# ALEX Classroom Resource

## Force & Motion StudyJam

Classroom Resource Information

Title:

Force & Motion StudyJam

URL:

https://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/forces-and-motion/force-and-motion.htm

Content Source:

Other
http://studyjams.scholastic.com/
Type: Audio/Video

Overview:

Anytime there is a change in motion, force is the responsible party. It has to overcome inertia to act on an object. Inertia keeps an object either sitting still or moving at a constant speed.

The classroom resource provides a video that will introduce the concepts of force, motion, and inertia. This resource can provide background information for students before they conduct their own investigations. There is also a short test that can be used to assess students' understanding.

Content Standard(s):
 Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: K 1 ) Investigate the resulting motion of objects when forces of different strengths and directions act upon them (e.g., object being pushed, object being pulled, two objects colliding). NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: P4.13: An object is in motion when its position is changing. The speed of an object is defined by how far it travels divided by the amount of time it took to travel that far. NAEP Statement:: P4.14: The motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling. The size of the change is related to the size of the force (push or pull) and the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is exerted. When an object does not move in response to a push or a pull, it is because another push or pull (friction) is being applied by the environment. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Planning and Carrying out InvestigationsCrosscutting Concepts: Cause and EffectDisciplinary Core Idea: Motion and Stability: Forces and InteractionsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Investigate the resulting motion of objects when forces of different strengths act upon them. Investigate the resulting motion of objects when forces of different directions act upon them. Predict the effect of the push or pull on the motion of an object, based on prior experiences.Teacher Vocabulary:Push Pull Collide Investigate Result Motion Objects Forces Strengths Directions RefuteKnowledge:Students know: Pushes and pulls can have different strengths and directions. Pushing or pulling on an object can change the speed or direction of its motion and can start or stop it. When objects touch or collide, they push on one another and can change motion. A bigger push or pull makes things speed up or slow down more quickly.Skills:Students are able to: Investigate forces and interactions. Describe objects and their motions. Describe relative strengths and directions of the push or pull applied to an object.Understanding:Students understand that: Simple tests can be designed to gather evidence to support or refute ideas about effects on the motion of the object caused by changes in the strength or direction of the pushes and pulls.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: *Push and Pull *Balls and Ramps, Insights *Sidewalk Safety, ETA/hand2mind Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.K.1- Investigate ways to move different objects to include pushing, pulling, and colliding objects. Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 3 1 ) Plan and carry out an experiment to determine the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object using one variable at a time, including number, size, direction, speed, position, friction, or air resistance (e.g., balanced forces pushing from both sides on an object, such as a box, producing no motion; unbalanced force on one side of an object, such as a ball, producing motion), and communicate these findings graphically. NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: P4.13: An object is in motion when its position is changing. The speed of an object is defined by how far it travels divided by the amount of time it took to travel that far. NAEP Statement:: P4.14: The motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling. The size of the change is related to the size of the force (push or pull) and the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is exerted. When an object does not move in response to a push or a pull, it is because another push or pull (friction) is being applied by the environment. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Planning and Carrying out InvestigationsCrosscutting Concepts: Cause and EffectDisciplinary Core Idea: Motion and Stability: Forces and InteractionsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Planned an experiment to determine the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object using one variable at a time. Carried out an experiment to determine the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object using one variable at a time. Collected data from experiment to serve as the basis of evidence for how balanced and unbalanced forces on an object determines an object's motion. Communicated evidence and findings from experiment graphically.Teacher Vocabulary:Experiment Variable Motion Force (push and pull) Balanced forces Unbalanced forces Cause and effect Number Size Direction Position Friction Air resistance Communicate Graphically Net force SumKnowledge:Students know: Each force acts on one particular object and has both strength and direction. An object at rest typically has multiple forces acting on it, but they add to give zero net force on the object. Forces that do not sum to zero can cause changes in the object's speed or direction of motion. Objects in contact exert forces on each other.Skills:Students are able to: Collaboratively plan an experiment to determine the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object using one variable at a time. Carry out an experiment to determine the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object using one variable at a time. Collect and record data from experiment. Describe how the investigation plan addresses the purpose of the investigation. Communicate findings graphically.Understanding:Students understand that: Cause and effect relationships provide evidence when investigating balanced and unbalanced forces.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Forces and Investigations Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.3.1- Identify the effect of a force (e.g., push, pull, gravity) applied to an object.
Tags: constant speed, force, friction, inertia, motion, still