video that will explain the three states of matter and how matter can change states. There is a karaoke song that students can learn to help them remember the characteristics of the states of matter. This resource can provide background information for students before they conduct their own investigations. There is also a short test that can be used to assess students' understanding.

Content Standard(s):
 Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 2 1 ) Conduct an investigation to describe and classify various substances according to physical properties (e.g., milk being a liquid, not clear in color, assuming shape of its container, mixing with water; mineral oil being a liquid, clear in color, taking shape of its container, floating in water; a brick being a solid, not clear in color, rough in texture, not taking the shape of its container, sinking in water). NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: E4.6: Some Earth materials have properties either in their present form or after design and modification that make them useful in solving human problems and enhancing the quality of life, as in the case of materials used for building or fuels used for heating and transportation. NAEP Statement:: P4.1: Objects and substances have properties. Weight (mass) and volume are properties that can be measured using appropriate tools.* NAEP Statement:: P4.3: Matter exists in several different states; the most common states are solid, liquid, and gas. Each state of matter has unique properties. For instance, gases are easily compressed while solids and liquids are not. The shape of a solid is independent of its container; liquids and gases take the shape of their containers. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Planning and Carrying out InvestigationsCrosscutting Concepts: PatternsDisciplinary Core Idea: Matter and Its InteractionsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Conduct an investigation to produce data that is used as evidence to describe and classify various substances according to physical properties.Teacher Vocabulary:Solid Liquid Physical Properties Investigate Classify Opaque Transparent Translucent Rough Smooth Float Sink Shape Various Substances Conduct DescribeKnowledge:Students know: Different kinds of matter exists. Properties of both solids (opaque, transparent, translucent, rough, smooth, float, sink, has its own shape) and liquids (color, assumes shape of container, opaque, transparent, translucent). Many types of matter can be either solid or liquid, depending on temperature.Skills:Students are able to: Plan and conduct an investigation to produce data that is used to describe and classify substances according to physical properties.Understanding:Students understand that: Observable patterns in the properties of materials provide evidence to classify the different kinds of materials.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Matter Solids and Liquids, FOSS Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.2.1- Participate in investigations to describe and sort various substances according to physical properties. Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 2 10 ) Collect and evaluate data to identify water found on Earth and determine whether it is a solid or a liquid (e.g., glaciers as solid forms of water; oceans, lakes, rivers, streams as liquid forms of water). NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: E4.4: Earth materials that occur in nature include rocks, minerals, soils, water, and the gases of the atmosphere. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating InformationCrosscutting Concepts: PatternsDisciplinary Core Idea: Earth's SystemsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Obtain information to identify where water is found on Earth and that it can be solid or liquid.Teacher Vocabulary:Collect Evaluate Solid Liquid Glaciers Oceans Lakes Rivers Streams Frozen PondsKnowledge:Students know: Water is found in many places on Earth. Water exists as solid ice and in liquid form.Skills:Students are able to: Identify which sources of information are likely to provide scientific information. Collect and evaluate data to identify water found on Earth.Understanding:Students understand that: There are observable patterns as to where water is found on Earth and what form it is in.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Soils and Shores Pebbles, Sand, and Silt, FOSS Shrinking Shore, ETA/hand2mind Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.2.10- Identify places water is found on Earth as a liquid (e.g., river, lake, ocean) and as a solid (ice/glacier). Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 5 3 ) Examine matter through observations and measurements to identify materials (e.g., powders, metals, minerals, liquids) based on their properties (e.g., color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, solubility, density). NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: P4.1: Objects and substances have properties. Weight (mass) and volume are properties that can be measured using appropriate tools.* NAEP Statement:: P4.3: Matter exists in several different states; the most common states are solid, liquid, and gas. Each state of matter has unique properties. For instance, gases are easily compressed while solids and liquids are not. The shape of a solid is independent of its container; liquids and gases take the shape of their containers. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Planning and Carrying out InvestigationsCrosscutting Concepts: Scale, Proportion, and QuantityDisciplinary Core Idea: Matter and Its InteractionsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties.Teacher Vocabulary:color hardness reflectivity electrical conductivity thermal conductivity response to magnetic forces solubility density measurement (quantitative and qualitative) data observable properties standard units conductors nonconductors magnetic nonmagneticKnowledge:Students know: Materials have different properties-color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity thermal conductivity, solubility, and density. Measurements of a variety of properties can be used to identify materials. Measurements should be made in standard units (e.g., grams & liters).Skills:Students are able to: Identify the phenomenon through observations about materials, including color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, and solubility. Identify the evidence and collect data about the observed objects in standard units (e.g., grams, liters). Collaboratively plan the investigation. Identify materials based on their properties.Understanding:Students understand that: Standard units are used to measure and describe physical quantities of materials such as weight, time, temperature, and volume. These measurements will assist in the identification of the materials ( e.g. powders, metals, minerals, and liquids).AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Matter and Interactions Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.5.3- Classify materials (e.g., powders, metals, minerals, liquids) based on their properties (e.g., color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, solubility, density).
Tags: boiling point, condensation, cooling, evaporation, freezing point, gases, heating, liquids, matter, solids